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Author: Chun-Hsien Tseng (13)


Dec
1969

Since 2013, rabies cases have been reported among Formosan ferret badgers in Taiwan, and they have been shown to be the major reservoirs for Taiwanese enzootics. To control and eradicate rabies, the authorities plan to implement a vaccination programme. Before distributing live vaccines in the field, this study assessed the safety, efficacy, and immunogenicity of SAG2 vaccine on ferret badgers by direct oral instillation.

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Dec
2014

Infection by Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) causes decreased egg production in laying hens. Immunoresponse, steroidogenesis, and cell proliferation by chicken granulosa cells (cGCs) are of particular interest because these changes are involved in follicular growth, atresia, and ovulation. To elucidate the possible mechanisms underlying these changes, transcriptional alterations in cGCs at distinct stages of follicular maturity were studied.

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Sep
2015

Sleep disturbance at high altitude is common in climbers. In this study, we intended to evaluate the effect of rapid ascent on sleep architecture using polysomnography (PSG) and to compare the differences between subjects with and without acute mountain sickness (AMS).
The study included 40 non-acclimatized healthy subjects completing PSG at four time points, 3 days before the ascent (T0), two successive nights at 3150 m (T1 and T2), and 2 days after the descent (T3).

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Apr
2016

Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) and swine vesicular disease (SVD) are serious vesicular diseases that have devastated swine populations throughout the world. The aim of this study was to develop a multianalyte profiling (xMAP) Luminex assay for the differential detection of antibodies to the FMD virus of structural proteins (SP) and nonstructural proteins (NSP).
After the xMAP was optimized, it detected antibodies to SP-VP1 and NSP-3ABC of the FMD virus in a single serum sample.

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Dec
1969

The following complete molecular diagnostic procedure we developed, based on real-time quantitative PCR and traditional PCR, is effective for avian influenza surveillance, virus subtyping, and viral genome sequencing.
This study provides a specific and sensitive step-by-step procedure for efficient avian influenza identification of 16 hemagglutinin and 9 neuraminidase avian influenza subtypes.
This diagnostic procedure may prove exceedingly useful for virological and ecological advancements in global avian influenza research.

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Sep
2011

To investigate the genetic relationships between field strains of iridoviruses gathered from various fish species in Taiwan, viruses that were collected from 2001 to 2009 were analyzed. Open reading frames encoding the viral major capsid protein (MCP) and adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase) were sequenced for phylogenetic analysis. Our results indicated that iridoviruses from Taiwan aquaculture fishes could be classified into two groups: prior to 2005, the viruses were closely related to members of the genus Ranavirus; and after 2005, they were similar to members of the genus Megalocytivirus.

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Apr
2011

Cancer cells often employ developmental cues for advantageous growth and metastasis. Here, we report that an axon guidance molecule, Sema3E, is highly expressed in human high-grade ovarian endometrioid carcinoma, but not low-grade or other ovarian epithelial tumors, and facilitates tumor progression. Unlike its known angiogenic activity, Sema3E acted through Plexin-D1 receptors to augment cell migratory ability and concomitant epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT).

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Apr
2008

Glutamate clearance by astrocytes is critical for controlling excitatory neurotransmission and ATP is an important mediator for neuron-astrocyte interaction. However, the effect of ATP on glutamate clearance has never been examined. Here we report that treatment of RBA-2 cells, a type-2-like astrocyte cell line, with ATP and the P2X(7) receptor selective agonist 3'-O-(4-benzoylbenzoyl) adenosine 5'-triphosphate (BzATP) decreased the Na+-dependent [3H]glutamate uptake within minutes.

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Nov
2007

In a 1990 outbreak, a virus isolated in Taiwan from the intestines of ducks showing signs of hepatitis was tentatively classified as a picornavirus on the basis of physical, chemical, and morphological characteristics. The virus was cloned and then found not to be type 1 duck hepatitis virus (DHV-1) or a new serotype of duck hepatitis virus (N-DHV) by serum neutralization. Complete genome sequencing indicated that the virus genome had 8351 nucleotides and the typical picornavirus genome organization (i.

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Jun
2007

Duck hepatitis strains 90D and 04G were determined to be antigenically unrelated to type 1 duck hepatitis virus (DHV-1) by in vitro cross-neutralization assay. The genome sequences of 90D and 04G revealed that both strains of the new serotype DHV (N-DHV) possessed a typical picornavirus genome organization apart from the unique possession of three in-tandem 2A genes present in DHV-1. The 2A1, 2A2, and 2A3 proteins represented an aphthovirus-like 2A protein, AIG1-like protein, and human parechovirus-like 2A protein, respectively.

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Feb
2007

The genome sequences of three duck hepatitis virus type 1 (DHV-1) strains were determined. Comparative sequence analyses showed that they possessed a typical picornavirus genome organization apart from the unique possession of three in-tandem 2A genes. The 2A1 protein of DHV-1 is an aphthovirus-like 2A protein; the 2A2 protein is not related to any known picornavirus protein; the 2A3 protein is a human parechovirus-like 2A protein.

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Nov
2004

Three major epidemics of Newcastle disease (ND) occurred in Taiwan over the past three decades (in 1969, 1984, and 1995). In order to gain a better understanding of the relationships between past ND epizootics in Taiwan, 36 ND viruses (NDVs) isolated between 1969 and 1996 were characterized antigenically and genotypically. The antigenicity of these viruses was analysed by their ability to cause binding of mouse monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to cell cultures infected with the isolate.

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Sep
2004

To understand the genetic variations between the field strains of waterfowl parvoviruses and their attenuated derivatives, we analyzed the complete nucleotide sequences of the viral protein 1 (VP1) genes of nine field strains and two vaccine strains of waterfowl parvoviruses. Sequence comparison of the VP1 proteins showed that these viruses could be divided into goose parvovirus (GPV) related and Muscovy duck parvovirus (MDPV) related groups. The amino acid difference between GPV- and MDPV-related groups ranged from 13.

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