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Author: Mentor Sopjani (54)


Dec
1969

NADPH oxidases of human cells are not only functional in defense against invading microorganisms and for oxidative reactions needed for specialized biosynthetic pathways but also during the past few years have been established as signaling modules. It has been shown that human Nox4 is expressed in most somatic cell types and produces hydrogen peroxide, which signals to remodel the actin cytoskeleton. This correlates well with the function of Yno1, the only NADPH oxidase of yeast cells.

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Dec
1969

In recent years it turned out that there is not only extensive communication between the nucleus and mitochondria but also between mitochondria and lipid droplets (LDs) as well. We were able to demonstrate that a number of proteins shuttle between LDs and mitochondria and it depends on the metabolic state of the cell on which organelle these proteins are predominantly localized. Responsible for the localization of the particular proteins is a protein domain consisting of two-helices, which we termed V-domain according to the predicted structure.

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Dec
1969

Janus kinase-3 (JAK3), a tyrosine kinase, is expressed in a variety of tissues, including the brain and is involved in the signaling of cytokine receptors. JAK3 participates in numerous functions, such as cell survival and proliferation, neuroprotection, apoptosis and the cellular response to hypoxia and ischemia-reperfusion. This kinase further contributes to the signaling of hematopoietic cell cytokine receptors, activation of dendritic cells, maturation, and immune suppression as well as to cell volume regulation.

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Dec
1969

Janus kinase-2 (JAK2) is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase signaling molecule that mediates the effects of various hormones and cytokines, including interferon, erythropoietin, leptin, and growth hormone. It also fosters tumor growth and modifies the activity of several nutrient transporters. JAK2 contributes to the regulation of the cell volume, protectS cells during energy depletion, proliferation, and aids the survival of tumor cells.

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Jun
2015

The present study is carried out to evaluate the risk of giving birth to children with Down syndrome in a family with Robertsonian translocation 14q;21q, and to find the dermatoglyphic changes present in carriers of this translocation.
Cytogenetics diagnosis has been made according to Moorhead and Seabright method, while the analysis of prints (dermatoglyphics analysis) was made with the Cummins and Midlo method.
Cytogenetic diagnosis has been made in a couple who suffered the spontaneous miscarriages and children with Down syndrome.

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Dec
1969

Adenosine 5'-monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (Ampk) modulates a wide array of cellular functions and regulates various ion channels and transporters. In failing human hearts an increased Ampkα1 activity was observed. The present study aimed to uncover the impact of Ampkα1 on cardiac electrical remodeling.

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Dec
1969

Klotho, a protein mainly produced in the kidney and released into circulating blood, contributes to the negative regulation of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation and is thus a powerful regulator of mineral metabolism. As β-glucuronidase, alpha Klotho protein further regulates the stability of several carriers and channels in the plasma membrane and thus regulates channel and transporter activity. Accordingly, alpha Klotho protein participates in the regulation of diverse functions seemingly unrelated to mineral metabolism including lymphocyte function.

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Dec
1969

The transmembrane Klotho protein contributes to inhibition of 1,25(OH)2D3 formation. The extracellular domain of Klotho protein could function as an enzyme with e.g.

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Dec
1969

The antiaging protein of Klotho is a transmembrane protein mainly expressed in the kidney, parathyroid glands and choroid plexus of the brain. The Klotho protein exists in two forms, a full-length membrane form and a soluble secreted form. The extracellular domain of Klotho can be enzymatically cleaved off and released into the systemic circulation where it acts as β-glucuronidase and a hormone.

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Apr
2014

Janus kinase-2 (JAK2), a signaling molecule mediating effects of various hormones including leptin and growth hormone, has previously been shown to modify the activity of several channels and carriers. Leptin is known to inhibit and growth hormone to stimulate epithelial Na(+) transport, effects at least partially involving regulation of the epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC. However, no published evidence is available regarding an influence of JAK2 on the activity of the epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC.

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Dec
1969

Klotho is a transmembrane protein expressed primarily in kidney, parathyroid gland, and choroid plexus. The extracellular domain could be cleaved off and released into the systemic circulation. Klotho is in part effective as β-glucuronidase regulating protein stability in the cell membrane.

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Mar
2014

The energy sensing AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) regulates cellular and whole-body energy balance through stimulating catabolic ATP-generating and suppressing anabolic ATP-consuming pathways thereby helping cells survive during energy depletion. The kinase has previously been reported to be either directly or indirectly involved in the regulation of several carriers, channels and pumps of high significance in cellular physiology. Thus AMPK provides a necessary link between cellular energy metabolism and cellular transport activity.

