Helping You Find Full Text Journal Articles

Search Results:

Author: Jennifer McGinley (65)


Dec
1969

Two-wheel bike riding can be a goal for children with cerebral palsy (CP) and a means of participating in physical activity. It is possible for some children with CP to ride a two-wheel bike; however, currently far fewer can ride compared with their typically developing peers. Evidence supports training targeted towards goals of the child with CP and their family; yet there is little evidence to guide best-practice bike skills training.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2017

Individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have demonstrated balance impairment and a higher fall incidence. However, these have not been investigated in acute exacerbations of the disease (ECOPD). This study evaluates balance in patients during an ECOPD compared to stable COPD and healthy controls, and examines the fall incidence rate after hospitalisation due to ECOPD compared to individuals with stable COPD.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2017

Children and adolescents with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) report problems with gait. Little is known about gait changes over time in children with this degenerative disease. This prospective longitudinal study investigated change in spatio-temporal gait parameters and functional ambulation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Falls are common and debilitating in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) and restrict participation in daily activities. Understanding circumstances of falls in the community and at home may assist clinicians to target therapy more effectively.
To compare the characteristics of community and home fallers and the circumstances that contribute to falls in people living with PD.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Apr
2017

For people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, does a 6-week, comprehensive, home exercise program reduce falls and disability and improve health-related quality of life? Is the program cost-effective?
Randomised, controlled trial with concealed allocation and assessor blinding.
One hundred and thirty-three community-dwelling adults with Parkinson's disease.
The experimental group completed a 6-week home program comprising progressive resistance strength training, movement strategy training and falls education.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2016

Clinical gait analysis incorporating three-dimensional motion analysis plays a key role in planning surgical treatments in people with gait disability. The position of the Hip Joint Centre (HJC) within the pelvis is thus critical to ensure accurate data interpretation. The position of the HJC is determined from regression equations based on anthropometric measurements derived from relatively small datasets.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2016

Motor impairments are one of the most frequently reported adverse neurodevelopmental consequences in children born < 30 weeks' gestation. Up to 15% of children born at < 30 weeks have cerebral palsy and an additional 50% have mild to severe motor impairment at school age. The first 5 years of life are critical for the development of fundamental motor skills.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2016

Symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease typically arise in childhood or adolescence with gait difficulty most common. A systematic review was conducted to synthesise, review, and characterise gait in paediatric CMT. Health-related electronic databases were reviewed with search terms related to CMT and gait.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2017

The cerebellum appears to play a key role in the development of internal rules that allow fast, predictive adjustments to novel stimuli. This is crucial for adaptive motor processes, such as those involved in walking, where cerebellar dysfunction has been found to increase variability in gait parameters. Motor adaptation is a process that results in a progressive reduction in errors as movements are adjusted to meet demands, and within the cerebellum, this seems to be localised primarily within the right hemisphere.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2016

We explored the relationship between accidental injuries, motor impairment, and co-occurring autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptoms in children with ADHD-combined type (ADHD-CT).
Participants were 32 male children diagnosed with ADHD-CT and 23 typically developing male children (7-12 years, full scale IQ [FSIQ] > 80). Parents completed a customized questionnaire on the occurrence of accidental injuries (e.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2016

To examine the kinematic gait deviations at the trunk and pelvis of children with hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP).
This exploratory observational study quantified gait kinematics for the trunk and pelvis from 11 children with HSP (7 males, 4 females) using the Gait Profile Score and Gait Variable Scores (GVS), and compared the kinematics to data from children with typical development using a Mann-Whitney U test.
Children with HSP (median age 11y 4mo, interquartile range 4y) demonstrated large deviations in the GVS for the trunk and pelvis in the sagittal and coronal planes when compared to the gait patterns of children with typical development (p=0.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2016

Objectives The aim of the present study was to quantify the baseline variation in health-related quality of life (HRQOL) between individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD) referred to a comprehensive care program and those attending standard neurological services. Methods Participants included individuals with PD receiving conventional care from neurologists in private practice and individuals referred to a comprehensive inter-professional team hospital out-patient service. The Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39) and the EuroQoL (EQ-5D-3L) were used to quantify HRQOL.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2015

