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Author: Charles Bodet (24)


Jun
2017

Skin is a complex organ and the largest interface of the human body exposed to numerous stress and pathogens. Skin is composed of different cell types that together perform essential functions such as pathogen sensing, barrier maintenance and immunity, at once providing the first line of defense against microbial infections and ensuring skin homeostasis. Being inoculated directly through the epidermis and the dermis during a vector blood meal, emerging Dengue, Zika and West Nile mosquito-borne viruses lead to the initiation of the innate immune response in resident skin cells and to the activation of dendritic cells, which migrate to the draining lymph node to elicit an adaptive response.

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Dec
1969

Acute-serum Amyloid A (A-SAA), one of the major acute-phase proteins, is mainly produced in the liver but extra-hepatic synthesis involving the skin has been reported. Its expression is regulated by the transcription factors NF-κB, C/EBPβ, STAT3 activated by proinflammatory cytokines.
We investigated A-SAA synthesis by resting and cytokine-activated Normal Human Epidermal Keratinocytes (NHEK), and their inflammatory response to A-SAA stimulation.

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May
2017

Leaves of Crateva adansonii DC (Capparidaceae), a small bush found in Togo, are widely used in traditional medicine to cure infectious abscesses. Traditional healers of Lomé harvest only budding leaves early in the morning, in specific area in order to prepare their drugs.
The main goal was to validate the ancestral picking practices, and to assess the activity of C.

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Dec
1969

Inflammatory signaling pathways induced by Helicobacter pylori remain unclear, having been studied mostly on cell-line models derived from gastric adenocarcinoma with potentially altered signaling pathways and nonfunctional receptors. Here, H. pylori-induced signaling pathways were investigated in primary human gastric epithelial cells.

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Apr
2017

Human gastric mucosa shows continuous self-renewal via differentiation from stem cells that remain poorly characterized.
We describe an original protocol for culture of gastric stem/progenitor cells from adult human stomach. The molecular characteristics of cells were studied using TaqMan low-density array and qRT-PCR analyses using the well-characterized H1 and H9 embryonic stem cells as reference.

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Sep
2014

In this study, we synthesized and characterized the antibacterial activity of three naturally occurring oxyprenylated chalcones {xinjiachalcone A (1), (2E)-1-{2,6-dihydroxy-4-[(3-methylbut-2-enyl)oxy]phenyl}-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)prop-2-en-1-one (2), (2E)-1-{2,6-dihydroxy-4-[(3-methylbut-2-enyl)oxy]phenyl}-3-phenylprop-2-en-1-one (3), and lawsone 2-isopentenyl ether (4)}. Using several strains of Helicobacter pylori, including clinical ones, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values and bactericidal activities of these compounds were determined. Xinjiachalcone A (1), active principle of Glycyrrhiza inflata Batalin, was the most effective compound, showing both a low MIC and a strong bactericidal activity against H.

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Apr
2015

Two heterodimers comprising anthraquinone and methylbenzoisocoumarin moieties (1 and 2) were isolated, together with emodin and physcion from the tubers of Pyrenacantha kaurabassana. The structures of 1 and 2 were established by NMR spectroscopy, including the analysis of a 2D INADEQUATE spectrum. On the basis of the data obtained, the structures that were previously proposed in the literature for these compounds were revised.

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Jul
2014

Helicobacter pylori infection systematically causes chronic gastric inflammation that can persist asymptomatically or evolve toward more severe gastroduodenal pathologies, such as ulcer, mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma, and gastric cancer. The cag pathogenicity island (cag PAI) of H. pylori allows translocation of the virulence protein CagA and fragments of peptidoglycan into host cells, thereby inducing production of chemokines, cytokines, and antimicrobial peptides.

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Mar
2012

Legionella pneumophila is a ubiquitous environmental microorganism found in freshwater that can cause an acute form of pneumonia known as Legionnaires' disease. Despite widespread use of chlorine to ensure drinking water quality and awareness that L. pneumophila may escape these treatments, little is known about its effects on L.

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Jul
2011

Acanthamoeba castellanii is a free-living amoebae commonly found in water systems. Free-living amoebae might be pathogenic but are also known to bear phagocytosis-resistant bacteria, protecting these bacteria from water treatments. The mode of action of these treatments is poorly understood, particularly on amoebae.

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Jan
2011

Free-living amoebae might be pathogenic by themselves and be a reservoir for bacterial pathogens, such as Legionella pneumophila. Not only could amoebae protect intra-cellular Legionella but Legionella grown within amoebae could undergo physiological modifications and become more resistant and more virulent. Therefore, it is important to study the efficiency of treatments on amoebae and Legionella grown within these amoebae to improve their application and to limit their impact on the environment.

