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Author: Martin Zinkler (16)


Dec
2017

Aggressive behavior and violence in psychiatric patients have often been quoted to justify more restrictive settings in psychiatric facilities. However, the effects of open vs. locked door policies on aggressive incidents remain unclear.

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Mar
2017

Social values and concepts have played a central role in the history of mental health care. They have driven major reforms and guided the development of various treatment models. Although social values and concepts have been important for mental health care in the past, this Personal View addresses what their role might be in the future.

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Oct
2016

The term of a "considerable damage to one's health" is central in German guardianship law with respect to judge's decisions on involuntary commitment and coercive treatment. A legal definition has not been provided, and up to now no explanations from the part of medicine have been available what a "considerable damage to one's health" is in the case of mental illness and how it can be determined. A consensus paper of the German Association of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DGPPN) explains four possible scenarios of manifestation of such kind of damage, corresponding to somatic illnesses: evidence of structural brain lesions (rare), subjective suffering (sufficient, but not necessary), impairment of functioning in important areas of life, and severe impairment of social participation (e.

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May
2016


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Oct
2015

To evaluate multiple efforts of the last decade to reduce the use of coercive measures in psychiatric hospitals.
A working group for the prevention of violence and coercion in psychiatric hospitals has compared several outcome indicators since the year 2000 and repeatedly has provided evidence-based recommendations for clinical practice. We present data from those 5 hospitals with complete data sets recorded by an identical method over 9 years.

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Dec
1969

A primary goal of dialectical behaviour therapy (DBT) is to reduce self-harm, but findings from empirical studies are inconclusive. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of DBT in reducing self-harm in patients with personality disorder.
Participants with a personality disorder and at least 5 days of self-harm in the previous year were randomised to receive 12 months of either DBT or treatment as usual (TAU).

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Oct
2011

Polydipsia with hyponatraemia commonly occurs with chronic psychosis and is associated with a reduced life expectancy for individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia. We describe a 51 years old man who presented with polydipsia during a relapse of paranoid schizophrenia. While treated with Clozapine, and despite regular observation and daily control of creatinine and electrolytes, the man suddenly collapsed and died after drinking huge amounts of water.

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Jan
2008

Advance statements documenting mental health service consumers' preferences for treatment during a future mental health crisis or period of incapacity have gained currency in recent years in the United States and some European countries. Several kinds of advance statements have emerged -- some as legal instruments, others as treatment planning methods -- but no formal comparison has been made among them. This article reviews the literature in English and German to develop a comparative typology of advance statements: joint crisis plans, crisis cards, treatment plans, wellness recovery action plans, and psychiatric advance directives (with and without formal facilitation).

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Feb
2006

We examine the role of nurses in community mental health care. We describe training, careers, specialization and discuss new trends and problems. We look at what psychiatric nurses stand for, how they relate to other professions and new developments in research.

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Jul
2002

The frequency of compulsory admission varies widely across Europe. Although there has been some research on a nation-wide level, no work has been done to compare mental health legislation in different countries in relation to detention rates and to patients' perception of hospital detention.
Databases and government statistics were searched for regional, national and European data.

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