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Author: Martina Perazzolo Marra (80)


Feb
2018

Acromegaly increases the risk of cardiovascular mortality. Data on the cardiovascular risk in asymptomatic acromegaly are limited. In particular, data on coronary microvascular abnormalities are lacking.

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Nov
2017

Outcomes after repair of tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) are good with either a transventricular (TV) or transatrial (TA) approach. We sought to determine if there is a relationship between the TV or TA approach and right ventricular (RV) function, and the role of residual pulmonary regurgitation (PR) on the long-term outcomes.
This was a retrospective cohort multicentric study on survivors after surgical repair of TOF (TA versus TV approach, ±transannular patch) between 1990 and 2004.

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Oct
2017

The prognostic role of cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) has not been clarified in acute myocarditis (AM) with preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF).
This study sought to evaluate the role of CMR and LGE in the prognosis of AM with preserved LVEF.
This study analyzed data from ITAMY (ITalian multicenter study on Acute MYocarditis) and evaluated CMR results from 386 patients (299 male; mean age 35 ± 15 years) with AM and preserved LVEF.

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Oct
2017

A specific ECG pattern of presentation of ST-segment elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI), characterized by "triangular QRS-ST-T waveform" (TW), has been associated with poor in-hospital prognosis but longitudinal data on its incidence and clinical impact are lacking. We prospectively evaluated the incidence and prognostic meaning of the TW pattern in a cohort of consecutive STEMI patients.
All STEMI patients who presented within 12h of symptoms onset and showed no complete bundle branch block or paced ventricular rhythm were included.

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Nov
2017

Poor data exist about cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) findings in a large sample of acute myocarditis with different clinical presentations (heart failure, arrhythmias, and infarct-like presentation).
Five hundred and forty-three in-patients with a clinical suspected of acute myocarditis confirmed by CMR were enrolled. The clinical indications to perform CMR were chest pain and/or dyspnea and/or palpitations, or effort intolerance/malaise in the last month; elevated troponin and/or new ventricular dysfunction, and/or new ECG abnormalities; and suspected inflammatory cause.

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Oct
2017

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (ACM) and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) are genetically and phenotypically distinct disorders of the myocardium. Here we describe for the first time co-inheritance of mutations in genes associated with ACM or HCM in two families with recurrence of both cardiomyopathies. Among the double heterozygotes for mutations in desmoplakin (DSP) and myosin binding protein C (MYBPC3) genes identified in Family A, two were diagnosed with ACM and two with HCM.

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Apr
2017

The current document was developed by the working group on the 'application of cardiac magnetic resonance' of the Italian Society of Cardiology to provide a perspective on the current state of technical advances and clinical cardiac magnetic resonance applications and to inform cardiologists how to implement their clinical and diagnostic pathway with the introduction of this technique in the clinical practice. Appropriateness criteria were defined using a score system: score 1-3 = inappropriate (test is not generally acceptable and is not a reasonable approach for the indication), score 4-6 = uncertain (test may be generally acceptable and may be a reasonable approach for the indication but more research and/or patient information is needed to classify the indication definitively) and score 7-9 = appropriate (test is generally acceptable and is a reasonable approach for the indication).

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Apr
2017

Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a reliable and accurate diagnostic tool for the evaluation of patients with cardiac disease in several clinical settings and with proven additional diagnostic and prognostic value compared with other imaging modalities. This document has been developed by the working group on the 'application of CMR' of the Italian Society of Cardiology to provide a perspective on the current state of technical advances and clinical applications of CMR and to inform cardiologists on how to implement their clinical and diagnostic pathways with the inclusion of this technique in clinical practice. The writing committee consisted of members of the working group of the Italian Society of Cardiology and two external peer reviewers with acknowledged experience in the field of CMR.

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Apr
2017

To define reference values of cardiac volumes, dimensions, and new morpho-functional parameters normalized for age, gender, and body surface area by cine-bSSFP (balanced steady-state free-precession) magnetic resonance (MR).
We enrolled 308 healthy subjects subdivided by gender and by six age classes: class I, >15-20 years; class II, >20-30 years; class III, >30-40 years; class IV, >40-50 years; class V, >50-60 years; and class VI >60 years. Dimensional, volumetric and morpho-functional parameters of the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles were measured using cine-bSSFP MRI at 1.

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Aug
2016

Arrhythmic mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is characterized by myxomatous leaflets and left ventricular (LV) fibrosis of papillary muscles and inferobasal wall. We searched for morphofunctional abnormalities of the mitral valve that could explain a regional mechanical myocardial stretch.
Thirty-six (27 female patients; median age: 44 years) arrhythmic MVP patients with LV late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac magnetic resonance and no or trivial mitral regurgitation, and 16 (6 female patients; median age: 40 years) MVP patients without LV late gadolinium enhancement were investigated by morphofunctional cardiac magnetic resonance.

