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Author: Ahmad Almilaji (30)


Dec
1969

Blood platelets are activated by increase of cytosolic Ca2+ activity ([Ca2+]i). Ca2+ entry is accomplished in part by store operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) involving Ca2+ release activated Ca2+-channel (CRAC) moiety Orai1 and its regulator STIM1, which are stimulated by depletion of intracellular Ca2+ stores. An increase of [Ca2+]i is terminated by Na+/Ca2+-exchange.

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May
2015

TGFβ is a powerful regulator of megakaryocyte maturation and platelet formation. As previously shown for other cell types, TGFβ may up-regulate the expression of the serum & glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK1, an effect requiring p38 kinase. SGK1 has in turn recently been shown to participate in the regulation of cytosolic Ca(2+) activity ([Ca(2+)]i) in megakaryocytes and platelets.

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May
2015

The active form of vitamin D, 1,25(OH)₂D₃, is a powerful regulator of cytosolic Ca(2+)-concentration ([Ca(2+)]i) in a variety of cell types. The formation of 1,25(OH)₂D₃ is inhibited by FGF23, an effect requiring presence of klotho. 1,25(OH)₂D₃ plasma levels are excessive in klotho-deficient mice (kl/kl).

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Apr
2015

The janus-activated kinase 2 JAK2 participates in the signalling of several hormones including interferon, a powerful regulator of lymphocyte function. Lymphocyte activity and survival depend on the activity of the voltage-gated K(+) channel KCNA3 (Kv1.3).

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May
2015

Gene variants of the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) are associated with susceptibility to Parkinson's disease (PD). Besides brain and periphery, LRRK2 is expressed in various immune cells including dendritic cells (DCs), antigen-presenting cells linking innate and adaptive immunity. However, the function of LRRK2 in the immune system is still incompletely understood.

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Dec
1969

Klotho, a protein mainly produced in the kidney and released into circulating blood, contributes to the negative regulation of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation and is thus a powerful regulator of mineral metabolism. As β-glucuronidase, alpha Klotho protein further regulates the stability of several carriers and channels in the plasma membrane and thus regulates channel and transporter activity. Accordingly, alpha Klotho protein participates in the regulation of diverse functions seemingly unrelated to mineral metabolism including lymphocyte function.

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Dec
1969

The transmembrane Klotho protein contributes to inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation. The extracellular domain of Klotho protein could function as an enzyme with e.g.

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Apr
2015

Parvovirus B19 (B19V) has previously been shown to cause endothelial dysfunction. B19V capsid protein VP1 harbors a lysophosphatidylcholine producing phospholipase A2 (PLA2). Lysophosphatidylcholine inhibits Na(+)/K(+) ATPase, which in turn may impact on the activity of inwardly rectifying K(+) channels.

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Dec
1969

The antiaging protein of Klotho is a transmembrane protein mainly expressed in the kidney, parathyroid glands and choroid plexus of the brain. The Klotho protein exists in two forms, a full-length membrane form and a soluble secreted form. The extracellular domain of Klotho can be enzymatically cleaved off and released into the systemic circulation where it acts as β-glucuronidase and a hormone.

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Aug
2014

Parvovirus B19 (B19V) can cause inflammatory cardiomyopathy and endothelial dysfunction. Pathophysiological mechanisms involved include lysophosphatidylcholine producing phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity of the B19V capsid protein VP1. Most recently, VP1 and lysophosphatidylcholine have been shown to inhibit Na(+)/K(+) ATPase.

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Jun
2014

The iberiotoxin-sensitive large conductance voltage- and Ca(2+)-activated potassium (BK) channels (maxi-K(+)-channels) hyperpolarize the cell membrane thus supporting Ca(2+) entry through Ca(2+)-release activated Ca(2+) channels. Janus kinase-2 (JAK2) has been identified as novel regulator of ion transport. To explore whether JAK2 participates in the regulation of BK channels, cRNA encoding Ca(2+)-insensitive BK channels (BK(M513I+Δ899-903)) was injected into Xenopus oocytes with or without cRNA encoding wild-type JAK2, gain-of-function (V617F)JAK2, or inactive (K882E)JAK2.

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Dec
1969

The serum & glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK3, an ubiquitously expressed serine/threonine kinase, regulates a variety of ion channels. It has previously been shown that SGK3 upregulates the outwardly rectifying K(+) channel KV11.1, which is expressed in cardiomyocytes.

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Dec
1969

The protein kinase Akt2/PKBβ is a known regulator of macrophage and dendritic cell (DC) migration. The mechanisms linking Akt2 activity to migration remained, however, elusive. DC migration is governed by Ca(2+) signaling.

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Dec
1969

Human ether-a-go-go related-gene K⁺ channels (hERG) participate in the regulation of tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis. HERG channel activity is up-regulated by growth factors. Kinases sensitive to growth factor signaling include the serine/threonine protein kinase B-RAF.

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Dec
1969

Klotho is a transmembrane protein expressed primarily in kidney, parathyroid gland, and choroid plexus. The extracellular domain could be cleaved off and released into the systemic circulation. Klotho is in part effective as β-glucuronidase regulating protein stability in the cell membrane.