This study examined the rates of follow-up for a cohort of extremely preterm (EP -<28weeks gestation) and/or extremely low birthweight (ELBW -<1000g) children at two years with related perinatal and geographical factors. The secondary aim was to determine the rates of developmental delay and disability.
A retrospective review of two year follow-up data for all EP and/or ELBW infants born in a large tertiary neonatal hospital over a two year period was undertaken.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2015

Despite evidence of an increased fall risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), there is a paucity of prospective fall data in this population. This preliminary study aimed to prospectively examine the prevalence rate, incidence rate and associated risk factors for falls in a sample of community-dwelling people with COPD over 1 year.
Forty-one participants with stable COPD (mean ± SD) aged 71 ± 8 years with a forced expiratory volume in 1 s of 45.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2015

The Microsoft Kinect has been used previously to assess spatiotemporal aspects of gait; however the reliability of this system for the assessment of people following stroke has not been established. This study examined the reliability and additional information that the Kinect provides when instrumenting a gait assessment in people living with stroke.
The spatiotemporal variables of step length, step length asymmetry, foot swing velocity, foot swing velocity asymmetry, peak and mean gait speed and the percentage difference between the peak and mean gait speed were assessed during gait trials in 30 outpatients more than three months post-stroke and able to stand unsupported.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Objective. Describe perceived cause, environmental influences, and consequences of falls or near-falls in ambulant adults with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Apr
2015

Increased fear of falling (FOF) has been associated with impaired physical function, reduced physical activity and increased fall risk in older adults. Preliminary evidence suggests that individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may have an increased FOF. This study aims to compare the level of FOF in people with COPD with healthy controls, and to determine the associations between FOF and measures of physical function, physical activity and fall risk in COPD.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2015

Older adults who have received inpatient rehabilitation often have significant mobility disability at discharge. Physical activity levels in rehabilitation are also low. It is hypothesized that providing increased physical activity to older people receiving hospital-based rehabilitation will lead to better mobility outcomes at discharge.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2015

Falls are common and disabling in people with Parkinson's disease (PD). There is a need to quantify the effects of movement rehabilitation on falls in PD.
To evaluate 2 physical therapy interventions in reducing falls in PD.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

The Wii Balance Board (WBB) is a globally accessible device that shows promise as a clinically useful balance assessment tool. Although the WBB has been found to be comparable to a laboratory-grade force platform for obtaining centre of pressure data, it has not been comprehensively studied in clinical populations. The aim of this study was to investigate the measurement properties of tests utilising the WBB in people after stroke.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2015

To investigate the safety, feasibility and potential efficacy of balance training in adults with cerebral palsy.
Phase 2, assessor-blinded randomized controlled trial.
Outpatient rehabilitation facility.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2015

To identify measurement tools used for upper limb evaluation in people with Parkinson disease (PD), to summarize the content of each tool using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, and to examine the reliability, validity, clinical utility, and responsiveness of the measurement tools specific to this clinical group.
Two systematic searches of online databases included articles published from inception to November 2013.
Search 1 identified upper limb measures.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2014

Despite an increasing number of studies examining the profile of falls and mobility decline in adults with cerebral palsy (CP), little is known about its impact on an individual's life quality. The aim of this preliminary study was to assess the wellbeing and health status aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in ambulant adults with CP and explore the relationship of falls and mobility decline with HRQOL.
Ambulant adults with CP completed postal surveys which sought demographic data, mobility (Gross Motor Function Classification System; GMFCS-E&R), presence of mobility decline, falls history, and HRQOL (Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI), Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36)).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2014

This study aimed to compare the gait of children with ADHD - Combined Type (ADHD-CT) to typically developing (TD) children. Children with ADHD-CT (n=14; mean age 10 years 4 months) and a TD group (n=13; mean age 10 years 9 months) walked at self-selected slow, preferred and fast speed on an electronic walkway system. Participants completed a total of 15 walking trials; 5 trials per walking condition.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2015

Background. The Microsoft Kinect presents a simple, inexpensive, and portable method of examining the independent components of the Timed Up and Go (TUG) without any intrusion on the patient. Objective.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2014

To investigate the feasibility and potential efficacy of the Nintendo Wii™ for balance rehabilitation after stroke.
Phase II, single-blind, randomized controlled trial.
Inpatient rehabilitation facility.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2014

