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Author: Edgardo Bonacina (30)


Oct
2017

In patients with left ventricular assist device (LVAD), a minority of post-operative ventricular tachycardias (VTs) is caused by contact between the inflow cannula and the endocardium. Currently, electrophysiologic characteristics and pathologic features of this condition are lacking. We report on a case of a successfully ablated mechanical VT.

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Aug
2017

Previous reports have suggested that despite their dramatic presentation, patients with fulminant myocarditis (FM) might have better outcome than those with acute nonfulminant myocarditis (NFM). In this retrospective study, we report outcome and changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in a large cohort of patients with FM compared with patients with NFM.
The study population consists of 187 consecutive patients admitted between May 2001 and November 2016 with a diagnosis of acute myocarditis (onset of symptoms <1 month) of whom 55 required inotropes and/or mechanical circulatory support (FM) and the remaining 132 were hemodynamically stable (NFM).

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Jul
2017

Diagnosis of benign and purely localized malignant adrenocortical lesions is still a complex issue. Moreover, histology-based diagnosis may suffer of a moment of subjectivity due to inter- and intra-individual variations. The aim of the present study was to assess, by computerized morphometry, the morphological features in benign and malignant adrenocortical neoplasms.

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Dec
2016

: Necrotizing eosinophilic myocarditis (NEM) is a life-threatening condition that needs rapid diagnosis by endomyocardial biopsy and hemodynamic support usually by mechanical circulatory systems. We present the case of a 25-year-old Caucasian man who developed a refractory cardiogenic shock due to a NEM that was supported with a peripheral veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation associated with intravenous steroids and recovered after 2 weeks. Further instrumental investigations lead to the final diagnosis of NEM as first presentation of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Churg-Strauss syndrome), remarking the importance of identifying the systemic disorder that usually triggers the eosinophilic damage of the myocardium.

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Sep
2015

Pheochromocytoma is a tumor arising from neuroectodermal chromaffin tissues in the adrenal gland or extra-adrenal paraganglia (paragangliomas). The prevalence of the tumor is 0.1%-0.

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Oct
2015

Endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) is the gold standard for the diagnosis of myocarditis. Patients with clinical presentation consistent with myocarditis and acute heart failure should undergo EMB, in particular to exclude giant-cell myocarditis or necrotizing eosinophilic myocarditis that are life-threatening conditions. The indication for EMB is debatable in case of suspected myocarditis with infarct-like presentation and preserved left ventricular ejection fraction.

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Sep
2015

Churg-Strauss syndrome, recently renamed eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), is a rare form of systemic vasculitis, characterized by disseminated necrotizing vasculitis with extravascular granulomas occurring among patients with asthma and tissue eosinophilia. EGPA is classified as a small and medium-sized vessel vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) and the hypereosinophilic syndrome. Typical clinical features include asthma, sinusitis, transient pulmonary infiltrates and neuropathy.

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Jun
2015

Spontaneous hepatic rupture (SHR) during pregnancy is a rare but well known complication and it usually occurs alongside eclampsia or HELLP syndrome. SHR in uncomplicated pregnancy is extremely rare and can be associated to different undiagnosed pathological conditions. We report the case of a nulliparous woman, 27 weeks pregnant, with a peliosis hepatis, previously unknown, who was admitted to our unit due to SHR and massive hemoperitoneum.

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Jun
2015

We report the description of a cardiac mass occupying almost the entire right atrium in a young man who developed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during endovascular treatment of intracranial arteriovenous fistulas. The mass was detected at echocardiographic examination, its tissue characteristics were defined with cardiac magnetic resonance and it was successfully surgically removed. The histopathological findings were consistent with a mixed type cavernous-capillary hemangioma of the heart.

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Dec
1969

We report the histopathologic correlates of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in a patient with heart transplant who died for graft failure a few months after the scan. Extensive late enhancement was present at CMR, and it correlated with extensive fibrosis at histology. To our knowledge, this is the first time the findings on contrast enhancement CMR are compared to the histology of the whole heart in a heart transplantation patient, and the correspondence between LGE and fibrosis, demonstrated in other cardiac pathologies, is confirmed also in this particular setting.

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Dec
2016

: A 31-year-old man presenting with cardiogenic shock and left ventricular ejection fraction of 10% received the diagnosis of giant cell myocarditis by endomyocardial biopsy. The patient was successfully treated with high-dose inotropes, intra-aortic balloon pump and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for 21 days associated with combined immunosuppression (thymoglobulin, steroids, cyclosporine). Immunosuppression including thymoglobulin is the regimen associated with the highest probability of recovery in case of giant cell myocarditis.

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Dec
2016

The role of the right ventricle has often been underestimated in heart failure. It has been thought that the right cavity has a less prominent impact on symptoms, therapeutic approach, and prognosis. Right ventricular dysfunction is a complex issue and its diagnosis has acquired a relevant role, in particular with the improvement of new therapeutic options such as ventricular assist devices.

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Jun
2014

To describe, by computerized morphometry, the degree and the type of steatosis in liver transplants that developed primary nonfunction and to compare the results with the quantification by pathologist.
Twelve patients who developed primary nonfunction after liver transplantation were matched with 23 transplanted patients with a regular postoperative clinical course. Morphology of the liver biopsy included many stereological parameters; all cases were evaluated by an operator blinded to the diagnosis and to the clinical history.

