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Author: Evelyne May (11)


Jan
2018

The Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen leader protein (EBNA-LP) acts as a co-activator of EBNA-2, a transcriptional activator essential for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced B-cell transformation. Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells harboring a mutant EBV strain that lacks both the EBNA-2 gene and 3' exons of EBNA-LP express Y1Y2-truncated isoforms of EBNA-LP (tEBNA-LP) and better resist apoptosis than if infected with the wild-type virus. In such BL cells, tEBNA-LP interacts with the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) catalytic subunit (PP2A C), and this interaction likely plays a role in resistance to apoptosis.

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Nov
2017

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is the most common type of leukemia in Western populations, being rarer in Asian and African people. It has been suggested that patients with CLL from Africa might have a more aggressive disease compared with white patients. In this study, we aimed to identify genetic factors that may account for this difference.

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Dec
1969

Recent data showed that p53 stimulates the expression of genes encoding not only pro- but also antioxidant enzymes. It was suggested that antioxidant genes could be induced under physiologic levels of stress while the prooxidant ones respond to higher level of stress. Results presented in this article illustrate an additional degree of complexity.

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Nov
2006

Gamma-irradiation leads to activation of p53 tumour suppressor gene and to p53-dependant stimulation of a large panel of cellular genes including proapoptotic genes involved in intrinsic and extrinsic pathways. Most in vivo published data referred to high (lethal) irradiation doses. The present study was performed to analyse the p53-dependent response to more relevant low irradiation doses.

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Dec
1969

The tumor suppressor gene, p53, is rarely mutated in neuroblastomas (NB) at the time of diagnosis, but its dysfunction could result from a nonfunctional conformation or cytoplasmic sequestration of the wild-type p53 protein. However, p53 mutation, when it occurs, is found in NB tumors with drug resistance acquired over the course of chemotherapy. As yet, no study has been devoted to the function of the specific p53 mutants identified in NB cells.

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Mar
2005

The p53 gene and its homologue p73 are rarely mutated in neuroblastoma. In recent studies, we showed that overexpression of DeltaNp73alpha, an isoform lacking the N-terminal transactivation (TA) domain, surprisingly induces p53 protein accumulation in the wild-type (wt) p53 human neuroblastoma line SH-SY5Y. As can be expected owing to its dominant-negative effect, DeltaNp73alpha inhibits Waf1/p21 gene expression, but equally importantly, it upregulates BTG2TIS21/PC3, another p53 target gene.

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Feb
2005

The human INK4a gene locus encodes two structurally unrelated tumor suppressor proteins, p16(INK4a) and p14(ARF). Although primarily proposed to require a functional p53.Mdm-2 signaling axis, recently p14(ARF) has been implicated in p53-independent cell cycle regulation.

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Nov
2004

We investigated the role of tumor suppressor p53 and Fas (CD95/APO-1), a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor family, in neural progenitors response to gamma-irradiation exposure. Telencephalic cells were obtained from wild-type C57Bl/6, or p53-/- or fas-/-, 15-day-old mouse embryos. They were cultured in conditions allowing neural progenitors to form proliferating clusters (neurospheres).

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Aug
2003

The p53 tumor suppressor gene belongs to a multigene family that includes two paralogues, p63 and p73. p73alpha has common activities with p53, such as DNA binding and transactivation, and can thus activate the transcription of p53-responsive genes. Using the adenoviral system, we report that an overexpression of either wt-p73alpha or one of the two transcriptional inactive mutants, deltaNp73alpha or p73alphaR292H, induces an accumulation of the endogenous wt-p53 expressed in the three transformed cell lines, SK-N-SH, MCF-7 and U-2OS, without stimulating the p53 gene transcription.

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Sep
2002

The p53 protein is a tumor suppressor that protects the organism against malignant consequences of DNA damage. Interaction of p53 with numerous cellular or viral proteins regulates its functional activity either positively or negatively. An approach leading to identification of such protein interactions directly in a cell extract could be of help in the development of screening assays to search for drugs acting on p53 in its cellular environment, either by disrupting its association with inhibitory proteins or by increasing its affinity for activating proteins.

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May
2002

Tumorigenicity and radiosensitivity of related cell lines expressing distinct p53 mutants were analyzed in parallel with key components of the antioxidant metabolic pathway. Six sublines deriving from the same parental cell population and expressing either the mutant p53K130R or p53V270F were investigated. Both mutations abrogate the transcriptional activity of p53 as well as its ability to induce apoptosis.

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