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Author: Betina Gardner (8)


Aug
2010

The cognitive side-effects of ECT are minimized by individualized, supra-threshold dosing with brief pulse electrical stimuli. Unilateral ECT is associated with fewer cognitive sequelae but bilateral ECT is possibly more effective. Little is known of the relative effectiveness and tolerability of the two placements in the treatment of elderly, severely depressed inpatients.

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Jun
2010

To check if experienced psychiatrists in Victoria, Australia, observed the standards outlined by the American Psychiatric Association and the Royal College of Psychiatrists regarding the administration and monitoring of continuation-maintenance electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
A retrospective chart review of 60 consecutive patients given continuation-maintenance ECT in 3 Victorian public aged psychiatry services.
Practice guidelines were often not observed concerning documentation of treatment plans, mental state reviews and patients' and carers' viewpoints.

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Jan
2010

We report on the outcomes in aged patients with severe, treatment-resistant depression or psychosis who were given ongoing outpatient continuation-maintenance ECT of varying duration to prevent remission and relapse following a successful course of acute ECT.
A retrospective chart review of 58 consecutive patients of three Australian aged psychiatry services comparing the number and length of psychiatric admissions before and after the start of continuation-maintenance ECT.
Four patients had only one treatment and two received over 50 (mean 14.

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Apr
2009

This paper provides a systematic review of selected experimental studies of the effectiveness of psychosocial treatments in reducing psychological symptoms in dementia (e.g. anxiety, depression, irritability and social withdrawal).

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Apr
2009

To provide a systematic review of selected experimental studies of psychosocial treatments of behavioral disturbances in dementia. Psychosocial treatments are defined here as strategies derived from one of three psychologically oriented paradigms (learning theory, unmet needs and altered stress thresholds).
English language reports published or in press by December 2006 were identified by means of database searches, checks of previous reviews and contact with recognized experts.

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Mar
2008

To review studies that examined the impact of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on cognitive functioning in depressed older people.
Studies were systematically retrieved using PsychINFO and MEDLINE, with additional articles sourced from lists of references. Given our aged-care focus, study participants had a minimum mean age of 60 years, with no single participant younger than 50 years.

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Mar
2008

The effect of stimulant medication on the attentional functioning of 23 children (8-12 yrs) with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) was investigated. Significant main effects of medication and TEA-Ch subtests were found, however there was no significant interaction. Planned contrasts showed that stimulants improved performance on the sustained attention, but not the selective or divided attention, subtests.

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May
2007

Previous studies on aging and attention typically examine group differences between younger and older adults, rather than seeing aging as a continuous process. Using correlational analyses, this study examined progressive changes in the magnitude of the attentional blink (AB) associated with aging. Increased age was found to be significantly associated with the ability to detect the second target (T2), whereby older age was correlated with the production of a longer and more pronounced AB; this supports the proposition that aging is associated with reduced inhibitory processes and selective attention.

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