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Author: Jamshed Warsi (28)


Dec
1969

β-Klotho, a transmembrane protein expressed in several tissues including the brain and the kidney, is critically important for inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation by FGF23. The extracellular domain of Klotho protein could be cleaved off, thus being released into blood or cerebrospinal fluid. Soluble klotho is a β-glucuronidase participating in the regulation of several ion channels and carriers.

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Dec
1969

The oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1 (OSR1) and the serine/threonine kinases SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) are under the control of WNK (with-no-K [Lys]) kinases. OSR1 and SPAK participate in diverse functions including cell volume regulation and neuronal excitability. Cell volume and neuronal excitation are further modified by the large conductance Ca2+-activated K+ channels (maxi K+ channel or BK channels).

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Dec
1969

Excitatory amino acid transporters EAAT1 (SLC1A3), EAAT2 (SLC1A2), EAAT3 (SLC1A1), and EAAT4 (SLC1A6) serve to clear L-glutamate from the synaptic cleft and are thus important for the limitation of neuronal excitation. EAAT3 has previously been shown to form complexes with caveolin-1, a major component of caveolae, which participate in the regulation of transport proteins. The present study explored the impact of caveolin-1 on electrogenic transport by excitatory amino acid transporter isoforms EAAT1-4.

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Dec
1969

Klotho, a transmembrane protein expressed in chorioid plexus of the brain, kidney, and several other tissues, is required for inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation by FGF23. The extracellular domain of Klotho protein could be cleaved off, thus being released into blood or cerebrospinal fluid. At least in part by exerting β-glucuronidase activity, soluble klotho regulates several ion channels and carriers.

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Dec
1969

The creatine transporter CreaT (SLC6A8), a Na+,Cl- coupled transporter is expressed in diverse tissues including the brain. Genetic defects of SLC6A8 result in mental retardation with seizures. The present study explored the regulation of CreaT by Janus kinase JAK3, which is expressed in a variety of tissues including the brain and participates in the regulation of cell survival and differentiation of neuronal precursor cells.

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Dec
1969

Janus kinase 3 (JAK3), a kinase mainly expressed in hematopoietic cells, has been shown to down-regulate the Na+/K+ ATPase and participate in the regulation of several ion channels and carriers. Channels expressed in thymus and regulating the abundance of T lymphocytes include the voltage gated K+ channel KCNE1/KCNQ1. The present study explored whether JAK3 contributes to the regulation of KCNE1/KCNQ1.

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Dec
1969

The voltage gated K+ channels Kv1.3 and Kv1.5 contribute to the orchestration of cell proliferation.

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Dec
1969

KCNQ1/E1 channels are expressed in diverse tissues and serve a variety of functions including endolymph secretion in the inner ear, cardiac repolarization, epithelial transport and cell volume regulation. Kinases involved in regulation of epithelial transport and cell volume include SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1), which are under control of WNK (with-no-K[Lys]) kinases. The present study explored whether KCNQ1/E1 channels are regulated by SPAK and/or OSR1.

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Dec
1969

SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1), kinases controlled by WNK (with-no-K[Lys] kinase), are powerful regulators of cellular ion transport and blood pressure. Observations in gene-targeted mice disclosed an impact of SPAK/OSR1 on phosphate metabolism. The present study thus tested whether SPAK and/or OSR1 contributes to the regulation of the intestinal Na(+)-coupled phosphate co-transporter NaPi-IIb (SLC34A2).

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Dec
1969

Janus kinase 3 (JAK3), a tyrosine kinase contributing to the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis of lymphocytes and tumour cells, has been shown to modify the expression and function of several ion channels and transport proteins. Channels involved in the regulation of cell proliferation include the large conductance voltage- and Ca(2+)-activated K(+) channel BK. The present study explored whether JAK3 modifies BK channel protein abundance and current.

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Dec
2015

SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1) are cell volume-sensitive kinases regulated by WNK (with-no-K[Lys]) kinases. SPAK/OSR1 regulate several channels and carriers. SPAK/OSR1 sensitive functions include neuronal excitability.

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Dec
1969

Kinases involved in the regulation of epithelial transport include SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1). SPAK and OSR1 are both regulated by WNK (with-no-K(Lys)) kinases. The present study explored whether SPAK and/or OSR1 influence the excitatory amino acid transporter EAAT3, which accomplishes glutamate and aspartate transport in kidney, intestine and brain.

