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Author: Katrin Beckmann (18)


Jan
2017

In vivo diagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis is difficult due to high seroprevalence and rapid viral clearance, limiting detection of antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of tick-borne encephalitis have been reported, however MRI studies can also be negative despite the presence of neurologic signs. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1 H MRS) is an imaging method that provides additional information about the metabolic characteristics of brain tissues.

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May
2016

OBJECTIVE To investigate metabolite concentrations of the brains of dogs with intracranial neoplasia or noninfectious meningoencephalitis by use of short echo time, single voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H MRS) at 3.0 T. ANIMALS 29 dogs with intracranial lesions (14 with neoplasia [3 oligodendromas, 3 glioblastomas multiformes, 3 astrocytomas, 2 lymphomas, and 3 meningiomas] and 15 is with noninfectious meningoencephalitis) and 10 healthy control dogs.

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May
2016

The aim of this study was to perform exploratory analyses of the efficacy and safety of pancrelipase delayed-release capsules (Creon) in patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) with (n = 36) and without (n = 18) concurrent diabetes mellitus (DM).
This was a retrospective, post hoc, subgroup (±DM) analysis of a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of pancrelipase in patients with EPI due to chronic pancreatitis or pancreatectomy (total or partial). After a 5-day placebo run-in period (baseline), patients were randomized to pancrelipase (72,000 lipase units/meal, 36,000/snack) or placebo for 7 days.

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Jan
2016

Central European tick-borne encephalomyelitis can be challenging to diagnose in dogs because the virus may not be detected in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) after the first viremic stage of the disease. The purpose of this retrospective case series study was to describe 3 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (3T MRI) findings in a sample of dogs with a confirmed diagnosis of tick-borne encephalomyelitis. Dogs were included if they had neurological signs consistent with tick-borne encephalomyelitis, history of a stay in endemic areas for tick-borne encephalomyelitis virus, 3T MRI of the brain and/or spinal cord, cerebrospinal fluid changes compatible with viral infection and positive antibody titers in cerebrospinal fluid or pathologic confirmation of tick-borne encephalomyelitis.

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Jan
2015

A plethora of treatment options have been described for canine meningoencephalitis of unknown origin (MUO), yet a gold standard has not been established. The aim of this prospective pilot study was to document the effect of a newly designed 30 Gray (Gy) radiation therapy (RT) protocol plus corticosteroids as treatment for focal and multifocal MUO, to monitor clinical and imaging changes during the course of the disease with conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and proton MR Spectroscopy (H-1 MRS) and to detect the occurrence of radiation related side effects.
Six dogs (3 with focal and 3 with multifocal lesions) were included in the study.

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Sep
2014

Eighteen Mn complexes with N-donor and carboxylate ligands have been synthesized and characterized. Three Mn complexes among them are new and are reported for the first time. The reactions of oxygen evolution in the presence of oxone (2KHSO5·KHSO4·K2SO4) and cerium(iv) ammonium nitrate catalyzed by these complexes are studied and characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction spectrometry, dynamic light scattering, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, membrane-inlet mass spectrometry and electrochemistry.

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Sep
2014

Simvastatin and fenofibrate are frequently co-prescribed at staggered intervals for the treatment of dyslipidemia. Since a drug-drug interaction has been reported when the two drugs are given simultaneously, it is of clinical interest to know whether the interaction differs between simultaneous and staggered combinations. A study, assessing the impact of both combinations on the interaction, was conducted with 7-day treatment regimens using simvastatin 40 mg and fenofibrate 145 mg: (A) simvastatin only (evening), (B) simvastatin and fenofibrate (both in evening), and (C) simvastatin (evening) and fenofibrate (morning).

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Sep
2014

A 2-month-old female goat was presented for depressed mental status and multifocal central neurologic signs 3 weeks after hot-iron disbudding. Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings included a large intra axial mass in the left frontal lobe that was T2 hyperintense and T1 hypointense centrally with a contrast-enhancing peripheral capsule and perilesional T2 hyperintensity. A restrictive pattern was present in diffusion-weighted imaging.

