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Author: Marina G Downing (5)


Aug
2015

The aim of this study was to examine the rate and causes of mortality following mild to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation and to develop a multivariate prognostic model of mortality. We conducted a cohort study of 3341 individuals with mild to severe TBI followed-up from a post-acute inpatient rehabilitation center. Rate of death and survival between one and 26 years following injury were examined using standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) and prognostic models developed using Cox regression.

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Jan
2014

The deleterious consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) impair capacity to return to many avenues of pre-morbid life. However, there has been limited longitudinal research examining outcome beyond five years post-injury. The aim of this study was to examine aspects of function, previously shown to be affected following TBI, over a span of 10 years.

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Jan
2014

Previous research has demonstrated that sexuality is compromised following traumatic brain injury (TBI).
The aim of this study was to determine the association between sexuality following TBI and demographic, injury-related, and postinjury variables (age, gender, time since injury, posttraumatic amnesia duration, independence in activities of daily activities (ADL), antidepressant use, depression, and self-esteem).
Participants included 986 individuals with predominantly moderate to severe TBI, who completed the Brain Injury Questionnaire of Sexuality (BIQS), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and an ADL assessment on 1 or more occasions, providing a total of 1673 assessments across 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, and 20 years postinjury.

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Jan
2014

Previous research has suggested that sexuality is compromised following traumatic brain injury (TBI), but there has been limited comparison with healthy samples.
The aim of the current study was to compare sexuality in individuals with TBI with that in healthy controls matched for age and gender. In doing this, the current study aimed to characterize those individuals who reported a decrease in sexuality relative to those reporting an increase according to certain demographic and injury variables.

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Jan
2014

The importance of effectively identifying and managing sexuality issues following acquired brain injury is being increasingly recognized within clinical and research domains. However, a tool specifically developed to measure sexuality following brain injury is yet to be validated.
In this study, the reliability and validity of the Brain Injury Questionnaire of Sexuality (BIQS) was evaluated.

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