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Dec
1969

The Na(+)-coupled phosphate transporter NaPi-IIa is the main carrier accomplishing renal tubular phosphate reabsorption. It is driven by the electrochemical Na(+) gradient across the apical cell membrane, which is maintained by Na(+) extrusion across the basolateral cell membrane through the Na(+)/K(+) ATPase. The operation of NaPi-IIa thus requires energy in order to avoid cellular Na(+) accumulation and K(+) loss with eventual decrease of cell membrane potential, Cl(-) entry and cell swelling.

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Dec
1969

The serine/threonine kinase Tau-tubulin-kinase 2 (TTBK2) is expressed in various tissues including kidney, liver and brain. Loss of function mutations of TTBK2 lead to autosomal dominant spinocerebellar ataxia type 11 (SCA11). Cell survival is fostered by cellular accumulation of organic osmolytes.

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Dec
1969

Klotho, a transmembrane protein, which can be cleaved off as β-glucuronidase and hormone, is released in both, kidney and choroid plexus and encountered in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Klotho deficiency leads to early appearance of age-related disorders and premature death. Klotho may modify transport by inhibiting 1,25(OH)2D3 formation or by directly affecting channel and carrier proteins.

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Nov
2013

The Na(+)-coupled glucose transporter SGLT1 (SLC5A1) accomplishes concentrative cellular glucose uptake even at low extracellular glucose concentrations. The carrier is expressed in renal proximal tubules, small intestine and a variety of nonpolarized cells including several tumor cells. The present study explored whether SGLT1 activity is regulated by caveolin-1, which is known to regulate the insertion of several ion channels and carriers in the cell membrane.

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Dec
1969

Human ether-a-go-go (hERG) channels contribute to cardiac repolarization and participate in the regulation of tumor cell proliferation. Mutations in hERG channels may cause long QT syndrome and sudden cardiac death due to ventricular arrhythmias. HERG channel activity is up-regulated by the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase isoforms SGK1 and SGK3.

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Nov
2013

Besides their role in cardiac repolarization, human ether-a-go-go-related gene potassium (hERG) channels are expressed in several tumor cells including rhabdomyosarcoma cells. The channels foster cell proliferation. Ubiquitously expressed AMP-dependent protein kinase (AMPK) is a serine-/threonine kinase, stimulating energy-generating and inhibiting energy-consuming processes thereby helping cells survive periods of energy depletion.

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Dec
1969

Janus-activated kinase-2 JAK2 participates in the signaling of several hormones including growth hormone, fosters tumor growth and modifies the activity of several Na(+) coupled nutrient transporters. Peptide uptake into intestinal and tumor cells is accomplished by electrogenic peptide transporters PEPT1 and PEPT2. The present study thus explored whether JAK2 contributes to the regulation of PEPT1 and PEPT2 activity.

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Dec
1969

Human parvovirus B19 (B19V) may cause inflammatory cardiomyopathy (iCMP) which is accompanied by endothelial dysfunction. The B19V capsid protein VP1 contains a lysophosphatidylcholine producing phospholipase A2 (PLA) sequence. Lysophosphatidylcholine has in turn been shown to inhibit Na(+)/K(+) ATPase.

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Jun
2013

Klotho, a hormone and enzyme, is a powerful regulator of ageing and life span. Klotho deficiency leads to cardiac arrythmia and sudden cardiac death. We thus explored whether klotho modifies cardiac K(+)-channel hERG.

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Mar
2013

The inward rectifier K⁺ channel Kir2.1 contributes to the maintenance of the resting cell membrane potential in excitable cells. Loss of function mutations of KCNJ2 encoding Kir2.

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Feb
2013

The 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated serine/threonine protein kinase (AMPK) is stimulated by energy depletion, increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) activity, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide. AMPK participates in the regulation of the epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC and the voltage-gated K(+) channel KCNE1/KCNQ1. It is partially effective by decreasing PIP(2) formation through the PI3K pathway.

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Dec
1969

The oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1 (OSR1) participates in the WNK-(with no K) kinase dependent regulation of renal salt excretion and blood pressure. Little is known, however, about the role of OSR1 in the regulation of further renal transport systems. The present study analyzed the effect of OSR1 on NaPiIIa, the major renal tubular phosphate transporter.

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Jun
2012

The myoinositol transporter SMIT (SLC5A3) and the betaine/γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter BGT1 (SLC6A12) accomplish cellular accumulation of organic osmolytes and thus contribute to cell volume regulation. Challenges of cell volume constancy include energy depletion, which compromises the function of the Na(+)/K(+) ATPase leading to cellular Na(+) accumulation and subsequent cell swelling. Energy depletion is sensed by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK).

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May
2012

The serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is stimulated by insulin, growth factors and nutrients and confers survival of several cell types. The kinase has previously been shown to stimulate amino acid uptake. In neurons, the cellular uptake of glutamate by the excitatory amino-acid transporters (EAATs) decreases excitation and thus confers protection against excitotoxicity.

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