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Author: Chih-Wei Tang (5)


Dec
1969

Epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs) are derived from arachidonic acid and metabolized by soluble epoxide hydrolase (sEH). The role of EETs in synaptic function in the central nervous system is still largely unknown. We found that pharmacological inhibition of sEH to stabilize endogenous EETs and exogenous 14,15-EET significantly increased the field excitatory postsynaptic potential (fEPSP) response in the CA1 area of the hippocampus, while additionally enhancing high-frequency stimulation- (HFS-) induced long-term potentiation (LTP) and forskolin- (FSK-) induced LTP.

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Dec
1969

The water-gas shift (WGS) reaction has been studied by pulsing carbon monoxide (CO) into a steady-state water (H2O)-Ar flow over nickel(II) oxide-zinc oxide (NiO-ZnO) catalysts using in situ diffuse reflection infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFTS) coupled with a mass spectrometer method using the pulse technique (in situ pulse DRIFTS-MS) for different flow rates (gas hourly space velocity [GHSV] of 24,000-72,000 h(-1)) and reaction temperatures (250-350 °C). The results obtained from the in situ pulse DRIFTS-MS revealed that there are two types of water adsorption bands on the surface of the catalyst: (i) molecular adsorption (infrared [IR] bands in the 2500-3600 cm(-1) range and at 1640 cm(-1)), and (ii) dissociative adsorption at 3700 cm(-1), where carboxyl bands are formed at 1461 and 1368 cm(-1) and the gas-phase CO is adsorbed at 2187 and 2111 cm(-1) on the surface of the catalyst. After using a GHSV = 24,000 h(-1) H2O/Ar flow, we probed the existence of two active intermediates via the formation of two hydrogen production peaks.

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Dec
1969

Severe asymptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) leads to increased incidence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) likely through silent embolic infarcts and/or chronic hypoperfusion, but the brain dysfunction is poorly understood and difficult to diagnose. Thirty cognitively intact subjects with asymptomatic, severe (≥ 70%), unilateral stenosis of the ICA were compared with 30 healthy controls, matched for age, sex, cardiovascular risk factors and education level, on a battery of neuropsychiatric tests, voxel-based morphometry of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diffusion tensor imaging and brain-wise, seed-based analysis of resting-state functional MRI. Multivariate regression models and multivariate pattern classification (support vector machines) were computed to assess the relationship between connectivity measures and neurocognitive performance.

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Mar
2013

We demonstrated that prolonged transcranial magnetic intermittent theta burst stimulation (iTBS, 1200 pulses/session=iTBS1200) produces longer-lasting facilitation in corticospinal excitability than ordinary form of iTBS in healthy subjects.
Here we show the safety and small-scale efficacy of iTBS1200 over ipsilesional primary motor cortex (M1) in subacute stroke patients.
Twelve patients with first-time, subacute ischemic stroke of the middle cerebral artery were randomized into two groups that received 10 daily-sessions of either iTBS1200 or sham stimulation (n=6/group) over ipsilesional M1 hand region in addition to medical and rehabilitation treatments.

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Dec
2011

This study examined the effects of music at mealtimes on agitation in 22 nursing home residents with dementia. We used a pretest-posttest research design. We played researcher-composed music to residents at each of two mealtimes daily over a consecutive 4-week period.

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