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Dec
2015

The tyrosine kinase Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) participates in the regulation of cell proliferation and apoptosis. The kinase further influences ion channels and transport proteins. The present study explored whether JAK3 contributes to the regulation of the voltage-gated K(+) channel Kv1.

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Dec
1969

USP18 (Ubiquitin-like specific protease 18) is an enzyme cleaving ubiquitin from target proteins. USP18 plays a pivotal role in antiviral and antibacterial immune responses. On the other hand, ubiquitination participates in the regulation of several ion channels and transporters.

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Apr
2015

The janus-activated kinase 2 JAK2 participates in the signalling of several hormones including interferon, a powerful regulator of lymphocyte function. Lymphocyte activity and survival depend on the activity of the voltage-gated K(+) channel KCNA3 (Kv1.3).

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Dec
1969

The transmembrane Klotho protein contributes to inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation. The extracellular domain of Klotho protein could function as an enzyme with e.g.

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Dec
1969

OSR1 (oxidative-stress-responsive kinase 1) participates in the regulation of renal tubular ion transport, cell volume and blood pressure. Whether OSR1 contributes to the regulation of organic solute transport remained; however, elusive. The present study thus explored the OSR1 sensitivity of the peptide transporters PEPT1 and PEPT2.

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Dec
1969

SPAK (STE20-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) is a powerful regulator of renal tubular ion transport and blood pressure. Moreover, SPAK contributes to the regulation of cell volume. Little is known, however, about a role of SPAK in the regulation or organic solutes.

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Dec
1969

SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1) are powerful regulators of diverse transport processes. Both kinases are activated by cell shrinkage and participate in stimulation of regulatory cell volume increase (RVI). Execution of RVI involves inhibition of Cl- channels.

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Dec
1969

The kinases SPAK (SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase) and OSR1 (oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1) participate in the regulation of the NaCl cotransporter NCC and the Na+, K+, 2Cl- cotransporter NKCC2. The kinases are regulated by WNK (with-no-K[Lys]) kinases. Mutations of genes encoding WNK kinases underly Gordon's syndrome, a monogenic disease leading to hypertension and hyperkalemia.

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Oct
2014

Piperlongumine, a component of Piper longum fruit, is considered as a treatment for malignancy. It is effective by inducing apoptosis. Mechanisms involved in the apoptotic action of piperlongumine include oxidative stress and activation of p38 kinase.

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Feb
2015

SPS1-related proline/alanine-rich kinase (SPAK) and oxidative stress-responsive kinase 1 (OSR1) are potent regulators of several transporters and ion channels. The kinases are under regulation of with-no-K(Lys) (WNK) kinases. The present study explored whether SPAK and/or OSR1 modify the expression and/or activity of the voltage-gated K(+) channel Kv1.

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Aug
2014

Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) contributes to cytokine receptor signaling, confers cell survival and stimulates cell proliferation. The gain of function mutation JAK3(A572V) is found in acute megakaryoplastic leukemia. Replacement of ATP coordinating lysine by alanine yields inactive JAK3(K855A).

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May
2014

Janus kinase-3 (JAK3) fosters proliferation and counteracts apoptosis of lymphocytes and tumor cells. The gain of function mutation (A572V)JAK3 has been discovered in acute megakaryoplastic leukemia. JAK3 is inactivated by replacement of lysine by alanine in the catalytic subunit ((K855A)JAK3).

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Dec
2013

The tyrosine kinase Janus kinase 3 (JAK3) contributes to signaling regulating the proliferation and apoptosis of lymphocytes and tumor cells. Replacement of lysine by alanine in the catalytic subunit yields the inactive (K851A)JAK3 mutant that underlies severe combined immune deficiency. The gain-of-function mutation (A572V)JAK3 is found in acute megakaryoplastic leukemia and T cell lymphoma.

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Dec
1969

Janus-activated kinase-2 JAK2 participates in the signaling of several hormones including growth hormone, fosters tumor growth and modifies the activity of several Na(+) coupled nutrient transporters. Peptide uptake into intestinal and tumor cells is accomplished by electrogenic peptide transporters PEPT1 and PEPT2. The present study thus explored whether JAK2 contributes to the regulation of PEPT1 and PEPT2 activity.

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