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Jul
2016

Our study sought to (1) identify reference values for left atrial (LA) volumes and phasic function indices by 3-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) and compare them with those measured by 2-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) and (2) analyze their relationship with age, sex, body size, and left ventricular function. Accuracy and reproducibility of 3DE and 2DE have been also tested to evaluate the robustness of our data.
We obtained maximal, minimal, and preA LA volumes by 3DE and 2DE in 276 healthy volunteers (18-79 years; 57% women).

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Jul
2016

The clinical profile and arrhythmic outcome of competitive athletes with isolated nonischemic left ventricular (LV) scar as evidenced by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance remain to be elucidated.
We compared 35 athletes (80% men, age: 14-48 years) with ventricular arrhythmias and isolated LV subepicardial/midmyocardial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (group A) with 38 athletes with ventricular arrhythmias and no LGE (group B) and 40 healthy control athletes (group C). A stria LGE pattern with subepicardial/midmyocardial distribution, mostly involving the lateral LV wall, was found in 27 (77%) of group A versus 0 controls (group C; P<0.

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Aug
2016

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is a genetically determined heart muscle disorder, predisposing to sudden cardiac death (SCD), particularly in young patients and athletes. Pathological features include loss of myocytes and fibrofatty replacement of right ventricular myocardium; a biventricular involvement is often observed. The diagnosis of ARVC (prevalence 1:5.

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Aug
2016

The pathophysiologic mechanisms and the prognostic meaning of electrocardiographic (ECG) T-wave inversion (TWI) occurring in a subgroup of patients with clinically suspected acute myocarditis remain to be elucidated. Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) offers the potential to identify myocardial tissue changes such as edema and/or fibrosis which may underlie TWI.
We studied 76 consecutive patients (median age 34years) with clinically suspected acute myocarditis, using a comprehensive CMR protocol which included T2 weighted sequences for myocardial edema.

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Apr
2016

Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (AC) is a heart muscle disease clinically characterized by life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and pathologically by an acquired and progressive dystrophy of the ventricular myocardium with fibro-fatty replacement. Due to an estimated prevalence of 1:2000-1:5000, AC is listed among rare diseases. A familial background consistent with an autosomal-dominant trait of inheritance is present in most of AC patients; recessive variants have also been reported, either or not associated with palmoplantar keratoderma and woolly hair.

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Aug
2015

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) may present with ventricular arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death (SCD) even in the absence of hemodynamic impairment. The structural basis of ventricular electric instability remains elusive.
The cardiac pathology registry of 650 young adults (≤40 years of age) with SCD was reviewed, and cases with MVP as the only cause of SCD were re-examined.

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Jul
2016

Whether a desmosomal (DS)-gene defect may in itself induce life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias regardless of phenotypic expression of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is still debated. This prospective study evaluated the long-term outcome of DS-gene mutation carriers in relation to the ARVC phenotypic expression.
The study population included 116 DS-gene mutation carriers [49% males; median age 33 years (16-48 years)] without prior sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) or ventricular fibrillation (VF).

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Aug
2016

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) typically affects postmenopausal women and clinically presents with chest pain, ST-segment elevation, elevated cardiac enzymes and apical left ventricular (LV) wall motion abnormalities that mimic 'apical-anterior' acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study assessed whether at-admission clinical evaluation helps in differential diagnosis between the two conditions.
The study compared at-admission clinical, electrocardiographic (ECG) and echocardiographic findings of 31 women (median age 67 years, interquartile range (IQR) 62-76) with typical TTC and 30 women (median age 73 years, IQR 61-81) with apical-anterior AMI due to acute occlusion of the mid/distal left anterior descending coronary artery.

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Oct
2015

Cardiac magnetic resonance is considered the gold standard in the evaluation of morphology, function, viability and tissue characterization owing to its high spatial resolution and excellent signal-to-noise ratio. Its accuracy and reproducibility, also thanks to steady-state free precession sequences allowing superior blood-myocardium delineation, are ascertained. Its current indications in the field of ischemic heart disease are multiple and continuously evolving.

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Nov
2014

Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC) is an inherited heart muscle disease that predisposes to the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death, particularly in the young and athlete. The classic variant of the disease predominantly affects the right ventricle, but phenotypic variants with early and prevalent left ventricular involvement ("left-dominant" ARVC) have also been described, supporting the concept that arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy is a disease of both ventricles. The diagnosis is multiparametric and is based on a series of criteria, including ECG abnormalities, arrhythmic manifestations, morpho-functional abnormalities and genetic defects.

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Dec
2014

Identification of patients with non-ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) at higher risk of in-hospital life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias (LT-VA) and death is crucial for determining appropriate levels of care/monitoring during hospitalisation. We assessed predictors of in-hospital LT-VA and all-cause mortality in a consecutive series of NSTEMI patients.
We prospectively studied 1325 consecutive patients (69.

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May
2014

Large thrombus burden (LTB) lesions in the context of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI) have been related to unsuccessful angiographic reperfusion and unfavorable clinical outcomes. However, the hazard of LTB treatment on myocardial damage has not been evaluated. We investigated the impact of LTB on myocardial damage using contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CE-CMR) in the setting of p-PCI.

