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'Uric Acid Nephropathy' (5808)


Feb
2018

Whether elevated uric acid (UA) is an independent risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD) is not well established. The authors evaluated the relationship of UA with rapid kidney function decline (RKFD) and incident CKD among 3702 African Americans (AAs) in the Jackson Heart Study with serum UA levels measured at baseline exam (2000-2004). RKFD was defined as ≥ 30% eGFR loss and incident CKD as development of eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.

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Jan
2018

To investigate the relationships between blood uric acid (BUA) level and the incidence, progression and deterioration of diabetic nephropathy (DN) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
A total of fifty patients with T2DM alone whose glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) were under normal range (4-6.5%) at their admission to our hospital were randomly selected as diabetes mellitus (DM) group.

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Dec
1969

Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is one of the complications of diabetes and is now the most common cause of end-stage renal disease. Fructose is a simple carbohydrate that is present in fruits and honey and is used as a sweetener because of its sweet taste. Fructose has been reported to have the potential to progress diabetes and DN in humans even though fructose itself does not increase postprandial plasma glucose levels.

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Dec
1969

The prognostic effect of gender on immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN) is not clear. We explored gender-related differences in clinicopathological features and renal outcomes in IgAN.
This was a single-centre retrospective study.

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Feb
2018

Diabetic nephropathy is a crucial microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus that is associated with elevated cardiovascular risk. SGLT-2 inhibitors are a new class of hypoglycemic drugs that positively affect several risk factors of cardiorenal damage.
To review and critically discuss available data on the association of SGLT-2 inhibitors treatment with kidney function, progress of diabetic kidney disease, and renal related outcomes, as well to unveil potential mechanisms of action that mediate such effects.

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Dec
1969

Uric Acid and Diabetic Nephropathy Risk.

Contrib Nephrol 2018 23;192:103-109. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
Michael Mauer, Alessandro Doria
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in the western world. Current treatment methods, with better control of glycemia and blood pressure, including renin-angiotensin system blockade (RASB), appear to have slowed the DN progression rate but have not substantially decreased the annual incidence of new DN ESRD cases. Thus, new treatment targets are needed.

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Dec
1969

Uric Acid: The Lower the Better?

Contrib Nephrol 2018 23;192:69-76. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
Gianni Bellomo, Antonio Selvi
Uric acid (UA) is still considered a risk factor, or even a causative agent, for chronic kidney disease (CKD); however, a few, important, clinical questions remain unanswered; in particular: when and whether urate-lowering therapy should be commenced in subjects with asymptomatic hyperuricemia and/or monosodium urate crystals deposition? What is the most appropriate UA target to be achieved and how long does it need to be maintained? How does treatment need be adjusted in patients with chronic kidney disease?
The observational and intervention studies available do not fully answer such questions, and a treatment to target trial is required. We provide here some preliminary opinion on how such a trial might be designed. A final unresolved issue relates to the possible (if any) dangers of overtreatment of hyperuricemia, leading to "hypouricemia," which may occur more frequently with newer, more potent, drugs.

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Dec
1969

Renal Effects of Hyperuricemia.

Contrib Nephrol 2018 23;192:8-16. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
Carlos Enrique Méndez Landa
From a clinical point of view, uric acid has been dismissed as a cause of injury and renal progression, and the mechanisms by which uric acid directly causes renal injury have not been fully understood. Hyperuricemia is associated with metabolic syndrome, diabetes, hypertension, and kidney and cardiovascular diseases. Although it remains controversial whether hyperuricemia is a causal factor for kidney disease, kidneys play a major role in the regulation of serum uric acid levels.

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Dec
1969

Uric Acid: The Unknown Uremic Toxin.

Contrib Nephrol 2018 23;192:25-33. Epub 2018 Jan 23.
Alejandro Treviño-Becerra
This review brings together concepts of uric acid metabolism affecting renal parenchyma and its function and the current therapies to reduce hyperuricemia (HyU) and avoid renal disease progression. High uric acid plays an important role in several chronic diseases including kidney diseases such as lithiasis, gout nephropathy, and preeclampsia. In the last 30 years, it has been shown that reducing HyU with low protein and low purine diets in addition to allopurinol creates physiopathological conditions that produce a slight increase in the glomerular filtration rate (GFR).

