Helping You Find Full Text Journal Articles

Search Results:

Author: Patrizia Pedrotti (42)


Dec
2017

In patients with suspected or established hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is widely employed for clinical management, given its multimodality approach capable of providing unique information on cardiac morphology, function, and tissue characterization. Guidance regarding all aspects of HCM diagnosis and management is provided by the comprehensive 2014 European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines on HCM. CMR should be performed in centres with recognized expertise in heart muscle diseases, by physicians who are familiar with the whole HCM disease spectrum, differential diagnoses, and pitfalls.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2017

Previous reports have suggested that despite their dramatic presentation, patients with fulminant myocarditis (FM) might have better outcome than those with acute nonfulminant myocarditis (NFM). In this retrospective study, we report outcome and changes in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) in a large cohort of patients with FM compared with patients with NFM.
The study population consists of 187 consecutive patients admitted between May 2001 and November 2016 with a diagnosis of acute myocarditis (onset of symptoms <1 month) of whom 55 required inotropes and/or mechanical circulatory support (FM) and the remaining 132 were hemodynamically stable (NFM).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2017

Traditional echocardiography is unable to detect neither the early stages of iron overload cardiomyopathy nor myocardial iron deposition. The aim of the study is to determine myocardial systolic strain indices in thalassemia major (TM), and assess their relationship with T2*, a cardiac magnetic resonance index of the severity of cardiac iron overload. 55 TM cases with recent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR-T2*) underwent speckle tracking analysis to assess regional myocardial strains and rotation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2017

Pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor, usually benign, potentially lethal in case of crisis with acute release of catecholamines. The heart is a target and the clinical presentation can mimic various cardiac conditions, thus rendering diagnosis elusive. Cardiac magnetic resonance is a valuable non-invasive diagnostic tool for the evaluation of cardiomyopathies; it allows the identification of catecholamine-induced myocarditis pattern and, in some cases, it can detect the primary tumor.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2017

The presence of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has diagnostic and prognostic value in patients with acute myocarditis (AM). Aim of our study was to quantify the changes in LGE extension (LGE%) early after AM and evaluate its relations with biventricular function and morphology.
We investigated 76 consecutive patients with AM (acute onset of chest pain/heart failure/ventricular arrhythmias not explained by other causes, and raised troponin) that met CMR criteria based on myocardial oedema at T2-weighted images and LGE on post-contrast images at median time of 6days from onset of symptoms.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Apr
2017

Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a systemic necrotizing vasculitis characterized by hypereosinophilia. EGPA typically develops in three clinical phases, beginning with asthma, followed by tissue eosinophilia and finally systemic vasculitis. Cardiac involvement is the most important predictor of mortality; it occurs in approximately 15-60% of EGPA patients, a significant proportion of whom are asymptomatic and have normal electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2017

The aim of the present study was to assess the association of the presence and amount of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) with cardiovascular adverse events in patients with orthotopic heart transplantation (HTx).
We enrolled 48 patients (mean age, 54.7 ± 14.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2016

: We report the incidental finding of pericardial agenesis in a patient with electrocardiographic and echocardiographic abnormalities mimicking arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia. The anatomic findings were clearly depicted by cardiac magnetic resonance. The patient was asymptomatic and the clinical relevance of this finding would be raised in case a possible differential diagnosis of right heart overload should be necessary.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2016

Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVR) is an uncommon cause of right ventricular dilation. It may be difficult to identify and often remains undiagnosed.
We reviewed the database of the Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) Laboratory of Niguarda Hospital, in order to identify the cases of PAPVR between 2008 and 2014.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

May
2016

We report the case of a 23-year-old man who developed an acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction secondary to acute thrombotic occlusion of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery five years after undergoing chemotherapy, radiotherapy, haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia and bulky mediastinal mass involving the pleura and pericardium. His medical history also included Graft versus Host Disease developed 13 months after transplantation and acute myocarditis three months before the actual hospital admission. To the best of our knowledge, coronary artery disease as a complication of haematopoietic stem cell transplantation and low-dose mediastinal radiation therapy in young patients has been rarely reported in the medical literature.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Apr
2017

