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Author: Emese Domonkos (6)


Nov
2017

Evidence from clinical observational studies and animal experiments suggests that hypogonadism is associated with the metabolic syndrome. In most of the experiments, androgen deficiency is induced by gonadectomy in the adulthood and relatively short-term effects of hypogonadism on metabolic parameters are usually observed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the metabolic effects of long-term androgen deficiency starting before puberty in middle-aged male rats.

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Jul
2017

Sex differences in the prevalence of affective disorders might be attributable to different sex hormone milieu. The effects of short-term sex hormone deficiency on behavior, especially on anxiety have been studied in numerous animal experiments, mainly on young adult rats and mice. However, sex differences in aged animals and the effects of long-term hypogonadism are understudied.

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Dec
2017

Aromatase catalyzes the conversion of testosterone to estradiol and is involved in the physiological effects of sex hormones on brain function. Animal experiments have shown that the aromatase inhibitor, letrozole, can induce anxiety in young ovariectomized females that are used as a model of aging. Whether or not these effects would be similar in intact middle-aged animals is unknown.

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Nov
2016

In men, aging is accompanied by a gradual decline in androgen secretion. Studies suggest beneficial effects of endogenous and exogenous testosterone on affective behavior and cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to describe behavioral and cognitive sex differences and to analyze the effects of long-term androgen deficiency in aged male rats.

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Jan
2017

Non-selective and subunit (GluN2B)-specific N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) antagonists represent promising alternative antidepressant drugs with fast onset of the therapeutic action. The neuronal activation pattern induced by NMDAR antagonists is well characterized by c-Fos expression analysis only in the adult rodent brain. In contrast, there is little information available regarding their effects during postnatal development.

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Dec
1969

Steroid hormones may act through a rapid mechanism that does not require an intracellular steroid receptor and its effects on gene expression. In this study we have analysed this so-called non-genomic effect of testosterone on social anxiety in rats of both sexes using androgen and oestrogen receptor blockers. Male rats were divided into four groups: SHAM-CTRL (a sham operated group treated with oil as vehicle, n=10), SHAM-TST (a sham operated group treated with testosterone at a dose of 1 mg/kg, n=10), GDX-CTRL (a castrated group treated with oil, n=10) and GDX-TST (a castrated group treated with testosterone at a dose of 1 mg/kg, n=10).

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