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Dec
1969

To assess the independent and joint associations of major chronic diseases and disease markers with cancer risk and to explore the benefit of physical activity in reducing the cancer risk associated with chronic diseases and disease markers.
Prospective cohort study.
Standard medical screening program in Taiwan.

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Jan
2018

Hyperuricemia is supposed to be an independent risk factor for kidney dysfunction in diabetic patients. We attempted to examine the uric acid-lowering effect and the renoprotective effect of topiroxostat, a selective xanthine oxidoreductase inhibitor, in patients with diabetic nephropathy and hyperuricemia in this pilot study.
The study design was randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study.

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Sep
2017

Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is considered to be a possibly severe complication of radiography and thus, remains to be the main cause of acute kidney injury (AKI) for inpatients. A clinical trial was executed to measure the preventive effect of allopurinol against CIN in high-risk patients undertaking coronary angiography.
Through randomized controlled trial, 140 patients with at minimum two risk factors of CIN, undertaking coronary angiography, were randomly allocated to the allopurinol (n = 70) or control group (n = 70).

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Jan
2018

Gout is an inflammatory disease manifested by the deposition of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in joints, cartilage, synovial bursa, tendons or soft tissues. Gout is not a new disease, which was first documented nearly 5,000 years ago. The prevalence of gout has increased globally in recent years, imposing great disease burden worldwide.

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Mar
2018

Adiponectin (APN) is a protein hormone that is primarily derived from adipocytes. It can also be secreted by renal cells. Hypoadiponectinemia has been documented in patients with hyperuricemia, however, whether soluble uric acid (SUA) regulates the expression of APN and APN receptor 1 (AdipoR1) in renal proximal tubule epithelial cells (PTECs) remains to be elucidated.

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Dec
1969

Uric acid (UA) activates the NLRP3-ASC-caspase-1 axis and triggers cascade inflammatory that leads to hyperuricemic nephropathy and hyperuricemia-induced renal tubular injury. The original study aims to verify the positive effects of the traditional Chinese medicinal formula Shizhifang (SZF) on ameliorating the hyperuricemia, tubular injury, and inflammasome infiltration in the kidneys of hyperuricemic lab rats.
Twenty-eight male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: control group, oxonic acid potassium (OA) model group, OA + SZF group, and OA + Allopurinol group.

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Jan
2018

The objective of this study is to analyze clinical characteristics associated with the formation of subcutaneous tophi among Chinese gout patients. It was a retrospective outpatient cohort study. Five thousand six hundred ninety-three gout patients treated at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from March 2011 to February 2016 were included and divided into the tophus group and non-tophus group according to the presence of megascopic tophus.

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Mar
2018

Studies find both very low and high serum uric acid (UA) levels are related to oxidative stress and to conditions such as cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease in the general population. Pregnancy studies have focused only on high maternal UA. In present study, we tested whether unusually high and low levels of maternal serum UA are associated with increases in blood pressure (BP) during pregnancy.

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Feb
2018

Hyperuricemia induces gout and kidney stones and accelerates the progression of renal and cardiovascular diseases. Adenosine 5'-triphosphate-binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) is a urate transporter, and common dysfunctional variants of ABCG2, non-functional Q126X (rs72552713) and semi-functional Q141K (rs2231142), are risk factors for hyperuricemia and gout. A recent genome wide association study suggested that allopurinol, a serum uric acid-lowering drug that inhibits xanthine dehydrogenase, is a potent substrate of ABCG2.

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Dec
2017

Hyperuricemia contributes to kidney tubular injury and kidney fibrosis. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here we examined the role of RTN1A, a novel endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated protein and ER stress in hyperuricemic nephropathy.

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Jan
2018

Hypoglycaemia represents a critical burden with clinical and social consequences in the management of diabetes. Serum uric acid (SUA) has been associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), but no conclusive findings are available nowadays in patients suffering from hypoglycaemia. We investigated whether SUA levels at the time of hypoglycaemia could predict all-cause mortality after 1-year follow-up.