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Dec
1969

The Na(+)-coupled phosphate transporter NaPi-IIa is the main carrier accomplishing renal tubular phosphate reabsorption. It is driven by the electrochemical Na(+) gradient across the apical cell membrane, which is maintained by Na(+) extrusion across the basolateral cell membrane through the Na(+)/K(+) ATPase. The operation of NaPi-IIa thus requires energy in order to avoid cellular Na(+) accumulation and K(+) loss with eventual decrease of cell membrane potential, Cl(-) entry and cell swelling.

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Feb
2014

Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) contributes to intracellular signaling of leptin and erythropoietin, hormones protecting cells during energy depletion. The present study explores whether JAK2 is activated by energy depletion and regulates Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase, the major energy-consuming pump. In Jurkat cells, JAK2 activity was determined by radioactive kinase assay, phosphorylated JAK2 detected by Western blotting, ATP levels measured by luciferase assay, as well as Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase α1-subunit transcript and protein abundance determined by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively.

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Dec
2013

The Klotho gene was identified as an 'aging suppressor' in mice. Overexpression of the Klotho gene extends lifespan and defective Klotho results in rapid aging and early death. Both the membrane and secreted forms of Klotho have biological activity that include regulatory effects on general metabolism and a more specific effect on mineral metabolism that correlates with its effect on aging.

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Dec
1969

none declared.
The aim of this research was to ascertain the frequency of three basic cytogenetical types of Down syndrome among Kosova Albanian population and to evaluate the maternal age effect on the frequency of births of children with Down syndrome.
Cytogenetics diagnosis has been made according to the standard method of Moorhead and Seabright.

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Dec
1969

The aim of this study was the evaluation of risk among the couples various types of Robertsonian translocations.
Cytogenetic diagnosis has been carried out according to the Moorhead and Seabright method.
Cytogenetics diagnosis was performed in 17 couples having Robertsonian translocations.

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Apr
2013

Janus kinase-2 (JAK2) participates in the signaling of several hormones, growth factors and cytokines. Further stimulators of JAK2 include osmotic cell shrinkage, and the kinase activates the cell volume regulatory Na(+)/H(+) exchanger. The kinase may thus participate in cell volume regulation.

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Feb
2013

The 5'-adenosine monophosphate-activated serine/threonine protein kinase (AMPK) is stimulated by energy depletion, increase in cytosolic Ca(2+) activity, oxidative stress, and nitric oxide. AMPK participates in the regulation of the epithelial Na(+) channel ENaC and the voltage-gated K(+) channel KCNE1/KCNQ1. It is partially effective by decreasing PIP(2) formation through the PI3K pathway.

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Dec
1969

The purpose of the present research was a presentation of case report of Robertsonian translocation composed of homologous chromosomes 21q;21q and reproductive risk found in the family affected by this type oftranslocation.
Cytogenetic diagnosis has been done on chromosome preparations of lymphocytes cultured from peripheral blood by Moorhead method.
Analyses of cytogenetic diagnosis was performed on the couple who has been through 10 spontaneous miscarriages and two additional births with Down syndrome.

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Dec
1969

The Tau-tubulin-kinase 2 (TTBK2) is a serine/threonine kinase expressed in various tissues including tumors. Up-regulation of TTBK2 increases resistance of tumor cells against antiangiogenic treatment and confers cell survival. Tumor cell survival critically depends on cellular uptake of glucose, which is partially accomplished by SGLT1 (SLC5A1) mediated Na(+)-coupled glucose transport.

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Oct
2012

The energy-sensing AMP-activated serine/threonine protein kinase (AMPK) confers cell survival in part by stimulation of cellular energy production and limitation of cellular energy utilization. AMPK-sensitive functions further include activities of epithelial Na+ channel ENaC and voltage-gated K+ channel KCNE1/KCNQ1. AMPK is activated by an increased cytosolic Ca2+ concentration.

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Oct
2012

β-catenin, a multifunctional protein expressed in all tissues including the heart stimulates the expression of several genes important for cell proliferation. Signaling involving ß-catenin participates in directing cardiac development and in the pathophysiology of cardiac hypertrophy. Nothing is known, however, on the role of β-catenin in the regulation of cardiac ion channels.