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Aug
2013

This study aimed to determine whether the efficacy of pancrelipase/pancreatin (CREON®) may be affected by the concomitant use of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)/histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs).
An analysis of integrated data from all clinical trials of pancrelipase/pancreatin supported by Abbott (34 trials, 1142 unique subjects) was conducted. All trials included patients with pancreatic exocrine insufficiency, and most cases were associated with cystic fibrosis, chronic pancreatitis, or pancreatic surgery.

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Mar
2011

Oxygenic photosynthesis is the basis for aerobic life on earth. The catalytic Mn(4)O(x)CaY(Z) center of photosystem II (PSII), after fourfold oxidation, extracts four electrons from two water molecules to yield dioxygen. This reaction cascade has appeared as a single four-electron transfer that occurs in typically 1 ms.

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Jan
2010

Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy (PERT) is essential for maintaining adequate nutrition in children with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) due to cystic fibrosis (CF). The US Food and Drug Administration regulations now require all PERT products to undergo clinical efficacy and safety studies before they can be considered for marketing approval.
This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of a new formulation of pancrelipase (pancreatin) delayed-release 12,000-lipase unit capsules with placebo in children with EPI due to CF.

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Dec
2009

Pancreatic enzyme replacement therapy is critical for adequate nutrition in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients with exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI).
This was a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled, two-period crossover study assessing efficacy and safety of Creon 24,000-unit capsules in CF subjects > or =12 years with EPI. Patients were randomised to one of two 5-day sequences, Creon/placebo or placebo/Creon (target dose, 4000 lipase units/g fat).

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Dec
2009

Significant insights into plant photosynthesis and respiration have been achieved using membrane inlet mass spectrometry (MIMS) for the analysis of stable isotope distribution of gases. The MIMS approach is based on using a gas permeable membrane to enable the entry of gas molecules into the mass spectrometer source. This is a simple yet durable approach for the analysis of volatile gases, particularly atmospheric gases.

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Nov
2005

It is widely accepted that the oxygen produced by photosystem II of cyanobacteria, algae, and plants is derived from water. Earlier proposals that bicarbonate may serve as substrate or catalytic intermediate are almost forgotten, though not rigorously disproved. These latter proposals imply that CO2 is an intermediate product of oxygen production in addition to O2.

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Mar
2006

Schizophrenic patients exhibit impairments in prepulse inhibition (PPI) and habituation of the acoustic startle response (ASR). Recent studies suggested that PPI deficits and habituation deficits are normalized after antipsychotic treatment. Despite clear evidence of gating and habituation mechanisms in animal models, it is still unknown which neurotransmitter systems are involved in schizophrenic patients.

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Mar
2006

Prepulse inhibition (PPI) and habituation of the acoustic startle response (ASR) are widely used biological markers in the study of psychiatric disorders and have been shown to be homologous across species. Previous studies in humans suggested that PPI is a stable and reliable measure between test sessions, but that PPI decreases within sessions. The purpose of this study was to explore the short- and long-term decrease in PPI as a potential confound in the measurement and interpretation of PPI.

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Oct
2004

Hypertension and diabetes mellitus are closely interrelated and coexist in as many as two-thirds of patients with type 2 diabetes. The consequent risk of such an association is an accelerated development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and nephropathy complications.In choosing an antihypertensive agent, effectiveness needs to be accompanied by favourable metabolic, cardioprotective, and nephroprotective properties.

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Jul
2004

The goal of the present study was to assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous tedisamil, a new antiarrhythmic compound, for conversion of recent-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) or atrial flutter (AFL) to normal sinus rhythm (NSR).
Tedisamil is a novel antiarrhythmic drug with predominantly class III activity. Its efficacy and safety for conversion of recent onset AF or AFL to NSR is not known.

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