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Author: Kate Steinbeck (22)


Jan
2018

Iron is an essential micronutrient for human health and inadequate intake may result in iron deficiency (ID) or iron deficiency anaemia (IDA). Unlike other recent studies investigating iron status in young women, this cross-sectional study analysed dietary intake and biochemical data from healthy young (18-35 years) women (= 299) to determine the association between both haem iron (HI) and non-haem iron (NHI) intakes and serum ferritin (SF). Dietary restraint and possible inflammation secondary to obesity were also measured and accounted for, and energy intake was adjusted for using the residuals method.

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Dec
2017

Hypoglycaemia in cystic fibrosis (CF) is known to occur during oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT) and continuous glucose monitoring, however demographic, clinical and mechanistic data are limited. The aims of this study were to review patient electronic medical records (EMR) in order to 1) describe patient characteristics of a university teaching hospital CF clinic, 2) determine the prevalence of hypoglycaemia on OGTT and explore associations with demographic and clinical characteristics, and 3) explore patient reported symptoms suggestive of hypoglycaemia documented in the EMR.
Adults who attended the RPA CF clinic between January 2009 to April 2016 were included in the study.

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Aug
2016

In Australia and New Zealand, a critical mass of academic and clinical leadership in Adolescent Medicine has helped advance models of clinical services, drive investments in teaching and training, and strengthen research capacity over the past 30 years. There is growing recognition of the importance of influencing the training of adult physicians as well as paediatricians. The Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) is responsible for overseeing all aspects of specialist physician training across the two countries.

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Aug
2014

Food insecurity is recognised as an increasing problem in disadvantaged and marginalised groups. The aim of this study was to investigate issues associated with food insecurity and nutrition in young people experiencing, or at risk of, homelessness in metropolitan Australia.
Eight focus group discussions were conducted with 48 young people (aged between 15 and 25 years) in specialist homelessness services in central and south-western Sydney.

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Sep
2014

Individuals with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) have a significant reduction in the number of oxytocin-producing neurons (42%) in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. A number of animal studies and observations of humans show that lesions in this region can produce PWS-like symptoms. Given the evidence for potential oxytocin deficiency, we tested the effects of a course of intranasal oxytocin on PWS symptoms.

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Oct
2014

To examine and compare the presenting characteristics and the change in the physical and psychosocial functioning of adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or somatoform disorders who have received an adaptable multidisciplinary intervention over a 12-month period.
Fifty adolescents presenting to the Complex Adolescent Clinic at The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, Australia were assessed. Their physical and psychosocial functioning was rated by the adolescents and their parents using the Child Health Questionnaire.

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Jul
2014

Homelessness during adolescence impacts negatively upon young people's physical and mental wellbeing. To be effective, programs aimed at addressing the health needs of this population must include knowledge of both the presenting and underlying acute and chronic conditions that characterise this high risk group of youth.
We undertook a systematic review of the international literature for studies that used validated instruments and techniques to diagnose prevalence rates of physical and mental health disorders in homeless adolescents.

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Jun
2014

Adolescent and young adult medicine is a concept that has gained traction in the last decade or so. The medical literature has come primarily from oncology. Advances in neuroscience that document continuing brain development into the third decade, and research that shows risk behaviours associated with adolescence both remain and may increase in the third decade, have been two of the drivers in the conversation around linking these two age groups together as a medical practice group.

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Dec
1969

A systematic review was conducted to assess what is known about the effect of low glycaemic index (GI) diets on glycaemic control, weight and quality of life in youth with cystic fibrosis (CF). Eligibility criteria were systematic reviews, randomised and non-randomised trials of low GI dietary interventions in CF. Outcomes examined were glycaemic control, quality of life, anthropometry and respiratory function.

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Dec
2009

Obesity and nutrition in adolescents.

Adolesc Med State Art Rev 2009 Dec;20(3):900-14, ix
Kate Steinbeck
Adolescence is a period of life that encompasses rapid physical growth and dramatic psychosocial change. Over the centuries, humans have evolved an energy balance system that is biased toward fat storage. Obesity has become the most prevalent nutritional concern in adolescents, and clearly it has a complex etiology that includes both genetic and lifestyle aspects.

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Feb
2009

Recent reports have suggested that the problem of childhood and adolescent obesity has been exaggerated in Australia, and that community-wide obesity prevention initiatives are not warranted; we argue that this is not an accurate reflection of the situation. Available data indicate that obesity affects 6%-8% of Australian schoolchildren, and that the proportion has continued to increase in recent years. Childhood and adolescent obesity is associated with a wide range of immediate health concerns, as well as increasing the risk of disease in adulthood.

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Dec
2007

Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic disorder (linked to chromosome 15q11-13) characterized by hypotonia and developmental delay, hyperphagia and obesity, hypersomnia and abnormal sleep, and behavioral problems. Such patients may also be at increased risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), although whether this risk is explained by known risk factors has not previously been directly tested. Our aim was to compare sleep and breathing in an older group of patients with Prader-Willi syndrome with a control group-matched on the basis of age, sex, and body mass index (BMI)-in order to determine which specific features are not explained by these known confounders.

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Aug
2007

The prevalence of overweight and obesity continues to increase in adolescents. Community level management is necessary as specialist services are limited.
This article outlines a management plan for the overweight adolescent in general practice, using a chronic care approach and follows the National Health and Medical Research Council Clinical practice guidelines for the management of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents.

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Dec
1969

South Asian adults are known to have very high rates of Coronary heart disease (CHD) and insulin resistance and, even as adolescents, may show higher risk factors for CHD. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of small, dense low density lipoprotein (sdLDL) subclasses in a cohort of adolescent boys. The specific objective was to investigate the relationship between measures of fatness, ethnicity and LDL diameter in this cohort.

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Apr
2005

The most important need is for a change of attitude and approach.

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Dec
2004

The future of obesity management.

Clin Obstet Gynecol 2004 Dec;47(4):942-56; discussion 980-1
Kate S Steinbeck

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Dec
1969

Research has demonstrated that the simultaneous determination of waist circumference and fasting plasma triglyceride (TG) concentrations can identify men characterized by a metabolic triad of unconventional risk variables: increased levels of fasting insulin, apolipoprotein (apo) B, and a predominance of small, dense, low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of using "hypertriglyceridemic waist" to identify individuals at high risk of CVD in a sample of indigenous Australian women, for whom 2 of the 3 non-traditional risk factors were measured (apo B and insulin). Subjects (N=80) were divided into subgroups on the basis of waist girth and TG levels.

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Jun
2003

The present study was undertaken to explore the psychosocial functioning of young people with chronic illness, their beliefs about treatment adherence, difficulties with adherence and concerns about living with their illness. A small correlational study was undertaken to compare the psychosocial functioning of young people, with and without chronic illness, aged between 12 and 24 years. Subjects were recruited from a metropolitan teaching hospital.

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Jun
2002

To describe a cohort of survivors of childhood malignancy at risk of developing thyroid abnormality, and propose guidelines for management of such patients.
Retrospective case series.
Late-effects oncology clinic at a large children's hospital in Sydney.

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