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Author: Barbara Eppingstall (13)


Jul
2017

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and acceptability of a psychological intervention based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to improve symptoms of depression and anxiety among older adults living in long-term care.
Forty one residents aged between 63 and 97 years (M = 85.3 years) participated in this study.

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Apr
2016

Agitated behaviors and dysphoric moods in nursing home residents with dementia may be a response to a lack of personalized, meaningful activity and stimulation. To address this deficiency, a personal computer was adapted to play favorite music and display photographs, movies and messages that were selected or made by family members. The system (called Memory Box) is accompanied by a simplified interface to help people with dementia access material independently.

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Sep
2015

To investigate the language needs of residents of aged care facilities within the State of Victoria, Australia, and determine what language resources were accessible to them.
Postal questionnaires were sent to 586 aged care facilities, enquiring about residents' and staff members' languages and language-specific resources.
The response rate was 38%.

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Mar
2015

The aim of the current study was to explore why some individuals with dementia and agitated behavior showed limited response to a personalized intervention. Ten consistently agitated individuals (i.e.

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Apr
2014

The aim in this study was to identify specific aspects of care that increased satisfaction of family members of Greek and Italian residents with dementia in mainstream or ethno-specific aged care facilities in Australia. Relatives of 83 aged care residents with Greek or Italian backgrounds who were also cognitively impaired were interviewed. They rated their satisfaction with the facility and suggested improvements regarding the care provided.

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Nov
2013

Lavender essential oil shows evidence of sedative properties in neurophysiological and animal studies but clinical trials of its effectiveness as a treatment of agitation in people with dementia have shown mixed results. Study methods have varied widely, however, making comparisons hazardous. To help remedy previous methodological shortcomings, we delivered high grade lavender oil in specified amounts to nursing home residents whose agitated behaviours were recorded objectively.

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Apr
2013

Increasingly more attention has been paid to non-pharmacological interventions as treatment of agitated behaviors that accompany dementia. The aim of the current study is to test if personalized one-to-one interaction activities based on Montessori principles will improve agitation, affect, and engagement more than a relevant control condition.
We conducted a randomized crossover trial in nine residential facilities in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia (n = 44).

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Jan
2012

Following admission to a nursing home, the feelings of depression and burden that family carers may experience do not necessarily diminish. Additionally, they may experience feelings of guilt and grief for the loss of a previously close relationship. At the same time, individuals with dementia may develop symptoms of depression and agitation (BPSD) that may be related to changes in family relationships, social interaction and stimulation.

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May
2012

Older migrants with dementia and limited English language proficiency in residential care may have unmet needs for social interaction. This project compared verbal communication and prescribed psychiatric medication of Greek and Italian residents with dementia in ethno-specific and mainstream residential care.
Participants were 82 older Australians of Greek or Italian background who had been diagnosed with dementia and were residing in mainstream or ethno-specific care.

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Jul
2010

The agitated behaviours that accompany dementia (e.g. pacing, aggression, calling out) are stressful to both nursing home residents and their carers and are difficult to treat.

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Aug
2010

The cognitive side-effects of ECT are minimized by individualized, supra-threshold dosing with brief pulse electrical stimuli. Unilateral ECT is associated with fewer cognitive sequelae but bilateral ECT is possibly more effective. Little is known of the relative effectiveness and tolerability of the two placements in the treatment of elderly, severely depressed inpatients.

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Jun
2007

The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of two individualized psychosocial treatments in reducing the frequency of physically and verbally agitated behaviors in nursing home residents whose dementia was complicated by marked behavioral disturbance.
Thirty nursing home residents with frequent, severe behavioral disturbances were observed by research staff before, during, and after multiple, randomized, single-blind exposures to 15-minute audiotapes of simulated family presence (a conversation prepared by a family member about positive experiences from the past), music preferred by the resident in earlier life, and a placebo condition of a reading from a horticultural text. Selected (usually multiple) physical and verbal behaviors were counted as present or absent at regular intervals.

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