Soft tissue artifact (STA) has been identified as the most critical source of error in clinical gait analysis. Multiple calibration is a technique to reduce the impact of STA on kinematic data, which involves several static calibrations through the range of motion of the joint of interest. This study investigated how skin markers at the pelvis were displaced in relation to anatomical body landmarks in multiple static calibration positions.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

This study describes the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of Australians living with Parkinson disease (PD) and compares the findings to international reports.
The Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 (PDQ-39) was used to measure HRQOL in 210 individuals with PD living in Australia. In parallel, a tailored literature search identified previous studies on HROQL in people with PD.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Apr
2013

Balance deficits following stroke are common and debilitating. Commercially available gaming systems, such as the Nintendo(®) (Kyoto, Japan) Wii™, have been widely adopted clinically; however, there is limited evidence supporting their feasibility and efficacy for improving balance performance following stroke. The aim of this trial is to investigate the clinical feasibility and efficacy of using the Nintendo Wii gaming system as an adjunct to standard care to improve balance performance following stroke in an inpatient rehabilitation setting.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2013

Motor proficiency was investigated in a sample of children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-Combined type (ADHD-CT) without autism. Accounting for the influence of co-morbid autistic symptoms in ADHD motor studies is vital given that motor impairment has been linked to social-communication symptoms in children who have co-morbid ADHD and autistic-like symptoms. Two groups of children aged between 7-14 years were recruited; children with ADHD-CT (n = 16; mean age 10 years, 7 months [SD = 1 year, 10 months]) and a typically developing (n = 16; mean age 10 years, 6 months [SD = 2 years, 6 months]) group.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2013

To identify the demographic factors, impairments and activity limitations that contribute to health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD).
Two hundred and ten individuals with idiopathic PD who participated in the baseline assessment of a randomized clinical trial were included. The Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 summary index was used to quantify HRQOL.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2015

This study investigated the relationship between motor performance and social-communicative impairment in children with ADHD-combined type (ADHD-CT).
An upper limb Fitts' aiming task was used as a measure of motor performance and the Social Responsiveness Scale as a measure of social-communicative/autistic impairment in the following groups: ADHD-CT (n = 11) and typically developing (TD) controls (n = 10).
Children with ADHD-CT displayed greater variability in their movements, reflected in increased error variance over repeated aiming trials compared with TD controls.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2012

The relationship between health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in people with Parkinson's disease and their caregivers is little understood and any effects on caregiver strain remain unclear. This paper examines these relationships in an Australian sample.
Using the generic EuroQol (EQ-5D) and disease-specific Parkinson's Disease Questionnaire-39 Item (PDQ-39), HRQoL was evaluated in a sample of 97 people with PD and their caregivers.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2012

The high incidence of falls associated with Parkinson's disease (PD) increases the risk of injuries and immobility and compromises quality of life. Although falls education and strengthening programs have shown some benefit in healthy older people, the ability of physical therapy interventions in home settings to reduce falls and improve mobility in people with Parkinson's has not been convincingly demonstrated.
180 community living people with PD will be randomly allocated to receive either a home-based integrated rehabilitation program (progressive resistance strength training, movement strategy training and falls education) or a home-based life skills program (control intervention).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Apr
2012

The minimally clinically important difference (MCID) is an important concept for interpreting the results of clinical research. This paper proposes a rationale for defining an MCID for the Gait Profile Score (GPS) based on an analysis of the difference in median GPS for children classified at different levels of the Functional Assessment Questionnaire. A strong linear correlation between median score and FAQ level was found.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Both efficacy and clinical feasibility deserve consideration in translation of research outcomes. This study evaluated the feasibility of rehabilitation programs within the context of a large randomized controlled trial of physical therapy. Ambulant participants with Parkinson's disease (PD) (n = 210) were randomized into three groups: (1) progressive strength training (PST); (2) movement strategy training (MST); or (3) control ("life skills").

