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Author: Ellie Smith (7)


Sep
2014

Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have a significant reduction in the number of oxytocin-producing neurons (42%) in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. A number of animal studies and observations of humans show that lesions in this region can produce PWS-like symptoms. Given the evidence for potential oxytocin deficiency, we tested the effects of a course of intranasal oxytocin on PWS symptoms.

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Aug
2012


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Aug
2011

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a leading genetic cause of obesity, characterized by hyperphagia, endocrine and developmental disorders. It is suggested that the intense hyperphagia could stem, in part, from impaired gut hormone signaling. Previous studies produced conflicting results, being confounded by differences in body composition between PWS and control subjects.

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Aug
2011

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is associated with hyperphagia and obesity, without effective pharmacological treatment. Exenatide, recently developed for treatment of type 2 diabetes, induces appetite suppression and weight loss with common side effects.
The objective of the study was to investigate the initial safety and effectiveness of exenatide in adult PWS subjects compared with obese controls (OBESE).

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Jul
2010

Subjects with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have a reduced life expectancy due to cardiovascular disease. Increased systemic low-grade inflammation is postulated as a contributor, despite reported lower visceral fat mass and increased insulin sensitivity.
Our aim was to compare inflammatory markers and arterial stiffness in PWS and adiposity-matched obese control subjects.

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Aug
2005

Use of force against immigration detainees during attempts to expel them from the UK must be limited to that which is strictly necessary and proportionate under the circumstances, using accepted methods of restraint designed to minimise injury risk to all concerned. Fourteen cases are reported after failed removal attempts, where there were allegations that excessive force had been employed. Collective analysis of the 14 cases reveals a misuse of handcuffs in 11 cases with resulting nerve injury in 4 cases, the use of inappropriate and unsafe methods of force, such as blows to the head and compression of the trunk and/or neck, and continued use of force even after termination of the deportation attempt, occurring inside security company vehicles out of sight of witnesses.

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Jan
2004

We report a 7 1/2-year-old girl with an approximately 9.5 Mb duplication of proximal 17p. Her clinical features include moderately severe developmental delay, absence of speech, talipes, congenital dislocation of the hips, premature adrenarche, dysmorphic facial features, deep palmar creases, and signs and symptoms of peripheral neuropathy consistent with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1A (CMT1A).

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