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May
2014

Current risk stratification for sudden cardiac death (SCD) in nonischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (NIDC) relies on left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, a poor marker of ventricular electrical instability. Contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance has the ability to accurately identify and quantify ventricular myocardial fibrosis (late gadolinium enhancement [LGE]).
To evaluate the impact of the presence and amount of myocardial fibrosis on arrhythmogenic risk prediction in NIDC.

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Dec
2013

Mutations in genes encoding for desmosomal proteins are the most common cause of arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). We assessed the value of genotype for prediction of lifetime major arrhythmic events and sudden cardiac death (SCD) in desmosomal gene-related ARVC.
The overall study population included 134 desmosomal gene mutation carriers (68 men; median age 36 years [22-52]) from 44 consecutive ARVC families undergoing comprehensive genetic screening.

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Dec
2012

Peaked and tall T waves represent a hyperacute electrocardiogram (ECG) manifestation of coronary artery occlusion which usually evolves into ST-segment elevation. We sought to investigate using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) the myocardial tissue changes underlying an atypical ECG pattern of presentation of left anterior descending artery (LAD) occlusion consisting of persistent hyperacute T waves and mild ST-segment depression. This ECG pattern is often associated with the presence of collateral circulation, which may modulate myocyte action potential changes in response to ischemia and prevent the appearance of ST-segment elevation.

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Dec
2013

The extent of right ventricular (RV) electroanatomic scar (EAS) detected by endocardial voltage mapping (EVM) is a powerful invasive predictor of arrhythmic outcome in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). Electrocardiogram (ECG) and signal-averaged ECG are noninvasive tools of established clinical value for the diagnosis of electrical abnormalities in ARVC. This study was designed to assess the role of ECG and SAECG abnormalities for noninvasive estimation of the extent and regional distribution of RV-EAS and prediction of scar-related arrhythmic risk.

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Dec
1969

In typical "apical" Tako-Tsubo syndrome (TTS), an association between dynamic T-wave inversion/QTc interval prolongation and myocardial edema as evidenced by cardiac magnetic resonance has been reported. We describe a patient with atypical "mid-ventricular" TTS who showed T-waves inversion/QTc prolongation confined to the lateral leads. Cardiac magnetic resonance revealed transmural myocardial edema with the highest signal intensity in the mid-lateral wall, in accordance with the ECG location of repolarization abnormalities.

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Aug
2013

Negative T waves (NTWs) in right precordial leads (V₁ to V₃) may be observed on the electrocardiogram (ECG) of healthy subjects but can also represent the hallmark of an underlying arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). It has been a consistent observation that NTWs usually become upright with exercise in healthy subjects without underlying heart disease. No systematic study has evaluated exercise-induced changes of NTWs in ARVC.

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Feb
2013

Endocardial voltage mapping (EVM) identifies low-voltage right ventricular (RV) areas, which may represent the electroanatomic scar substrate of life-threatening tachyarrhythmias. We prospectively assessed the prognostic value of EVM in a consecutive series of patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy/dysplasia (ARVC/D).
We studied 69 consecutive ARVC/D patients (47 males; median age 35 years [28-45]) who underwent electrophysiological study and both bipolar and unipolar EVM.

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Feb
2013

A 57-year-old man underwent myocardial revascularization for unstable angina. Cardiocirculatory arrest complicated the procedure and the patient was rapidly treated with advanced cardiac life support. After 26-min long resuscitation attempts, 5 DC-shock and cardioactive drug administration, an extracorporeal system was positioned and activated (extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ECMO).

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Jan
2013

This study sought to evaluate the prevalence and potential role of myocardial bridging in the pathogenesis of apical ballooning syndrome (ABS).
ABS is characterized by reversible left ventricular dysfunction, frequently precipitated by a stressful event, but the pathogenesis remains still unclear.
Forty-two consecutive patients (40 female, mean age 66 ± 7 years) with ABS underwent echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance, coronary angiography (CA) with intravascular ultrasound, and computed tomography angiography (CTA).

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Dec
1969

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a transient left ventricular dysfunction due to akinesia of the left-ventricular (LV) mid-apical segments (apical ballooning), which can cause severe reduction in LV systolic function. The typical clinical picture of TTC include chest pain, electrocardiographic changes consisting of mild ST-segment elevation followed by diffuse deep T-wave inversion, QTc interval prolongation and mild troponin release in the absence of significant coronary stenoses. The syndrome often affects post-menopausal women and is triggered by sympathetic overstimulation, like intense physical or emotional stress, so that it is called the "broken heart syndrome".

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Nov
2012

The authors sought to investigate the impact of distal embolization (DE) on myocardial damage and microvascular reperfusion, according to time-to-treatment, using contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance (CE-CMR).
DE, occurring during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (p-PCI), appears to increase myocardial necrosis and to worsen microvascular perfusion, as shown by surrogate markers. However, data regarding the behavior of DE on jeopardized myocardium, and in particular on necrosis extent and distribution, are still lacking.

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