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Dec
1969

The relationship between decreased bone mineral density (BMD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) is controversial. The associations among metabolic syndrome (MetS), serum uric acid and CKD are also unclear. We aimed to investigate the relationship between decreased BMD, MetS, serum uric acid and CKD in a general population.

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Dec
2017

Xanthine Oxidase (XO) is related with different diseases such as vascular, gout, nephropathy and renal stone diseases that are relevant to high uric acid levels and oxidative stress. Some common natural inhibitors of xanthine oxidase are known as rosmarinic acid and apigenin. With this study, we aimed to determine inhibitory effects of originally synthesized new generation transition metal vanadates on Xanthine Oxidase (XO) from bovine milk.

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Mar
2018

Uric acid nephropathy (UAN) is one of the most common metabolic diseases and leads to kidney damage. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Weicao capsule on renal injury of UAN rats and to examine whether the mechanism was associated with induction of autophagy and degradation of nucleotide binding oligomerization domain (Nod)-like receptor (NLR) protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. Sixty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly allocated into 6 groups: Control, Model, Allopurinol, and Weicao (0.

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Dec
1969

Saudi Arabia is facing an epidemic of type 2 diabetes that is complicated by a high rate of chronic complications such as kidney disease, which have a major impact on the healthcare system and economy. The Saudi diabetic kidney disease (SAUDI-DKD) study was launched to understand the implications of chronic diabetic kidney disease .
Examine the hematological, biochemical and metabolic parameters of the selected cohorts to look for biomarkers of diabetic nephropathy.

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Dec
2017

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is reported as a common complication of marathon and ultramarathon running. In previous studies AKI was diagnosed on the basis of the creatinine level in serum and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). In the present study we calculated eGFR and also measured creatinine clearance after every 25 km of a 100 km run.

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Dec
1969

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an abrupt loss of kidney function and severe AKI needs renal replacement therapeutic strategy and has high mortality. RA-XII is a natural cyclopeptide, isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Rubia yunnanensis, exerting anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor activities. The present study aimed to explore the effects of RA-XII on LPS-induced ACI and the underlying molecular mechanism in TCMK-1 cells in vitro.

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Feb
2018

Drug-induced calculi represent 1-2% of all renal calculi. The drugs reported to produce calculi may be divided into two groups. The first one includes poorly soluble drugs with high urine excretion that favour crystallisation in the urine.

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Dec
1969

Cardiovascular disease is the most frequent cause of morbidity and mortality in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients, often before the onset of renal failure, and the pathogenetic mechanism is not yet well elucidated. The aim of the study was to identify early and noninvasive markers of cardiovascular risk in young ADPKD patients, in the early stages of disease.
A total of 26 patients with ADPKD and 24 control group, matched for age and sex, were enrolled, and we have assessed inflammatory indexes, mineral metabolism, metabolic state and markers of atherosclerosis and endothelial dysfunction (carotid intima media thickness (IMT), ankle brachial index (ABI), flow mediated dilation (FMD), renal resistive index (RRI), left ventricular mass index (LVMI)) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET), maximal O2 uptake (V'O2max), and O2 uptake at lactic acid threshold (V'O2@LT).

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Nov
2017

Recent advances on uric acid transporters.

Oncotarget 2017 Nov 10;8(59):100852-100862. Epub 2017 Aug 10.
Liuqing Xu, Yingfeng Shi, Shougang Zhuang, Na Liu
Uric acid is the product of purine metabolism and its increased levels result in hyperuricemia. A number of epidemiological reports link hyperuricemia with multiple disorders, such as kidney diseases, cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. Recent studies also showed that expression and functional changes of urate transporters are associated with hyperuricemia.

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Nov
2017

The literature reports that the health benefits of vegetable oil can be deteriorated by repeated heating, which leads to lipid oxidation and the formation of free radicals. Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is emerging as a functional food oil and its health benefits are attributed to its potent polyphenolic compounds. We investigated the beneficial effect of VCO supplementation on lipid profile, liver and kidney markers in rats fed repeatedly heated palm kernel oil (HPO).

