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Author: Aude Robert (8)


Feb
2018

Thirty analogues of natural meiogynin A, a pan-Bcl-2 inhibitor, were prepared in order to elaborate cytotoxic compounds on specific cancer cells overexpressing one or more proteins of the Bcl-2 family. The interaction of all the new analogues with Bcl-xL, Mcl-1 and Bcl-2 proteins was first evaluated by fluorescence polarization assay (FPA) and showed that modulation of the lateral chain has a dramatic impact as subtle changes significantly modify the activity on the target proteins. The acetoxymethyl prodrugs of the two most active compounds were then elaborated to determine their cytotoxicity on B cell lines.

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Feb
2018

The globotriaosylceramide Gb3 is a glycosphingolipid expressed on a subpopulation of germinal center B lymphocytes which has been recognized as the B cell differentiation antigen CD77. Among tumoral cell types, Gb3/CD77 is strongly expressed in Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells as well as other solid tumors including breast, testicular and ovarian carcinomas. One known ligand of Gb3/CD77 is Verotoxin-1 (VT-1), a Shiga toxin produced in specific E.

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Jan
2018

The Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen leader protein (EBNA-LP) acts as a co-activator of EBNA-2, a transcriptional activator essential for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced B-cell transformation. Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells harboring a mutant EBV strain that lacks both the EBNA-2 gene and 3' exons of EBNA-LP express Y1Y2-truncated isoforms of EBNA-LP (tEBNA-LP) and better resist apoptosis than if infected with the wild-type virus. In such BL cells, tEBNA-LP interacts with the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) catalytic subunit (PP2A C), and this interaction likely plays a role in resistance to apoptosis.

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Sep
2016

This paper reports on Task 2 of the 2016 CLEF eHealth evaluation lab which extended the previous information extraction tasks of ShARe/CLEF eHealth evaluation labs. The task continued with named entity recognition and normalization in French narratives, as offered in CLEF eHealth 2015. Named entity recognition involved ten types of entities includingthat were defined according to Semantic Groups in the Unified Medical Language System(UMLS), which was also used for normalizing the entities.

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Dec
1969

The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with various lymphoproliferative disorders and lymphomas. We have previously demonstrated that treating wild-type TP53-expressing B cell lines with the TP53 pathway activator nutlin-3 induced apoptosis in EBV-negative and EBV-positive latency I cells whereas EBV-positive latency III cells remained much more apoptosis-resistant. Here, we report a constitutively high level of autophagy in these resistant cells which express high levels of the proautophagic protein BECN1/Beclin 1 based, at least in part, on the activation of the NFKB signaling pathway by the viral protein LMP1.

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Dec
1969

hTTLL12 is a member of the tubulin tyrosine ligase (TTL) family that is highly conserved in phylogeny. It has both SET-like and TTL-like domains, suggesting that it could have histone methylation and tubulin tyrosine ligase activities. Altered expression of hTTLL12 in human cells leads to specific changes in H4K20 trimethylation, and tubulin detyrosination, hTTLL12 does not catalyse histone methylation or tubulin tyrosination in vitro, as might be expected from the lack of critical amino acids in its SET-like and TTLL-like domains.

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Feb
2007

Loss of normal primary cilia function in mammals is linked to proliferative diseases, such as polycystic kidney disease, suggesting a regulatory relationship between cilia and cell cycle. The primary cilium expressed by most mammalian cells is nucleated from the elder centriole of the centrosome. The relationship between centrosome and cilia suggests that these structures share functions and components.

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May
2003

Polyploidy is a general physiological process indicative of terminal differentiation. During liver growth, this process generates the appearance of tetraploid (4n) and octoploid (8n) hepatocytes with one or two nuclei. The onset of polyploidy in the liver has been recognized for quite some time; however, the cellular mechanisms that govern it remain unknown.

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