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Author: Gregor Laakmann (14)


Sep
2017

Treatment algorithms are considered as key to improve outcomes by enhancing the quality of care. This is the first randomized controlled study to evaluate the clinical effect of algorithm-guided treatment in inpatients with major depressive disorder.
Inpatients, aged 18 to 70 years with major depressive disorder from 10 German psychiatric departments were randomized to 5 different treatment arms (from 2000 to 2005), 3 of which were standardized stepwise drug treatment algorithms (ALGO).

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Sep
2017

Biflavones of Hypericum perforatum L. are bioactive compounds used in the treatment of inflammation and depression. Determination of amentoflavone and biapigenin from blood is challenging owing to their similar structures and low concentrations.

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Sep
2017

About 10% of the general population report multiple and persisting physical symptoms resulting in extensive screening but with no organic explanation found.
The authors sought to determine whether these somatoform-disorder patients show characteristics of the affective disorder spectrum, with the cyclothymic temperament likely showing the highest specificity for somatoform disorder.
This study examined temperamental traits and current mood states of 44 general-hospital inpatients diagnosed with somatoform disorder.

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Nov
2009

Obesity and its related disorders are growing epidemic across the world. Research on links between the bipolar spectrum and obesity has proliferated in the last few years. As some forms of abnormal temperament are considered as subtypes of the soft bipolar spectrum, we aimed to evaluate abnormal temperaments in morbidly obese patients.

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Aug
2006

Mirtazapine inhibits salivary cortisol concentrations in anorexia nervosa.

Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 2006 Aug 27;30(6):1015-9. Epub 2006 Apr 27.
Cornelius Schüle, Christian Sighart, Juergen Hennig, Gregor Laakmann
The antidepressant mirtazapine has been demonstrated to acutely inhibit cortisol concentrations in healthy subjects and depressed patients. Since both depressed and anorectic patients are characterized by hyperactivity of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) system, the clinical usefulness and the endocrinological effects of mirtazapine were investigated in anorexia nervosa (AN). Five female patients suffering from AN restricting subtype (DSM-IV criteria) were admitted to a closed ward and treated with mirtazapine for three weeks receiving 15 mg mirtazapine on day 0; 30 mg mirtazapine on day 1; and 45 mg mirtazapine per day from day 2 up to the end of the study (day 21).

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Dec
2004

Mirtazapine has been shown to acutely inhibit cortisol secretion in healthy subjects. In the current study, the impact of mirtazapine treatment on salivary cortisol secretion was investigated in 12 patients with major depression (DSM-IV criteria). Patients were treated with mirtazapine for 3 weeks, receiving 15 mg of mirtazapine on day 0, 30 mg on day 1, and 45 mg per day from day 2 to the end of the study (day 21).

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Jan
2004

Reboxetine is a selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor, whereas mirtazapine acts as an antagonist at noradrenergic alpha(2), serotonin (5-HT(2)), 5-HT(3) and histamine H(1) receptors. In a former study we could demonstrate an inhibitory impact of mirtazapine on cortisol secretion. In the present investigation, the influence of combined administration of 15 mg mirtazapine and 4 mg reboxetine on the cortisol (COR), adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), growth hormone (GH), and prolactin (PRL) secretion was examined in 12 healthy male subjects, compared to reboxetine alone (4 mg).

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Feb
2004

In this single-blind study the effects of acute oral administration of the selective noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor reboxetine on the cortisol (COR), ACTH, growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) secretion were examined in 12 healthy male volunteers. In a randomized order, the subjects received placebo or reboxetine (4 mg) at 0800 h on two different days. After insertion of an intravenous catheter, blood samples were drawn 1 hour prior to the administration of placebo or reboxetine, at time of administration, and during the time of 5 hours thereafter at periods of 30 minutes.

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Oct
2003

Mirtazapine has been shown to acutely inhibit cortisol secretion in healthy subjects. In the present study, the impact of mirtazapine treatment on urinary free cortisol (UFC) excretion was investigated in depression. Twenty patients (six men, 14 women) suffering from major depression according to DSM-IV criteria were treated with mirtazapine for 3 weeks.

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Apr
2003

The term "stalking" literally means "to follow, to pursue". In a psychiatric context stalking describes a syndrome of pathological behavior, which is characterized by notorious following menacing, harassing and contacting a victim against its declared will. The patterns of behavior summarized as "stalking" have been the matter of interest for psychiatric research for a long time, e.

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Dec
2002

Unlike other antidepressants, mirtazapine does not inhibit the reuptake of norepinephrine or serotonin (5-HT) but acts as an antagonist at presynaptic alpha2-receptors and at postsynaptic 5-HT2, 5-HT3 and histamine H1-receptors. In the present investigation, the influence of acute oral administration of 15-mg mirtazapine on the cortisol (COR), adrenocorticotropin (ACTH), growth hormone (GH) and prolactin (PRL) secretion was examined in 12 healthy male subjects, compared to placebo.
After insertion of an intravenous catheter, both the mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and the heart rate were recorded and blood samples were drawn 1 h prior to the administration of mirtazapine or placebo (7:00 a.

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Aug
2002

Unlike other antidepressants, mirtazapine does not inhibit the reuptake of norepinephrine or serotonin but acts as an antagonist at presynaptic alpha(2) receptors, at postsynaptic 5-HT(2) and 5-HT(3) receptors, and at histaminergic H(1) receptors. This special mechanism of action may be characterized by a distinct pharmacoendocrinological profile.
In the present investigation the influence of acute oral administration of 15 mg mirtazapine on the cortisol (COR), corticotropin (ACTH), growth hormone (GH), and prolactin (PRL) secretion was examined in six healthy male subjects, compared to placebo.

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