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Author: Angela Milazzo (11)


Feb
2017

Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor, usually benign, potentially lethal in case of crisis with acute release of catecholamines. The heart is a target and the clinical presentation can mimic various cardiac conditions, thus rendering diagnosis elusive. Cardiac magnetic resonance is a valuable non-invasive diagnostic tool for the evaluation of cardiomyopathies; it allows the identification of catecholamine-induced myocarditis pattern and, in some cases, it can detect the primary tumor.

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Mar
2017

The presence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with acute myocarditis (AM). Aim of our study was to quantify the changes in LGE extension (LGE%) early after AM and evaluate its relations with biventricular function and morphology.
We investigated 76 consecutive patients with AM (acute onset of chest pain/heart failure/ventricular arrhythmias not explained by other causes, and raised troponin) that met CMR criteria based on myocardial oedema at T2-weighted images and LGE on post-contrast images at median time of 6days from onset of symptoms.

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Feb
2017

The aim of the present study was to assess the association of the presence and amount of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with cardiovascular adverse events in patients with orthotopic heart transplantation (HTx).
We enrolled 48 patients (mean age, 54.7 ± 14.

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Jul
2016

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is an uncommon cause of right ventricular dilation. It may be difficult to identify and often remains undiagnosed.
We reviewed the database of the Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Laboratory of Niguarda Hospital, in order to identify the cases of PAPVR between 2008 and 2014.

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Apr
2017

Type 1 Gaucher disease (GD1) is the most common lysosomal disorder, characterized by the accumulation of beta-glucocerebroside into the macrophages of several organs. Cardiac involvement is rare and referred to as restrictive cardiomyopathy, pulmonary hypertension, and calcifications of the valves and the aortic arch.
To assess the cardiovascular status by cardiac magnetic resonance, including evaluation of tissue characterization, in GD1 patients.

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Apr
2017

The aim of this study was to compare myocardial T2* assessment with region-based (RB) T2* multiecho technique (CMRtools) with the pixel-wise (PW) inline myocardial T2* mapping (Siemens) in patients with thalassemia major for myocardial iron characterization.
Forty-three thalassemia major patients were examined on a 1.5-T scanner using conventional gradient multiecho sequence.

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Sep
2012

Heart failure due to myocardial iron overload remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in adult thalassemia major (TM) patients. We evaluated the removal of cardiac iron and the changes of cardiac function by different iron chelation in TM patients by T2* cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Sixty-seven TM patients (27 males/40 females; mean age, 35 ± 6 years) on different chelation regimens underwent T2* CMR at baseline (t (0)), after 6-14 months (t (1)) and after 32 ± 7 months (t (2)).

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Jan
2011

The clinical presentation of pheochromocytoma is variable and many biochemical and imaging methods have been suggested to improve the diagnostic accuracy of what has been termed "the great masquerader". This case-report is of a middle-aged woman with a non-specific clinical presentation suggesting acute coronary syndrome or subacute myocarditis. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) at presentation showed myocardial edema and intramyocardial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE).

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Jan
2003

To examine the effects of dobutamine on pulsed-Doppler left ventricular filling indices and its utility for evaluation of CAD we studied 14 patients with normal coronary arteries (Group 1) and 39 patients with significant CAD (>70% diameter stenosis). Patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) were divided into two groups: patients with one-vessel coronary disease (Group 2); and those with multivessel CAD (Group 3). After stopping cardioactive treatment, patients underwent incremental dobutamine stress (5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 microg/kg/min) during pulsed-Doppler interrogation of diastolic filling with simultaneous heart rate and blood pressure measurements.

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Nov
2002

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is a risk factor for aortic dissection and aneurysm. We studied patients with BAV and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) to evaluate long-term changes in the ascending aorta after aortic valve replacement (AVR).
One hundred consecutive patients were allocated into two groups according to the presence of BAV (group A, 50 patients) or TAV (group B, 50 patients).

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