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Author: Hugh Nolan (8)


May
2018

Event-related potentials (ERPs) show promise to be objective indicators of cognitive functioning. The aim of the study was to examine if ERPs recorded during an oddball task would predict cognitive functioning and information processing speed in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients and controls at the individual level. Seventy-eight participants (35 MS patients, 43 healthy age-matched controls) completed visual and auditory 2- and 3-stimulus oddball tasks with 128-channel EEG, and a neuropsychological battery, at baseline (month 0) and at Months 13 and 26.

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Aug
2016

Speed of heart rate recovery (HRR) may serve as an important biomarker of aging and mortality.
To examine whether the speed of HRR after an orthostatic maneuver (ie, active stand from supine position) predicts mortality.
A longitudinal cohort study involving a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling older individuals aged ≥50 years.

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Dec
1969

Conduction along the optic nerve is often slowed in multiple sclerosis (MS). This is typically assessed by measuring the latency of the P100 component of the Visual Evoked Potential (VEP) using electroencephalography. The Visual Evoked Spread Spectrum Analysis (VESPA) method, which involves modulating the contrast of a continuous visual stimulus over time, can produce a visually evoked response analogous to the P100 but with a higher signal-to-noise ratio and potentially higher sensitivity to individual differences in comparison to the VEP.

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May
2016

A high resting heart rate (RHR) represents a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and individuals from poorer backgrounds have a higher RHR compared with their more advantaged peers. This study investigates the pathways through which low socioeconomic status (SES) contributes to a higher RHR.
The sample involved data for 4,888 respondents who were participating in the first wave of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing.

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Nov
2014

In this report, we provide the first normative reference data and prevalence estimates of impaired orthostatic blood pressure (BP) stabilization, initial orthostatic hypotension, and orthostatic hypotension based on beat-to-beat blood pressure methods in a population-representative sample.
Participants were recruited from a nationally representative cohort study (≥50 years). Beat-to-beat systolic BP, diastolic BP, and heart rate records were analyzed among those who underwent an active stand test (n=4475).

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Sep
2013

Resting fluctuations in the blood oxygenation level-dependent signal have attracted considerable interest for their sensitivity to pathological brain processes. However, these analyses are susceptible to confound by nonneural physiological factors such as vasculature, breathing, and head movement which is a concern when investigating elderly or pathological groups. Here, we used simultaneous electroencephalogram (EEG) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) (EEG/fMRI) to constrain the analysis of resting state networks (RSNs) and identify aging differences.

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Dec
1969

Cognitive impairment (CI), often examined with neuropsychological tests such as the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT), affects approximately 65% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The P3b event-related potential (ERP), evoked when an infrequent target stimulus is presented, indexes cognitive function and is typically compared across subjects' scalp electroencephalography (EEG) data. However, the clustering of independent components (ICs) is superior to scalp-based EEG methods because it can accommodate the spatiotemporal overlap inherent in scalp EEG data.

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Dec
1969

The technical challenges of recording electroencephalographic (EEG) data during motion are considerable, but would enable the possibility of investigating neural function associated with balance, motor function and motion perception. The challenges include finding a reliable method of motion stimulus reproduction, removing artifacts, and ensuring that the recordings retain sufficient EEG signal for proper interpretation. This study details the use of the P3 waveform to validate the concept of motion-based EEG data, and discusses some potential future uses in experimental and clinical settings.

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