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Author: Adelheid Kuhlmey (33)


Dec
1969

To test whether the negative relationship between perceived stress and quality of life (Hypothesis 1) can be buffered by perceived social support in patients with dementia as well as in caregivers individually (Hypothesis 2: actor effects) and across partners (Hypothesis 3: partner effects and actor-partner effects).
A total of 108 couples (N = 216 individuals) comprised of one individual with early-stage dementia and one caregiving partner were assessed at baseline and one month apart. Moderation effects were investigated by applying linear mixed models and actor-partner interdependence models.

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Feb
2018

[Model study programs in medicine : Innovations in medical education in Hamburg and Berlin].

Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz 2018 Feb;61(2):132-140
Andreas H Guse, Adelheid Kuhlmey
Medical science is constantly evolving. Teaching and training must keep pace with these innovations and react in a flexible fashion to new requirements. Model medical education programs, which are governed by the provisions of Sect.

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Oct
2017

Multimorbidity in centenarians is common; although investigations of the prevalence of morbidity in centenarians are accumulating, research on profiles of co-occurrence of morbidities is still sparse. Our aim was to explore profiles of comorbidities in centenarians.
Health insurance data from 1,121 centenarians comprising inpatient and outpatient diagnoses from the past 5 years (2009-2013) were analyzed using latent class analysis with adjustments for sex, age, hospitalization, and long-term care.

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Jun
2017

While compression of morbidity has now been studied in multiple cohorts, we hypothesize that centenarians might also have fewer chronic conditions as well. We assume that individuals who die as centenarians have less comorbidities and have a less steep rise of the number of comorbidities over the final years before death compared to those who died as nonagenarians (90-99 years) or octogenarians (80-89 years of age).
This German cohort study used health insurance data.

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Oct
2017

The aim of this paper is to identify systematic differences due to sociodemographic and health-related determinants in outpatient healthcare utilisation and access in Germany for the period from 2006 to 2016. The study focuses on frequent users and those reporting particularly long wait times for their physician appointments, and it contributes to assessing the level of health equity in Germany.
The investigation draws on nine population surveys conducted by the German National Association of Statutory Health Insurance Physicians (NASHIP), which interviewed 42,925 respondents aged 18 and above.

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Jul
2017

In the first part of this article a comprehensive understanding of political advice is explicated. In this context reference is made to the value judgement dispute in German sociology and a differentiation between an enlightening and a critical function of scientific policy advice. Development of social scientific policy advice is considered against the background of the distinction between technocratic, decisionistic and pragmatic models of counseling.

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Jun
2017

In patients with early-stage dementia and their caregiving partners, reciprocal dyadic coping (DC) is crucial for preventing or reducing depressive symptoms in both partners. This study examines the relationships between 'own DC' and 'perceived partner DC' with depressive symptoms in couples coping with dementia on individual (actor effects) and cross-person (partner effects) levels.
164 individuals (82 patients with early-stage dementia and their 82 caregiving partners; N= 82 dyads) participated in this prospective study with measures (DC, depressive symptoms, and dementia severity) taken at baseline and at six months.

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Apr
2017

Chronic conditions are an increasing challenge for individuals and the health care system. Smartphones and health apps are potentially promising tools to change health-related behaviors and manage chronic conditions.
The aim of this study was to explore (1) the extent of smartphone and health app use, (2) sociodemographic, medical, and behavioral correlates of smartphone and health app use, and (3) associations of the use of apps and app characteristics with actual health behaviors.

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Sep
2017

The study explores the association between sex and care dependency risk one year after stroke.
The study uses claims data from a German statutory health insurance fund. Patients were included if they received a diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke between 1 January and 31 December 2007 and if they survived for one year after stroke and were not dependent on care before the event (n = 1851).

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Nov
2017

there is limited data comparing conditions and health service use across care settings in centenarians. To improve health service delivery in centenarians, the aim of this study was to compare the proportion of centenarians who have chronic conditions, take medication and use health care services across different care settings.
this cohort study uses routine data from a major health insurance company serving Berlin, Germany and the surrounding region, containing almost complete information on health care transactions.

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Jan
2017

The population of centenarians has grown immensely in Germany but has yet hardly been considered in research on dying and death. Due to their very old age centenarians are especially intensively confronted with the challenge of the end of life.
The aim of this study was to analyze how centenarians handle the existential challenge of the end of life and which aspects are especially significant for them.

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Dec
2016

The aim of this study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of a health knowledge test on common chronic conditions in the general population.
Operationalization based on a facet design led to 108 knowledge items on six conditions: cardiovascular disease, cancer, respiratory diseases, musculoskeletal system conditions, depression, and chronic pain. We refined the items (qualitative study 1; N=20) and selected the items by applying a mixed Rasch model (study 2; N=861).

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Oct
2015

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of age on care dependency risk 1 year after stroke. Two research questions are addressed: (1) How strong is the association between age and care dependency risk 1 year after stroke and (2) can this association be explained by burden of disease?
The study is based on claims data from a German statutory health insurance fund. The study population was drawn from all continuously insured members with principal diagnoses of ischaemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, or transient ischaemic attack in 2007 who survived for 1 year after stroke and who were not dependent on care before their first stroke (n = 2864).