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Jun
2012

The myoinositol transporter SMIT (SLC5A3) and the betaine/γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) transporter BGT1 (SLC6A12) accomplish cellular accumulation of organic osmolytes and thus contribute to cell volume regulation. Challenges of cell volume constancy include energy depletion, which compromises the function of the Na(+)/K(+) ATPase leading to cellular Na(+) accumulation and subsequent cell swelling. Energy depletion is sensed by AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK).

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Dec
1969

The Janus-activated kinase-2 JAK2 is involved in the signaling of leptin and erythropoietin receptors and mediates neuroprotective effects of the hormones. In theory, JAK2 could be effective through modulation of the glutamate transporters, carriers accounting for the clearance of glutamate released during neurotransmission. The present study thus elucidated the effect of JAK2 on the glutamate transporters EAAT1, EAAT2, EAAT3 and EAAT4.

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Jan
2012

Voltage-gated Kv1.5 channels are expressed in a wide variety of tissues including cardiac myocytes, smooth muscle and tumor cells. Kv1.

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Dec
1969

Klotho, a transmembrane protein, protease and hormone has been shown to exert a profound effect on phosphate metabolism. Klotho overexpression lowers and Klotho deficiency increases the plasma phosphate concentration, effects in part attributed to an inhibitory effect of Klotho on the formation of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (1,25(OH) (2)D(3)), the active form of Vitamin D. Beyond that Klotho has been shown to decrease renal tubular phosphate transport more directly.

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Jun
2011

Klotho-hypomorphic (Klotho(hm)) mice suffer from renal salt wasting and hypovolemia despite hyperaldosteronism. The present study explored the effect of Klotho on renal Na(+)/K(+) ATPase activity. According to immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy Na(+)/K(+) ATPase protein abundance in isolated collecting ducts was lower in Klotho(hm) mice than in their wild type littermates (Klotho(+/+)).

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May
2011

The inward rectifier K(+) channel Kir2.1 participates in the maintenance of the cell membrane potential in a variety of cells including neurons and cardiac myocytes. Mutations of KCNJ2 encoding Kir2.

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May
2011

Insulin and IGF1-dependent signaling activates protein kinase B and serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase (PKB/SGK), which together phosphorylate and inactivate glycogen synthase kinase GSK3. Because insulin and IGF1 increase renal tubular calcium and phosphorus reabsorption, we examined GSK3 regulation of phosphate transporter activity and determined whether PKB/SGK inactivates GSK3 to enhance renal phosphate and calcium transport. Overexpression of GSK3 and the phosphate transporter NaPi-IIa in Xenopus oocytes decreased electrogenic phosphate transport compared with NaPi-IIa-expressing oocytes.

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Jul
2011

Insulin and growth factors activate the phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase pathway, leading to stimulation of several kinases including serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase isoform SGK3, a transport regulating kinase. Here, we explored the contribution of SGK3 to the regulation of renal tubular phosphate transport. Coexpression of SGK3 and sodium-phosphate cotransporter IIa significantly enhanced the phosphate-induced current in Xenopus oocytes.

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May
2011

JAK2 (Janus kinase-2) overactivity contributes to survival of tumor cells and the (V617F)JAK2 mutant is found in the majority of myeloproliferative diseases. Tumor cell survival depends on availability of glucose. Concentrative cellular glucose uptake is accomplished by Na(+) coupled glucose transport through SGLT1 (SLC5A1), which may operate against a chemical glucose gradient and may thus be effective even at low extracellular glucose concentrations.

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Apr
2011

Connexins provide intercellular connections that allow passage of ions and small organic molecules. They clamp the cell membrane potential and cellular ion composition to that of neighboring cells. The cell membrane potential and ion composition of an energy-depleted cell could thus be maintained despite its compromised Na(+)/K(+) activity.

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Feb
2011

The heterotetrameric K(+)-channel KCNQ1/KCNE1 is expressed in heart, skeletal muscle, liver and several epithelia including the renal proximal tubule. In the heart, it contributes to the repolarization of cardiomyocytes. The repolarization is impaired in ischemia.

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Dec
1969

Mutations in GJB2, a gene encoding the gap junction protein connexin 26 (Cx26), are a major cause for inherited and sporadic non-syndromic hearing loss, albeit with highly variable clinical effects. To determine new mutations and their frequencies in a Southern Egyptian population restriction fragment length polymorphism, gene sequencing, and single strand conformational polymorphism revealed only 2 mutations for GJB2: c.35delG and p.