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Sep
2010

Chlorination is a well-known disinfection method, used in water treatment to inactivate various microorganisms, it induces numerous cellular changes. Even though Acanthamoebae are frequently found in water, the cellular changes induced in Acanthamoebae have not been described in the literature. Acanthamoebae are pathogenic amoebae and may provide a reservoir for pathogenic bacteria such as Legionellapneumophila; it is consequently important to understand the response of this amoeba to chlorination, and our study was indeed aimed at examining cellular changes in Acanthamoebae following chlorination.

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Nov
2008

In this study, we hypothesized that Streptococcus suis induces the shedding of adhesion molecules from the surface of human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMEC), which may contribute to the ongoing pathophysiological processes of meningitis. When HBMEC were stimulated with whole cells of S. suis S735, significantly larger amounts of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) were shed into conditioned medium while basal levels of soluble E-cadherin and P-selectin were unaffected.

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Sep
2008

Tetracyclines have been extensively used as adjuncts in the treatment of some forms of periodontitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity of doxycycline to influence the secretion of inflammatory mediators in macrophage and ex vivo human whole blood models stimulated with periodontopathogen lipopolysaccharides (LPS).
Monocyte-derived macrophages were treated with various concentrations of doxycycline prior to being stimulated with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (previously Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans) LPS.

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Sep
2008

Periodontal diseases are a group of inflammatory disorders initiated by specific Gram-negative periodontopathogenic bacteria that lead to the destruction of tooth-supporting tissues. In this study, we tested whether a carbon dioxide-supercritical extract of Glycyrrhiza uralensis (licorice) can reduce the periodontopathogen-induced inflammatory response.
Monocyte-derived macrophages were treated with various concentrations of the licorice extract prior to being stimulated with Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (previously Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans) and Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS).

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Sep
2008

In response to bacterial challenges, fibroblasts, a major constituent of gingival connective tissue, can produce immunoregulatory cytokines and proteolytic enzymes that may contribute to tissue destruction and the progression of periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease affecting tooth-supporting tissues, including alveolar bone. The spirochete Treponema denticola is a major etiological agent of periodontitis and can invade oral tissues. The aim of the present study was to investigate the inflammatory response of gingival fibroblasts to T.

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Aug
2008

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of 3-(4'-geranyloxy-3'-methoxyphenyl)-2-trans propenoic acid, active principle isolated from Acronychia baueri Schott, and its ester derivatives on biofilm formation by two important oral pathogens, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Streptococcus mutans. The parent acid and conjugates with vanillic acid, 2-hydroxynaphthoquinone and guaiacol caused a significant and reproducible inhibition of P. gingivalis biofilm formation.

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Dec
1969

Peptostreptococcus micros is a Gram-positive anaerobic bacterium associated with periodontitis, a chronic inflammatory disease affecting tooth-supporting tissues. In the present study, we investigated the response of human macrophages to stimulation with a cell wall preparation from P. micros.

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Feb
2007

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that affects the tooth supporting tissues. Gingival fibroblasts are the most abundant cells in periodontal tissues and participate actively in the host inflammatory response to periodontopathogens, which is known to mediate local tissue destruction in periodontitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a proanthocyanidin-enriched cranberry fraction, prepared from cranberry juice concentrate, on inflammatory mediator production by gingival fibroblasts stimulated by the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans.

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Jul
2007

Fibroblasts, a major constituent of gingival connective tissue, can produce immunoregulatory cytokines and proteolytic enzymes that may contribute to tissue destruction. In this study, we evaluated the production of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs), and plasminogen activators by gingival fibroblasts stimulated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS) produced by periodontopathogens, including Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. In addition, changes in the expression and phosphorylation state of fibroblast intracellular signaling proteins induced by A.

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Aug
2006

Porphyromonas gingivalis is a major aetiological agent of periodontitis, a destructive disease affecting the tooth-supporting tissues. Recent reports have indicated that high-molecular-weight molecules from cranberry juice concentrate can prevent the attachment of human pathogens to host tissues.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of non-dialysable material (NDM) prepared from cranberry juice concentrate on growth, biofilm formation and adherence properties of P.

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Apr
2006

Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia and Treponema denticola are three major aetiological agents of chronic periodontitis. The strong proteolytic activities of these bacteria are critical to their survival since their energy source is obtained from peptides and amino acids derived from proteins. In addition, proteases are important factors contributing to periodontal tissue destruction by a variety of mechanisms, including direct tissue degradation and modulation of host inflammatory responses.

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Jan
2006

Accumulated evidence points to Porphyromonas gingivalis, Treponema denticola, and Tannerella forsythia as three major etiologic agents of chronic periodontitis. Epithelial cells and macrophages play a major role in the host response to periodontopathogens, and the secretion of inflammatory mediators and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by these host cells is believed to contribute to periodontal tissue destruction. The aim of this study was to investigate the inflammatory response of a macrophage/epithelial cell co-culture model following mono or mixed infections with the above three periodontopathogens.

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Mar
2005

Epithelial cells and macrophages play a major role in the host response to Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major etiologic agent of chronic periodontitis. Secretion of high levels of cytokines by these cells is believed to contribute to periodontal tissue destruction. To investigate the interactions between P.

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