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Aug
2014

Heart involvement is the leading cause of death of patients with eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA; formerly Churg-Strauss syndrome) and is more frequent in anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-negative patients. Post-transplant outcome has only been reported once.
We conducted a retrospective international multicenter study.

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Dec
2012

Rhinoscleroma is a chronic indolent granulomatous infection of the nose and the upper respiratory tract caused by Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis; this condition is endemic to many regions of the world including North Africa. We present a case of rhinoscleroma in a 51-year-old Egyptian immigrant with 1-month history of epistaxis. We would postulate that with increased travel from areas where rhinoscleroma is endemic to other non-endemic areas, diagnosis of this condition will become more common.

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Jan
2011

The clinical presentation of pheochromocytoma is variable and many biochemical and imaging methods have been suggested to improve the diagnostic accuracy of what has been termed "the great masquerader". This case-report is of a middle-aged woman with a non-specific clinical presentation suggesting acute coronary syndrome or subacute myocarditis. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) at presentation showed myocardial edema and intramyocardial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE).

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Dec
2010

The recent introduction of drug-eluting stents in angioplasty of atherosclerotic blood vessels has significantly reduced the risks of in-stent restenosis (ISR) [1]. Indeed, it is known that in conventional stents ISR takes place in over 20% of the cases and up to 60% when implanted in diabetic patients. Conversely, clinical trials have shown that drug-eluting stents have significantly reduced ISR.

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Oct
2008

Patients with bicuspid aortic valve are at increased risk for aortic complications.
A total of 115 consecutive patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease underwent surgery of the ascending aorta. We classified the cusp configuration by 3 types: fusion of left coronary and right coronary cusps (type A), fusion of right coronary and noncoronary cusps (type B), and fusion of left coronary and noncoronary cusps (type C).

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Nov
2006

De novo cancer is one of the most serious complications after organ transplantation. Chronic immunosuppression, viral agents, pretransplant chronic alcohol-induced and other addictive behavior-induced injury are important conditions associated with the development of de novo cancers in solid organ transplants. The aim of the study was to evaluate types and clinical course of de novo cancers in adult liver transplant recipients.

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Feb
2005

Thoracic surgeons have limited experience of inflammatory pseudotumors of the lung owing to their rare occurrence in routine clinical practice.
We retrospectively investigated the clinicopathologic features of 18 patients with inflammatory pseudotumor of the lung observed between 1992 and 2002.
There were 13 men and 5 women.

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Dec
2004

Myocardial infarction is usually induced in small animals by means of invasive procedures: the aim of this study was to cause heart necrosis lesions by non-invasive means. We injected rabbits with isoproterenol (3 mg/kg, i.p.

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Nov
2004

Myocardial infarction is usually induced in small animals by means of invasive techniques based on mechanical coronary obstruction. As it has been reported that isoproterenol can cause ischemic myocardial alterations, lipid peroxide generation and procoagulant activity, we administered it to rabbits in order to induce a non-invasive myocardial infarction associated with above mentioned cardiovascular risk factors. Considerable ischemic alterations were observed in the animals treated with isoproterenol, including areas of myocardial necrosis, contraction band necrosis, increased plasma levels of cardiac necrosis markers (c-troponin I and myoglobin), and electrocardiographic modifications (ST segment changes and T wave inversion).

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Mar
2004

A 32-year-old male was admitted to our intensive care unit for low cardiac output syndrome. Echocardiography was suggestive of extensive hypokinesia and the ejection fraction was 0.22.

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Oct
2003

Distal embolization of plaque or thrombotic debris is one of the mechanisms involved in the ischemia/reperfusion injury during primary percutaneous intervention for acute occlusion of a native coronary artery. We tested the clinical application of maximal antiplatelet therapy with abciximab combined with one of two different systems of mechanical distal protection: balloon occlusion and aspiration (PercuSurge) in 24 cases and a distal filter (FilterWire Ex) in 10 cases. Feasibility, technical limitations, and pitfalls are described.

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Jan
2003

Various experiments have shown that decreased nitric oxide values alter plasma lipid levels or coagulation parameters or blood pressure values or cause myocardial necrosis phenomena, but it is not clear whether these alterations are reciprocally connected, or whether nitric oxide changes are involved in the appearance of some coronary disease risk factors (lipid, coagulation, blood pressure alterations) and myocardial necrosis.
We modified nitric oxide levels in rabbits using L-NAME (a NO synthase blocker) or nitroglycerine (a NO donor), and simultaneously evaluated variations in total and HDL cholesterol levels, some coagulation parameters, mean blood pressure values and myocardial necrosis patterns.
L-NAME lowered plasma nitric oxide values, increased plasma total cholesterol and decreased HDL cholesterol levels, enhanced the amount of plasma fibrinogen, shortened prothrombin times, elevated the mean blood pressure values and caused the appearance of cardiac necrosis markers (c-troponin I, creatine kinase) in plasma and coagulative necrosis lesions in the myocardium.

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Jun
2002

It has been reported that the administration of vasopressin induces myocardial ischaemia in rats, which causes electrocardiographic ST segment alterations according to many authors. But rat electrocardiogram (ECG) lacks ST segment. Consequently it appears important to study the effects of vasopressin in rabbits, which show ST segment present in the ECG.

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