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Author: Giuseppe A Ferraro (18)


Nov
2017

Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma (BSCC) is a rare, aggressive and distinct variant of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the upper respiratory and digestive tract. We have evaluated disease specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) through Kaplan-Meier method and mortality risk through univariate statistical analysis of Cox in 42 cases of BSCC and other 42 of laryngeal SCC (LSCC) matched for both age and sex. We demonstrated that laryngeal BSCC is a more aggressive tumor than LSCC as is associated to higher nodal recurrence of pathology (patients, overall risk, OR 2.

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May
2017

Autologous fat grafting procedures in plastic surgery have been extensively used to reinforce soft tissue in congenital or acquired tissue impairments. With this background, the aim of this study is firstly to examine the impact of a selective centrifugation on existing adipose stem cells (ASCs) in terms of stemness profile maintenance and, secondly, to investigate the effect of restoring volume in reconstruction on patients affected by soft tissue damage. After centrifugation, the fat graft products were separated into two layers and subsequently examined in vitro for the expression of CD34, CD90, CD117, CD105, CD29, CD31, CD44, CD73, CD133, CD14 and CD45 markers by flow cytometry and gene expression analyses were performed for Sox2, WNT3A, END, CD44, FUT4, COLL1, CTNNB1, hbEGF, KRTLG, MMP2 and VIM genes.

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Jun
2017

The mouse excisional dorsal full-thickness wound model with a silicon splint fixed on the skin has been widely used to mimic human wound healing. However, the method cannot accurately quantify dermal remodeling, since the initial point of epithelialization on the wound surface is unclear. To overcome this limitation, we have developed a novel mouse excisional wound model to assess the degree of epithelial extension and regeneration, using a plastic ring-shaped splint fixed beneath the surrounding epidermal tissue.

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Sep
2016

Inflammatory bowel diseases are an increasing phenomenon in western countries and in growing populations. The physiopathology of these conditions is linked to intestinal stem cells homeostasis and regenerative potential in a chronic inflammatory microenvironment. Patients with IBD present an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer (CRC), or colitis associated cancer (CAC).

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Dec
1969

Adipose Stem Cells: From Bench to Bedside.

Stem Cells Int 2016 21;2016:6484038. Epub 2016 Mar 21.
Giuseppe A Ferraro, Hiroshi Mizuno, Norbert Pallua

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Apr
2016

Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are associated with an increased risk of colitis-associated colorectal carcinoma (CAC). CAC is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in patients with Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The aim of the present review was to discuss the most important signaling pathways and genetic alterations involved in carcinogenesis related to IBD, focusing on the molecular aspects of cancer stem cell physiology and the impact of the inflammatory microenvironment.

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Sep
2016

Pathological scars occur following injuries and are often considered esthetically unattractive. Several strategies have been attempted to improve these types of scars using both surgical and nonsurgical methods. The most common treatments include cryotherapy, intralesional corticosteroid injections, 5-fluorouracil, bleomycin, interferon, and verapamil.

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Apr
2016

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCAs) may be defined as tumors that derived from the biliary tree with the differentiation in the biliary epithelial cells. This tumor is malignant, extremely aggressive with a poor prognosis. It can be treated surgically and its pathogenesis is poorly understood.

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Dec
1969

Lipomas are benign solid tumours that develop in soft tissues with origin in mesenchymal progenitors. Macroscopically, they appear as soft-elastic nodules, varying in volume from a few millimiters to several centimetres and can enlarge progressively. Although they are usually asymptomatic, they can cause symptoms due to nerve or vessel compression.

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Dec
1969

Liver cancer is the fifth most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the second most frequent cause of cancer death in men worldwide. Amongst liver cancers, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) represents the major histological subtype and it is one of the most common malignant human tumors worldwide. Research into the molecular biology of hepatocarcinogenesis has identified several biomarkers, which could provide additional informations in order to better understand the biology of HCC.

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Apr
2015

Brachial ptosis is one of the consequences of massive weight loss. At an early stage, brachial ptosis can be corrected by liposuction, dermolipectomy and liposuction, or minibrachioplasty while the most advanced stage requires extended brachioplasty. Since brachioplasty was first described, various techniques have been proposed in the management of upper extremity contour deformities.

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May
2013

Stem cell based therapies for the repair and regeneration of various tissues are of great interest for a high number of diseases. Adult stem cells, instead, are more available, abundant and harvested with minimally invasive procedures. In particular, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are multi-potent progenitors, able to differentiate into bone, cartilage, and adipose tissues.

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Jun
2011

The use of adipose tissue transfer in plastic and reconstructive surgery is not new and has been studied extensively. Due to different results with regard to adipose cell damage and the level of survival of the transferred tissue in clinical practice, the authors aimed to investigate the effects of centrifugation on fat aspirates to optimize the centrifugal force for fat transplantation and to obtain an increased number of intact adipose progenitor cells. The following different centrifugation forces were evaluated in vitro in terms of fat decantation: 3,000 rpm (1,500×g), 1,300 rpm (250×g), and 500 rpm (50×g).

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Dec
2009

Recent studies have shown potential ways for improving stem cell cryopreservation. The major need for autologous stem cell use is a long-term storage: this arises from the humans' hope of future use of their own cells. Therefore, it is important to evaluate the cell potential of vitality and differentiation before and after cryopreservation.

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Sep
2008

Adipose tissue is an easy, accessible, and abundant source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for the reconstruction and addition of soft tissue and for restoration of soft-tissue defects associated with trauma, tumor resections, and congenital deformities. A stable source of adipose cells or tissue is needed for autologous grafting. Therefore, the aim of this study was to obtain enough autologous adipose tissue for possible clinical applications.

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Jan
2008

This study aimed to observe the effects of ultrasound waves at different frequencies on abdominal fat tissue. External ultrasound-assisted lipectomy (XUAL) via both histologic and immunohistochemic examinations was used to assess adipose tissue alterations, including cells and collagenic fibers. The results, at the immunofluorescence level, show that ultrasound used at 1 MHz with a potency of 3 W resulted in no alterations or only limited cell destruction with collagen fibers intact.

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Jan
2008

Correction of prominent ears represents one of the main applications in plastic surgery. Apart from its cosmetic nature, this operation is important because of the psychological distress that the deformity causes patients. In this study, 40 patients who underwent treatment for prominent ears in our department were evaluated.

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