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Oct
2015

In medical education, the effect of the educational environment on student achievement has primarily been investigated in comparisons between traditional and problem-based learning (PBL) curricula. As many of these studies have reached no clear conclusions on the superiority of the PBL approach, the effect of curricular reform on student performance remains an issue. We employed a theoretical framework that integrates antecedents of student achievement from various psychosocial domains to examine how students interact with their curricular environment.

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Aug
2015

Initial sporadic experiences in a Berlin nursing home showed that residents with dementia responded well to activating therapy with tablet computers. This innovative technology seemed to provide a differentiated and individual therapeutic access. These observations encouraged the nursing home management to contact the Institute of Medical Sociology and Rehabilitation Science at the Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin with the aim to examine the practical experiences.

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Dec
2014

A fundamental aim of social science and for practitioners is the improvement of the quality of life of inpatients residing in long term care homes. Health, as a vital part of quality of life, gains in subjective importance with rising age.
This paper aims to analyse the aspects of «Intact mental abilities» and "Mobility" thorough in terms of the subjective quality of life of nursing home residents.

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Dec
2013

In the aging population of Germany the consequences of Dementia for the society and the health care sector are complex and solutions require a multidisciplinary approach. The aim of the two-day interdisciplinary expert conference was to consider dementia from different perspectives, to identify dementia-related problems and to discuss integrative solutions under consideration of complementary therapies. In different working groups the experts developed solutions and recommendations with regards to political need, health care and future research priorities.

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Mar
2014

The appropriateness of existing quality of life (QoL) instruments in small-scale, homelike care facilities for people with dementia is as yet unknown. This study evaluated the psychometric properties of three QoL instruments in German shared-housing arrangements (SHA).
A cross-sectional study was conducted in 36 SHA in Berlin to evaluate the acceptability, internal consistency, and validity (construct, convergent, and discriminant) of three QoL instruments: Alzheimer's Disease Related Quality of Life (ADRQL), Quality of Life-Alzheimer's Diseases (QoL-AD), and measuring QUAlity of LIfe in DEMentia (QUALIDEM).

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Dec
2013

The growing importance of residential nursing care has been accompanied by an increasing demand for instruments measuring quality of life in nursing homes. Quality of life is a complex construct with both subjective and objective aspects that does not lend itself to being determined by a single measure. The aim of this study was therefore to identify dimensions of life that nursing home residents perceive as having a particular impact on their overall quality of life.

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Oct
2012

Patient complaints about the health care system and medical services are regarded as indicators of shortcomings in health care systems. This article examines the topics of complaint raised most frequently and analyzes which groups of persons were most affected.
Quantitative content analysis using a category system.

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Dec
1969

Quality of life (QoL) is a major outcome parameter in dementia care. Self-ratings are considered the best way to evaluate QoL, but staff-ratings also provide valid results. In particular, the discrepancies between self-ratings and staff-ratings are underrepresented.

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Dec
1969

Shared-housing arrangements (SHA) in Germany are a specific type of housing arrangement that belongs to the global concept of small-scale living arrangements. This caring approach comprises characteristics of both home and institutional care for persons with dementia. To evaluate the impact of SHA on the quality of life (QoL) of residents, an appropriate setting- and dementia-specific QoL instrument is needed.

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May
2011

New therapeutic strategies in muscular dystrophies will make a difference in prognosis only if they are begun early in the course of the disease. Therefore, we investigated factors that influence the time to diagnosis in muscle dystrophy patients.
A sample of 101 patients (mean age 49 years; range 19-80; 44% women) with diagnosed muscle dystrophies from neurological practices and the neuromuscular specialty clinic in Berlin, Germany, was invited to participate.

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Jan
2011

The current use of inappropriate medication in elderly nursing home residents (NHRs) in Germany is unclear. We therefore set out to analyse the frequency and patterns of potentially inappropriate drug prescriptions in elderly NHRs in Germany.
We utilised prescription data for NHRs 65 years or older from a large German health insurance company during a period of 3 months.

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Sep
2010

We describe theoretical background, development, and piloting of a measure for quality of life in older adults that specifically takes into account the subjective perspective. Although quality of life is usually subjectively assessed, normative thresholds for "the good life" are most often set by a third party. The new tool FLQM asks for respondents to name, rate, and weight those domains in life that are most important for their life-satisfaction solely from their own point of view.

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Aug
2008

Communication is a key competence for medical and nursing health care providers alike. However, there appear to be areas of "speechlessness" regarding specific medical problems, including the "taboo" disease incontinence. There is a lack of scientific data regarding incontinence in the context of communication among patients and health care professionals.

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Apr
2008

The recent reform act on long-term care insurance includes plans for the establishment of Community Care Access Centers. This paper addresses chances and challenges of these centers and proposes some important steps for program development.

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Dec
1969

The present contribution discusses the utilization of the healthcare system by elderly patients in Germany. First, the paper focuses on the detailed characterization of a group of people aged 60 years or more (N = 73,454). Second, the objective is to analyze the data for high utilization of healthcare services by older men and women.

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Dec
2003

In view of the demographic development the topic of "Nursing of elderly relatives" is gaining more and more importance within nursing research. The object of the investigation described in this paper was to assess the measures of the Pflegeversicherung [Long Term Care Insurance] with regard to its effects on care-giving daughters. This publication assesses one of the questions of the study--what part professional services play in the support of care-giving daughters.

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