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Dec
2017

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a common chronic microvascular complication and the major cause of death in diabetic patients. This study was conceived to explore the possible mechanisms of how hyperuricemia and obesity contribute to renal function impairment in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients. A cross-sectional study in 609 participants recruited from a T2DM population in North China was conducted.

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Dec
1969

Prehypertension frequently progresses to hypertension, a condition associated with high morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases and stroke. However, the risk factors for developing hypertension from prehypertension remain poorly understood. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using the data from 3584 prehypertensive Japanese adults (52.

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Nov
2017

This study investigated the effects of alprostadil combined with calcium dobesilate on the treatment of diabetic nephropathy. We recruited 80 patients with diabetic nephropathy, who were randomly divided into experimental (n=40) and control (n=40) groups. Patients received high-quality low-protein diabetic diet intervention and subcutaneous injection of insulin to adjust blood glucose, combined with antihypertensive, antiplatelet drugs, and other comprehensive treatments.

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Feb
2018

To determine the characteristics of patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) who have hyperuricemia (HUC) and their outcomes, especially cardiovascular (CVD) and kidney diseases.
Patients have been followed prospectively at the PsA clinic according to a standard protocol at 6- to 12-month intervals. We defined HUC in men > 450mol/l or women > 360mol/l.

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Nov
2017

The high consumption of fat and sugar contributes to the development of obesity and co-morbidities, such as diabetes, and cardiovascular and kidney diseases. Different strategies have been used to prevent these diseases associated with obesity, such as changes in eating habits and/or the addition of dietary components with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties, such as gamma-oryzanol (γOz) present mainly in bran layers and rice germ.
Animals were randomly divided into four experimental groups and fed ad libitum for 20 weeks with control diet (C,= 8), control diet + γOz (C + γOz,= 8), high-sugar and high-fat diet (HSF,= 8), and high-sugar and high-fat diet + γOz (HSF + γOz,= 8).

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Dec
1969

Hereditary mutations in Tamm-Horsfall protein (THP/uromodulin) gene cause autosomal dominant kidney diseases characterized by juvenile-onset hyperuricemia, gout and progressive kidney failure, although the disease pathogenesis remains unclear. Here we show that targeted expression in transgenic mice of a mutation within the domain of 8 cysteines of THP in kidneys' thick ascending limb (TAL) caused unfolded protein response in younger (1-month old) mice and apoptosis in older (12-month old) mice. While the young mice had urine concentration defects and polyuria, such defects progressively reversed in the older mice to marked oliguria, highly concentrated urine, fibrotic kidneys and reduced creatinine clearance.

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Nov
2017

Though efficacious and affordable treatments for gout are widely available, gout is still not well controlled in many countries of the world including China.To investigate patient adherence to gout management recommendations and potential barriers in Chinese male gout patients, a survey was carried out by telephone interview in male patients registered in the gout clinic at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Adherence to dietary and medication recommendations was measured by a food frequency questionnaire and proportion of cumulative time adherent to chemical urate-lowering therapy (ULT), respectively.

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Dec
1969

Risk factor studies for acute kidney injury (AKI) in China are lacking, especially those regarding non-traditional risk factors, such as laboratory indicators.
All adult patients admitted to 38 tertiary and 22 secondary hospitals in China in any one month between July and December 2014 were surveyed. AKI patients were screened according to the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes' definition of AKI.

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Nov
2017

High altitude renal syndrome has been described in populations with excessive erythrocytosis. We evaluated whether high altitude (HA) dwellers might be at increased risk for kidney disease.
We performed a cross-sectional study to investigate differences in prevalence of kidney function and metabolic syndrome in healthy subjects living at HA vs.

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Nov
2017

Uric acid nephropathy (UAN) is caused by excessive uric acid, and is a key risk factor for uric acid nephrolithiasis, gouty arthritis, renal diseases and cardiovascular diseases. The present study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of fucoidan, a sulfated polysaccharide component of brown algae, on UAN and to elucidate the underlying molecular mechanism. A rat model of UAN was induced by adenine treatment, and rats were then randomly assigned to control, model or fucoidan treatment groups.