Type 1 Gaucher disease (GD1) is the most common lysosomal disorder, characterized by the accumulation of beta-glucocerebroside into the macrophages of several organs. Cardiac involvement is rare and referred to as restrictive cardiomyopathy, pulmonary hypertension, and calcifications of the valves and the aortic arch.
To assess the cardiovascular status by cardiac magnetic resonance, including evaluation of tissue characterization, in GD1 patients.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2016

: Necrotizing eosinophilic myocarditis (NEM) is a life-threatening condition that needs rapid diagnosis by endomyocardial biopsy and hemodynamic support usually by mechanical circulatory systems. We present the case of a 25-year-old Caucasian man who developed a refractory cardiogenic shock due to a NEM that was supported with a peripheral veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation associated with intravenous steroids and recovered after 2 weeks. Further instrumental investigations lead to the final diagnosis of NEM as first presentation of eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Churg-Strauss syndrome), remarking the importance of identifying the systemic disorder that usually triggers the eosinophilic damage of the myocardium.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2015

Churg-Strauss syndrome, recently renamed eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA), is a rare form of systemic vasculitis, characterized by disseminated necrotizing vasculitis with extravascular granulomas occurring among patients with asthma and tissue eosinophilia. EGPA is classified as a small and medium-sized vessel vasculitis associated with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) and the hypereosinophilic syndrome. Typical clinical features include asthma, sinusitis, transient pulmonary infiltrates and neuropathy.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2015

Hereditary hemochromatosis, thalassemia and myelodysplastic syndromes represent disease models with evidence of iron-related heart failure. Non-Transferrin Bound Iron (NTBI) induces cardiac toxicity through the production of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation. In ST-elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEMI) with evidence of microvascular obstruction (MVO) and hemorrhage (HEM), HEM may be a source of iron-related cardiac toxicity through NTBI and pro-inflammatory mediators.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2015

Coronary artery disease is a rare entity in young patients and accurate assessment of its prevalence is difficult. Although coronary artery disease is frequently a silent process, it may also acutely present with myocardial infarction (MI). One of the most feared complications of MI is left ventricular thrombus formation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2015

Ventricular aneurysm as late complication has been described in cardiac sarcoidosis and occasionally in giant cell myocarditis. The images from the present case of ventricular aneurysm formation as a late complication of giant cell myocarditis underline a potential cause of sudden arrhythmic death in patients who survive this life-threatening condition in the absence of recurrent inflammation and with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction. Follow-up with cardiac magnetic resonance can detect small aneurysms, and an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator may be considered when this complication occurs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2015

We report the description of a cardiac mass occupying almost the entire right atrium in a young man who developed paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia during endovascular treatment of intracranial arteriovenous fistulas. The mass was detected at echocardiographic examination, its tissue characteristics were defined with cardiac magnetic resonance and it was successfully surgically removed. The histopathological findings were consistent with a mixed type cavernous-capillary hemangioma of the heart.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2015

A newborn was suspected of having situs inversus with levocardia based on chest X-ray. Echocardiography ruled out this hypothesis but revealed a giant cardiac mass that was confirmed by magnetic resonance imaging. Coronary angiography showed that the right coronary artery ran on the surface of the mass, and only partial debulking surgery was performed to relieve right heart compression.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

We report the histopathologic correlates of late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) at cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in a patient with heart transplant who died for graft failure a few months after the scan. Extensive late enhancement was present at CMR, and it correlated with extensive fibrosis at histology. To our knowledge, this is the first time the findings on contrast enhancement CMR are compared to the histology of the whole heart in a heart transplantation patient, and the correspondence between LGE and fibrosis, demonstrated in other cardiac pathologies, is confirmed also in this particular setting.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2016

: A 31-year-old man presenting with cardiogenic shock and left ventricular ejection fraction of 10% received the diagnosis of giant cell myocarditis by endomyocardial biopsy. The patient was successfully treated with high-dose inotropes, intra-aortic balloon pump and venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for 21 days associated with combined immunosuppression (thymoglobulin, steroids, cyclosporine). Immunosuppression including thymoglobulin is the regimen associated with the highest probability of recovery in case of giant cell myocarditis.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
2016

