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Author: Alisha McLoughlin (4)


Mar
2017

Blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption constitutes a hallmark event during pathogen-mediated neurological disorders such as bacterial meningitis. As a prevalent opportunistic pathogen, Staphylococcus aureus (SA) is of particular interest in this context, although our fundamental understanding of how SA disrupts the BBB is very limited. This paper employs in vitro infection models to address this.

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Feb
2016

The co-involvement of tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) during blood-brain barrier (BBB) injury has been reported in various models of neuroinflammation, although the precise functional interplay between these archetypal proinflammatory cytokines remains largely undefined within this context. In the current paper, we tested the hypothesis that TNF-α-mediated BBB disruption is measurably attributable in-part to induction of microvascular endothelial IL-6 production. In initial experiments, we observed that treatment of human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMvECs) with TNF-α (0-100 ng/mL, 0-24 h) robustly elicited both time- and dose-dependent induction of IL-6 expression and release, as well as expression of the IL-6 family receptor, GP130.

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Oct
2015

The regulatory interplay between laminar shear stress and proinflammatory cytokines during homeostatic maintenance of the brain microvascular endothelium is largely undefined. We hypothesized that laminar shear could counteract the injurious actions of proinflammatory cytokines on human brain microvascular endothelial cell (HBMvEC) barrier properties, in-part through suppression of cellular redox signaling. For these investigations, HBMvECs were exposed to either shear stress (8 dynes/cm(2), 24 hours) or cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) or interleukin-6 (IL-6), 0 to 100 ng/mL, 6 or 18 hours).

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Dec
1969

Thrombomodulin (TM), an integral membrane glycoprotein expressed on the lumenal surface of vascular endothelial cells, promotes anti-coagulant and anti-inflammatory properties. Release of functional TM from the endothelium surface into plasma has also been reported. Much is still unknown however about how endothelial TM is regulated by physiologic hemodynamic forces (and particularly cyclic strain) intrinsic to endothelial-mediated vascular homeostasis.

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