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Author: Joanne Rader (5)


Dec
1969

A national movement to transform U.S. nursing homes is occurring with the intent to support self-determination, dignity and choice for nursing home residents facilitated by the continuation of their routines and preferences.

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Dec
1969

Significant contact between nursing staff and nursing home residents with dementia occurs during assistance with activities of daily living during morning care; however, the content and process of morning care have received little attention in the scientific literature. To better understand the morning care process and its role in generation of pain symptoms, 51 videotaped episodes of morning care involving 17 nursing home residents from 3 long-term care facilities were coded and analyzed; each resident had a diagnosis of dementia and concern about possible pain during assistance with activities of daily living. The typical morning care episode involved performance of multiple activities of daily living during a short period of time, during which pain stimulation and expression occurred frequently.

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Aug
2006

When cognitively impaired nursing home residents exhibit agitated and aggressive behaviors during bathing, nursing home caregivers are in a unique position to improve residents' experience. This report addresses whether certified nursing assistants (CNAs) who received training in a person-centered approach with showering and with the towel bath showed improved caregiving behaviors (gentleness and verbal support) and experienced greater preparedness (confidence and ease) and less distress (hassles) when assisting residents with bathing.
We used a crossover design and randomized 15 nursing homes into two treatment groups and a control group of 5 facilities each.

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Apr
2006

Older adults who need assistance with bathing often find the activity to be both physically and emotionally demanding, as do their caregivers. Research has identified several contributing factors, including pain; fatigue and weakness; confusion; anxiety resulting from being naked in front of strangers, being afraid of falling, and being in a noisy or unfamiliar place; and discomfort from cold or drafty bathing areas or harsh water sprays. The authors of this article make the case for the elimination of forced bathing.

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Nov
2004

To evaluate the efficacy of two nonpharmacological techniques in reducing agitation, aggression, and discomfort in nursing home residents with dementia. The techniques evaluated were person-centered showering and the towel bath (a person-centered, in-bed bag-bath with no-rinse soap).
A randomized, controlled trial, with a usual-care control group and two experimental groups, with crossover.

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