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2012

To conduct a systematic review of single-event multilevel surgery (SEMLS) for children with cerebral palsy, with the aim of evaluating the quality of the evidence and developing recommendations for future research.
The systematic review was conducted using standard search and extraction methods in Medline, EMBASE, CINAHL, and Cochrane electronic databases. For the purposes of this review, SEMLS was defined as two or more soft-tissue or bony surgical procedures at two or more anatomical levels during one operative procedure, requiring only one hospital admission and one period of rehabilitation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2012

This paper examines the upper-limb movement kinematics of young children (3-7 years) with high-functioning autism using a point-to-point movement paradigm. Consistent with prior findings in older children, a difference in movement preparation was found in the autism group (n = 11) relative to typically developing children. In contrast to typically developing children, the presence of a visual distractor in the movement task did not appear to impact on early movement planning or execution in children with autism, suggesting that this group were not considering all available environmental cues to modulate movement.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2012

Gait disorders are common in people with Parkinson's disease (PD) yet their associations with activity limitations remain poorly understood. The objective of this review is to investigate the relationships between gait impairments and activity limitations in people with idiopathic PD. Six electronic databases (MEDLINE ISI, CINAHL, Web of Science ISI, EMBASE, PsycINFO and Scopus) were systematically searched using relevant terms to source for English-language studies published between 1900 and January 2011.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2012

The relationship of motor proficiency with emotional/behavioural disturbance, autistic symptoms and communication disturbance was investigated in children diagnosed with autism and Asperger's disorder (AD). The Movement Assessment Battery for Children was used as a measure of motor impairment, and the Developmental Behavioural Checklist was used as a measure of emotional/behavioural disturbance in the following groups: AD (n = 22), high functioning autism (HFA) (n = 23), LFA (n = 8) and typically developing children (n = 20). The HFA group had more difficulty with motor items, such as ball skills and balance, than did the AD group.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2011

Although physical therapy and falls prevention education are argued to reduce falls and disability in people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, this has not yet been confirmed with a large scale randomised controlled clinical trial. The study will investigate the effects on falls, mobility and quality of life of (i) movement strategy training combined with falls prevention education, (ii) progressive resistance strength training combined with falls prevention education, (iii) a generic life-skills social program (control group).
People with idiopathic Parkinson's disease who live at home will be recruited and randomly allocated to one of three groups.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2011

To investigate the relationships between freezing of gait (FOG) and activity limitations in ambulant people with Parkinson's disease (PD), and to explore the contribution of FOG and gait hypokinesia to activity limitations after adjusting for the effects of disease severity.
Retrospective, cross-sectional design.
Participants were recruited from neurologists' clinics and the general public in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

May
2012

Autism and Asperger's disorder (AD) are characterised by impairments in social interaction, stereotypic behaviours or restricted interests. Although currently listed as distinct clinical disorders, the validity of their distinction remains controversial. This study examined gait in children with autism and AD.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2011

it is uncertain as to which measures of gait best predict those who are likely to fall. Our aim was to investigate the associations of gait and gait variability measures with incident falls risk.
individuals aged 60-86 years (n = 412) were randomly selected from the Tasmanian electoral roll.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2011

There is growing awareness of the need to measure quality of life (QOL) in people with Parkinson's disease during routine physiotherapy assessment. This paper highlights why it is important for clinicians to focus particularly on health-related QOL (HRQOL) when assessing people with this disabling and progressive neurological condition, and provides a guide for selection of the most appropriate instruments for measuring HRQOL. Using measures of health utility, health status and wellbeing, physiotherapists can better understand the social, physical and emotional consequences of Parkinson's disease.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2011

Previous studies have reported that people with the neurodevelopmental disorder Williams syndrome exhibit difficulties with visuomotor control. In the current study, we examined the extent to which visuomotor deficits were associated with movement planning or feedback-based on-line control. We used a variant of the Fitts' reciprocal aiming task on a computerized touchscreen in adults with WS, IQ-matched individuals with Down syndrome (DS), and typically developing controls.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2011

This systematic review critically evaluates the literature to identify the demographic and clinical factors that predict the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Understanding how these factors relate to HRQOL in people with PD may assist clinicians minimise the functional and social impact of the disease by optimising their assessment and clinical decision making processes. A tailored search strategy in six databases identified 29 full-text reports that fulfilled the pre-defined inclusion and exclusion criteria.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2010

Is motor dysfunction core to autism spectrum disorder?

Dev Med Child Neurol 2010 Aug 19;52(8):697. Epub 2010 Mar 19.
Nicole Rinehart, Jennifer McGinley

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

May
2010

The Gait Profile Score (GPS) is a single index measure that summarises the overall deviation of kinematic gait data relative to normative data. The GPS can be decomposed to provide Gait Variable Scores (GVS) of nine key component kinematic gait variables, which are presented as a Movement Analysis Profile (MAP). The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity of the GPS and MAP relative to clinician judgments.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Back to top