The aim of this study was to compare myocardial T2* assessment with region-based (RB) T2* multiecho technique (CMRtools) with the pixel-wise (PW) inline myocardial T2* mapping (Siemens) in patients with thalassemia major for myocardial iron characterization.
Forty-three thalassemia major patients were examined on a 1.5-T scanner using conventional gradient multiecho sequence.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

In large-vessel vasculitides, inflammatory infiltrates may cause thickening of the involved arterial vessel wall leading to progressive stenosis and occlusion. Dilatation, aneurysm formation, and thrombosis may also ensue. Activated macrophages and T lymphocytes are fundamental elements in vascular inflammation.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2012

Idiopathic recurrent acute pericarditis (IRAP) represents the most troublesome complication of acute pericarditis and occurs in up to 20-50% of patients. It is generally idiopathic or postcardiac injury. IRAP is a disease of suspected immune-mediated pathogenesis.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2012

Heart failure due to myocardial iron overload remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in adult thalassemia major (TM) patients. We evaluated the removal of cardiac iron and the changes of cardiac function by different iron chelation in TM patients by T2* cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Sixty-seven TM patients (27 males/40 females; mean age, 35 ± 6 years) on different chelation regimens underwent T2* CMR at baseline (t (0)), after 6-14 months (t (1)) and after 32 ± 7 months (t (2)).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2012

Effective treatments for mutated transthyretin (TTR)-related cardiac amyloidosis are limited. Heart transplantation or combined liver-heart transplantation are the most successful options, although results rely on underline mechanism and systemic nature of the disease. In this report, we present the first case of a Caucasian patient with the p.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2012

Isolated ventricular non-compaction (IVNC) is frequently, but not invariably, associated with left ventricular (LV) systolic dysfunction. Factors impacting on regional and global LV function are unknown. The aim of the study was to apply magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to evaluate the impact of extent and severity of ventricular non-compaction on LV systolic function in patients with IVNC.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2011

The clinical presentation of pheochromocytoma is variable and many biochemical and imaging methods have been suggested to improve the diagnostic accuracy of what has been termed "the great masquerader". This case-report is of a middle-aged woman with a non-specific clinical presentation suggesting acute coronary syndrome or subacute myocarditis. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) at presentation showed myocardial edema and intramyocardial late gadolinium enhancement (LGE).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Sep
2010

Heart valve hemangioma is a rare finding. Here, we report a case of a hemangioma completely replacing the septal leaflet of the tricuspid valve. Preoperative imaging studies and operative anatomy are described.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2010

Cardiac involvement in patients with thalassemia intermedia (TI) is characterized by a high-output state and pulmonary hypertension, with systolic left ventricle function usually being preserved. Myocardial iron overload in patients with TI has not been extensively studied. We conducted a cross-sectional study of 49 Italian patients with TI.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2009

Protocols of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) during pharmacological stress with adenosine may include scanning sequences for the evaluation of both myocardial perfusion and contractility. The aim of this study was to define the feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of a stress CMR protocol including the combined evaluation of regional myocardial perfusion and contractility in the identification of patients with significant coronary artery disease.
A total of 184 consecutive patients with known or suspected coronary artery disease underwent stress CMR (adenosine, 140 microg/kg/min).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2008

The presented case regards a 17-year-old male with new-onset right bundle branch block and significantly enlarged right-heart sections as the only pathologic finding on transthoracic echocardiography. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) revealed the presence of a superior sinus venosus atrial septal defect associated with a partial anomalous pulmonary venous return, with the right upper lobe pulmonary vein draining into the superior vena cava. CMR has developed in recent years into an accurate modality for non-invasive evaluation of patients with congenital heart disease, especially through improvements in quality and speed of image acquisition.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2008

Cardiac contusion is a potential complication of blunt chest trauma and can be detected in a variable percentage of cases, depending on the method of diagnosis employed. Mechanical and/or ischemic mechanisms may be involved in the occurrence of myocardial injury in patients with cardiac contusion. In the reported case, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was performed late after chest trauma in a 17-year-old man involved in a car accident 4 years earlier.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Back to top