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Author: Ester Klimkeit (11)


Jun
2017

This study investigates whether the augmentation of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) with fluoxetine improves outcomes in anxious school refusing adolescents (11-16.5 years). Sixty-two participants were randomly allocated to CBT alone, CBT + fluoxetine or CBT + placebo.

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Nov
2011

Although neuropsychological deficits in adult depression are relatively well established, findings in children/adolescents have been inconsistent and thus require further investigation. The current study investigated verbal fluency (VF), cognitive speed, motor speed, and executive functions in adolescents with unipolar depression. Results indicated that adolescents with minor depression showed working memory deficits and poorer VF (letter task).

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Mar
2009

Guidelines for assessing fitness to drive in individuals with neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson's disease (PD), are subjective. It is therefore timely to review the current status of the literature not only for health professionals who are required to assess fitness to drive, but also for the development of future research directions. This review, in the context of PD, outlines the complex changes in driving behaviours, motor vehicle crash rates, driving simulator and on-road driving ability assessments, the relationship between disease severity, duration, medication dose and driving performance, the relationship between driving and neuropsychological test performance, and the effect of dopaminergic medications on driving.

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Nov
2006

The belief that children with externalizing disorders have difficulties with self-awareness raises the question of whether children with externalizing disorders are good informants of their own behavior.
This study investigates how children with ADHD rate their behaviors compared to children without ADHD on a new rating scale (the Self-Evaluation Scale for Children).
Preliminary results indicate that this rating scale has acceptable reliability and validity.

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Oct
2006

To evaluate cognitive-behavioral therapy, antidepressant medication alone, and combined CBT and antidepressant medication in the treatment of depressive disorders in adolescents.
Seventy-three adolescents (ages 12-18 years) with a primary diagnosis of DSM-IV major depressive disorder, dysthymic disorder, or depressive disorder not otherwise specified were randomly allocated to one of three treatments. Treatment outcome measures were administered before and after acute treatment, and at a 6-month follow-up.

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Oct
2005

The 12-item clinician or self-administered Self-Efficacy Questionnaire for Depression in Adolescents (SEQ-DA) was developed as a measure of perceived ability to cope with depressive symptomatology. This study examined the reliability and validity of the SEQ-DA in a clinical population of 130 adolescents that were receiving treatment for depression. Psychometric evaluation revealed good internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

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Apr
2005

Attention and executive functions were investigated in medicated and unmedicated children with ADHD combined type using a novel selective reaching task. This task involved responding as rapidly as possible to a target while at times having to ignore a distractor. Results indicated that unmedicated children with ADHD showed slow and inaccurate responding.

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Sep
2004

The development of attention and executive functions in normal children (7-12 years) was investigated using a novel selective reaching task, which involved reaching as rapidly as possible towards a target, while at times having to ignore a distractor. The information processing paradigm allowed the measurement of various distinct dimensions of behaviour within a single task. The largest improvements in vigilance, set-shifting, response inhibition, selective attention, and impulsive responding were observed to occur between the ages of 8 and 10, with a plateau in performance between 10 and 12 years of age.

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Nov
2004

Although motor difficulties have been implicated in ADHD, studies investigating bimanual coordination have been few and their results inconsistent. This study examined the performance of 12 boys with ADHD combined type and their matched controls on a simple in-phase bimanual movement task (requiring symmetrical hand movements) and a complex out-of-phase bimanual movement task (requiring asymmetrical hand movements), at different designated speeds (1 and 2 Hz). Compared to controls, ADHD children were significantly more variable in both velocity and coordination, and less accurate in coordination, with the in-phase movements.

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Jul
2003

Perceptual asymmetries in normal right-handed children (7-12 years of age) and children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), combined type, were investigated using various chimeric stimuli in free-viewing conditions. In the face-matching task, participants indicated which of two symmetrical face chimeras more closely resembled the original; in the chimeric faces task, participants indicated which of a pair of faces appeared happier; and in the grey scales task participants indicated which of two shaded rectangles appeared to be darker overall. Leftward biases were found for normal children with no effects of age.

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