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Author: Julia Vainonen (21)


Oct
2017

The A. thaliana RCD1 (radical-induced cell death1) protein is a cellular signaling hub protein which interacts with numerous plant transcription factors from different families. It consists of three conserved domains and intervening unstructured regions, the C-terminal RST domain being responsible for the interactions with the transcription factors.

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Dec
1969

Poly(ADP-ribos)ylation, originally described as a mechanism of DNA break repair, is now considered as part of a complex regulatory system involved in dynamic reorganization of chromatin structure, transcriptional control of gene expression and regulation of metabolism. In plants poly(ADP-ribos)ylation has received surprisingly little attention. It has been implicated in abiotic and biotic stress responses, cell cycle control and development; however, the molecular mechanisms and proteins involved are largely unknown.

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Jan
2015

Recognition of extracellular peptides by plasma membrane-localized receptor proteins is commonly used in signal transduction. In plants, very little is known about how extracellular peptides are processed and activated in order to allow recognition by receptors. Here, we show that induction of cell death in planta by a secreted plant protein GRIM REAPER (GRI) is dependent on the activity of the type II metacaspase METACASPASE-9.

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May
2015

Wavelengths in the ultraviolet (UV) region of the solar spectrum, UV-B (280-315 nm) and UV-A (315-400 nm), are key environmental signals modifying several aspects of plant physiology. Despite significant advances in the understanding of plant responses to UV-B and the identification of signalling components involved, there is limited information on the molecular mechanisms that control UV-B signalling in plants under natural sunlight. Here, we aimed to corroborate the previous suggested role for RADICAL-INDUCED CELL DEATH1 (RCD1) in UV-B signalling under full spectrum sunlight.

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Feb
2015

Plant signalling in acute ozone exposure.

Plant Cell Environ 2015 Feb 19;38(2):240-52. Epub 2014 Feb 19.
Julia P Vainonen, Jaakko Kangasjärvi
Exposure of plants to high ozone concentrations causes lesion formation in sensitive plants. Plant responses to ozone involve fast and massive changes in protein activities, gene expression and metabolism even before any tissue damage can be detected. Degradation of ozone and subsequent accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the extracellular space activates several signalling cascades, which are integrated inside the cell into a fine-balanced network of ROS signalling.

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Dec
1969

The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in different plant subcellular compartments is the hallmark of the response to many stress stimuli and developmental cues. The past two decades have seen a transition from regarding ROS as exclusively cytotoxic agents to being considered as reactive compounds which participate in elaborate signaling networks connecting various aspects of plant life. We have now arrived at a stage where it has become increasingly difficult to disregard the communication between different types and pools of ROS.

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Feb
2013

Photomorphogenic responses triggered by low fluence rates of ultraviolet B radiation (UV-B; 280-315 nm) are mediated by the UV-B photoreceptor UV RESISTANCE LOCUS8 (UVR8). Beyond our understanding of the molecular mechanisms of UV-B perception by UVR8, there is still limited information on how the UVR8 pathway functions under natural sunlight. Here, wild-type Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) and the uvr8-2 mutant were used in an experiment outdoors where UV-A (315-400 nm) and UV-B irradiances were attenuated using plastic films.

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Mar
2012

Transcriptional regulation of gene expression is one major determinant of developmental control and stress adaptation in virtually all living organisms. In recent years numerous transcription factors controlling various aspects of plant life have been identified. The activity of transcription factors needs to be regulated to prevent unspecific, prolonged or inappropriate responses.

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Nov
2010

Cyanobacteria developed efficient carbon concentrating mechanisms which significantly improve the photosynthetic performance and survival of cells under limiting CO(2) conditions. Dynamic changes of the Synechocystis proteome to CO(2) limitation were investigated using shotgun LC-MS/MS approach with isobaric tag for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) technique. Synechocystis cells grown at high (3%) CO(2) were shifted to air-level CO(2) followed by protein extraction after 6, 24, and 72 h.

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Mar
2010

The SROs (SIMILAR TO RCD-ONE) are a group of plant-specific proteins which have important functions in stress adaptation and development. They contain the catalytic core of the poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) domain and a C-terminal RST (RCD-SRO-TAF4) domain. In addition to these domains, several, but not all, SROs contain an N-terminal WWE domain.

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Oct
2009

RADICAL-INDUCED CELL DEATH1 (RCD1) is an important regulator of stress and hormonal and developmental responses in Arabidopsis thaliana. Together with its closest homolog, SIMILAR TO RCD-ONE1 (SRO1), it is the only Arabidopsis protein containing the WWE domain, which is known to mediate protein-protein interactions in other organisms. Additionally, these two proteins contain the core catalytic region of poly-ADP-ribose transferases and a conserved C-terminal domain.