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Nov
2017

Pediatric urolithiasis remains endemic in low-resource countries where infants constitute 17-40% of all children with urolithiasis. This study reports socio-economic factors, medical history and chemical composition of urinary stones in 976 infants of up to 2 years of age. Between 1992 and 2016, 976 infants presented to our institute with 1038 stones.

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Dec
1969

The effects of uric acid-lowering therapy in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remain uncertain. Therefore, we undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the effects of uric acid-lowering agents on major clinical outcomes of CKD.
According to the pre-specified protocol that was registered with PROSPERO (No.

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Nov
2017

The study aimed to explore the prophylactic effect of melatonin, rowatinex; a naturally occurring renal drug, and its combination on diabetic nephropathy in type 2 diabetic rats. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of a single dose of streptozotocin (50 mg/g body weight). Three days before diabetes induction, rats were daily treated with melatonin, rowatinex and their combination continuously for 8 weeks.

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Sep
2017

ABO blood group antigens have been reported to be associated with inflammation and infections which have been largely implicated in the onset and progression of immune-mediated diseases. This study aimed to evaluate the association between ABO blood group and progression of IgA nephropathy (IgAN). We retrospectively enrolled 919 biopsy-proven IgAN patients with a minimum follow-up of 1 year and eGFR≥15ml/min/1.

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Dec
1969

Although asymptomatic hyperuricemia is rather often in laboratory reports, it cannot be considered a disease. Despite the high prevalence of hyperuricemia in patients with arterial hypertension (AH), chronic kidney disease (CKD), cardiovascular disease (CVD) or metabolic syndrome, hyperuricemia is not confirmed as a causative factor of these disorders. The aim is to point to the latest studies of the importance of urate as a possible cardiorenal risk factor.

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Oct
2017

Although 85% of patients with univentricular heart after Fontan procedure survive twenty years after operation, the procedure alone seems to be an inadequate treatment as a permanent clinical solution. Patients with a "Fontan physiology" additionally have to face a various extra-cardiac complications, including thyroid, liver and kidney dysfunction, which are not only potentially life-threatening, but also can potentiate the circulatory insufficiency.
The aim of the study was to assess a multiorgan dysfunction in adult patients after Fontan operation in long term follow-up and compare to healthy controls.

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Dec
1969

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a hepatic manifestation or precursor of metabolic syndrome, may increase nephrolithiasis, a renal manifestation of insulin resistance, but the prospective association between NAFLD and incident nephrolithiasis has not been evaluated. We examined the association of NAFLD with the development of nephrolithiasis in a large cohort of Korean men and women.
We performed a cohort study of 208,578 Korean adults who underwent a health checkup examination between January 2002 and December 2014 and were followed-up annually or biennially through December 2014.

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Dec
2016

To observe changes of urinary microprotein, and serum creatinine, urea nitrogen and uric acid levels in focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) rats treated by mild moxibustion, so as to explore the mechanism of moxibustion underlying improvement of FSGS.
SD rats were randomized into normal control (normal), sham operation (sham), model, medication (Losartan), moxibustion-Shenshu (BL 23) and moxibustion-Geshu (BL 17) groups. The latter two moxibustion groups were further divided into 10 min, 20 min and 30 min subgroups (=6 in each group/subgroups).

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Oct
2017

Several epidemiological studies have demonstrated the existence of a correlation between high serum uric acid (SUA) levels, hypertension, and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Xantine oxidase inhibitors (XOI) are the most powerful uric acid lowering drugs, with presumed beneficial effects on cardiovascular and renal system. The multifactorial mechanism linking hyperuricemia with cardiovascular and renal diseases involves both the SUA level and the xanthine oxidase (XO) activity.

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Sep
2017

Hypertriglyceridemia is one of lipid metabolism abnormalities; however, it is still debatable whether serum uric acid is a cause or a consequence of hypertriglyceridemia. We performed the study to investigate the longitudinal association between serum uric acid levels and hypertriglyceridemia.
The study included 4190 subjects without hypertriglyceridemia.

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