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Jan
2011

Tumor cells utilize preferably glucose for energy production. They accomplish cellular glucose uptake in part through Na(+)-coupled glucose transport mediated by SGLT1 (SLC5A1). This study explored the possibility that the human papillomavirus 18 E6 protein HPV18 E6 (E6) participates in the stimulation of SGLT1 activity.

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Dec
1969

Glycogen synthase kinase 3 GSK3β participates in a wide variety of functions including regulation of glucose metabolism. It is ubiquitously expressed including epithelial tissues. However, whether GSK3β participates in the regulation of epithelial transport is not known.

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Dec
1969

The serum- and glucocorticoid-regulated kinase (Sgk1) is essential for hormonal regulation of ENaC-mediated sodium transport and is involved in the transduction of growth-factor-dependent cell survival and proliferation. The identification of molecular partners for Sgk1 is crucial for the understanding of its mechanisms of action. We performed a yeast two-hybrid screening based on a human kidney cDNA library to identify molecular partners of Sgk1.

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Nov
2010

β-Catenin is a multifunctional protein stimulating as oncogenic transcription factor several genes important for cell proliferation. β-Catenin-regulated genes include the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase SGK1, which is known to stimulate a variety of transport systems. The present study explored the possibility that β-catenin influences membrane transport.

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Dec
2010

Rapamycin, an inhibitor of the serine/threonine kinase mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), is a widely used immunosuppressive drug. Rapamycin affects the function of dendritic cells (DCs), antigen-presenting cells participating in the initiation of primary immune responses and the establishment of immunological memory. Voltage-gated K(+) (Kv) channels are expressed in and impact on the function of DCs.

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Dec
1969

The neutral amino acid transporter SLC6A19 (B(0)AT1) plays a decisive role in transport of neutral amino acids in the kidney and intestine. Recently, mutations in SLC6A19 were identified that result in severe neutral aminoaciduria known as Hartnup disorder. SLC6A19 expression and function is controlled by the brush-border angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2).

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Sep
2010

The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is known to stimulate a variety of transport mechanisms including the intestinal phosphate transporter NaPi-IIb. The present study was performed to elucidate whether mTOR similarly regulates the major renal tubular phosphate transporter NaPi-IIa.
To this end, NaPi-IIa was expressed in Xenopus oocytes with or without mTOR and phosphate transport estimated from phosphate-induced (1 mM) current (I(pi)).

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Apr
2010

AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), a serine/threonine kinase activated upon energy depletion, stimulates energy production and limits energy utilization. It has previously been shown to enhance cellular glucose uptake through the GLUT family of facilitative glucose transporters. The present study explored the possibility that AMPK may regulate Na+-coupled glucose transport through SGLT1 (SLC5A1).

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Jun
2010

The glutamate transporters EAAT3 and EAAT4 are expressed in neurons. They contribute to the cellular uptake of glutamate and aspartate and thus to the clearance of the excitatory transmitters from the extracellular space. During ischemia, extracellular accumulation of glutamate may trigger excitotoxicity.

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Feb
2010

The serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase SGK1 and the protein kinase PKB/Akt presumably phosphorylate and, by this means, activate the mammalian phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate-5-kinase PIKfyve (PIP5K3), which has in turn been shown to regulate transporters and channels. SGK1-regulated channels include the Ca(2+) channel TRPV6, which is expressed in a variety of epithelial and nonepithelial cells including tumor cells. SGK1 and protein kinase B PKB/Akt foster tumor growth.

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Dec
1969

The Na(+),glutamate cotransporter EAAT2 is expressed in astrocytes and clears glutamate from the synaptic cleft. EAAT2 dependent currrent is stimulated by the serum and glucocorticoid inducible kinase SGK1. Phosphorylation targets of SGK1 include the human phosphatidylinositol-3-phosphate-5-kinase PIKfyve (PIP5K3).

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Nov
2009

According to recent in vitro experiments, the peptide transporter PepT2 is stimulated by the serum- and glucocorticoid-inducible kinase SGK1. The present study explored the contribution of SGK1 to the regulation of electrogenic intestinal peptide transport. Intestinal PepT1 was expressed in Xenopus oocytes, and peptide transport was determined by dual electrode voltage clamping.

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Oct
2009

According to previous observations, the gene encoding the phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate 5-kinase II alpha (PIP5K2A) is associated with schizophrenia. Specifically, the mutation (N251S)PIP5K2A has been discovered in schizophrenic patients but not in healthy individuals. A defect of the excitatory amino acid transporter EAAT3 has similarly been implicated in the development of schizophrenia.

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