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Dec
1969

Light- and redox-controlled reversible phosphorylation of thylakoid proteins regulates short- and long-term acclimation of plants to environmental cues. The major phosphoproteins in thylakoids belong to photosystem II and its light-harvesting antenna but phosphorylation of subunits of other thylakoid protein complexes has been detected as well. The detection methods include electrophoretic separation of proteins and detection of phosphoproteins with a phosphoaminoacid-specific antibody or phosphoprotein-specific dye.

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Apr
2008

Exposure of Arabidopsis thaliana plants to high levels of light revealed specific phosphorylation of a 40 kDa protein in photosynthetic thylakoid membranes. The protein was identified by MS as extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaS), previously reported to be located in the plasma membrane. By confocal laser scanning microscopy and subcellular fractionation, it was demonstrated that CaS localizes to the chloroplasts and is enriched in stroma thylakoids.

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Sep
2007

A proteome analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana thylakoid-associated polysome nascent chain complexes was performed to find novel proteins involved in the biogenesis, maintenance and turnover of thylakoid protein complexes, in particular the PSII (photosystem II) complex, which exhibits a high turnover rate. Four unknown proteins were identified, of which TLP18.3 (thylakoid lumen protein of 18.

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Nov
2006

The mobile part of the light-harvesting chlorophyll (chl) a/b protein complex (LHCII), composed of the Lhcb1 and Lhcb2 proteins, is the basic unit of chloroplast state transitions--the short term tuning system in balancing the excitation energy between Photosystem (PS) II and PSI. State transitions are catalysed by the thylakoid associated STN7 kinase, and we show here that besides the phosphorylation of the Lhcb1 and Lhcb2 proteins, also the phosphorylation of Lhcb4.2 (CP29) is under the control of the STN7 kinase.

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May
2006

Acclimation of the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii to limiting environmental CO2 induced specific protein phosphorylation at the surface of photosynthetic thylakoid membranes. Four phosphopeptides were identified and sequenced by nanospray quadrupole TOF MS from the cells acclimating to limiting CO2. One phosphopeptide originated from a protein that has not been annotated.

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Aug
2005

We show that the thylakoid membrane phosphoprotein TMP14 is a novel subunit of plant photosystem I (PSI). Blue native/SDS-PAGE and sucrose gradient fractionation demonstrated the association of the protein exclusively with PSI. We designate the protein PSI-P.

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Sep
2005

Combination of reversed genetics with analyses of in vivo protein phosphorylation in Arabidopsis thaliana revealed that STN8 protein kinase is specific in phosphorylation of N-terminal threonine residues in D1, D2, and CP43 proteins, and Thr-4 in the PsbH protein of photosystem II. Phosphorylation of D1, D2, and CP43 in the light-exposed leaves of two Arabidopsis lines with T-DNA insertions in the stn8 gene was found significantly reduced in the assays with anti-phosphothreonine antibodies. Protein phosphorylation in each of the mutants was quantified comparatively to the wild type by mass spectrometric analyses of phosphopeptides released from the photosynthetic membranes and differentially labeled with stable isotopes.

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Oct
2004

Caveolae, the specialized invaginations of plasma membranes, formed sealed vesicles with outwards-orientated cytosolic surface after isolation from primary human adipocytes. This morphology allowed differential, vectorial identification of proteins at the opposite membrane surfaces by proteolysis and MS. Extracellular-exposed caveolae-specific proteins CD36 and copper-containing amine oxidase were concealed inside the vesicles and resisted trypsin treatment.

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Jul
2004

Caveolin, the principal structural protein of caveolae membrane domains, has a cytosol-exposed N-terminal part that was cleaved off by trypsin treatment of caveolae vesicles isolated from primary human adipocytes. Sequencing of the released tryptic peptides by nanospray quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry revealed that both caveolin-1alpha and caveolin-1beta were processed by excision of the starting methionines. The N-terminus of the mature caveolin-1alpha was acetylated, while caveolin-1beta was found in acetylated as well as in non-acetylated forms.

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Jan
2003

Escherichia coli inorganic pyrophosphatase (E-PPase) is a homohexamer formed from two trimers related by a two-fold axis. The residue Asp26 participates in intertrimeric contacts. Kinetics of MgPPi hydrolysis by a mutant Asp26Ala E-PPase is found to not obey Michaelis-Menten equation but can be described within the scheme of activation of hydrolysis by a free PPi binding at an effectory subsite.

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