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Author: Pik-Yuen Cheung (11)


Jan
2007

Hypoxia is a common environmental stress factor and is also associated with various physiological and pathological conditions such as fibrogenesis. The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) is the key event in the liver fibrogenesis. In this study, the behavior of human HSCs LX-2 in low oxygen tension (1% O2) was analyzed.

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Nov
2006

Decorin is a small leucine-rich extracellular matrix proteoglycan composed of a core protein with a single glycosaminoglycan (GAG) chain near the N-terminus and N-glycosylated at three potential sites. Decorin is involved in the regulation of formation and organization of collagen fibrils, modulation of the activity of growth factors such as transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), and exerts other effects on cell proliferation and behavior. Increasing evidences show that decorin plays an important role in fibrogenesis by regulating TGF-beta, a key stimulator of fibrosis, and by directly modulating the degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) from activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs).

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Mar
2006

To study the effect of WeiJia on chronic liver injury using carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) induced liver injury animal model.
Wistar rats weighing 180-220g were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group (Group A), CCl(4) induced liver injury control group (Group B) and CCl(4) induction with WeiJia treatment group (Group C). Each group consisted of 14 rats.

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Mar
2006

Ginsenoside Rg1, an active ingredient in ginseng, was previously shown to be a novel class of potent phytoestrogen. The present study aims at investigating the molecular mechanisms involved in mediating its actions in human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells. Rg1 (1 pM) stimulates cell proliferation (P<0.

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Oct
2005

Herbal Sambucus williamsii HANCE (SWH) is a folk medicine with a long history of safe use for treatment of bone fractures and joint diseases in China. The present study was designed to investigate if SWH extract could be used for treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. SWH extracts (30 or 60 mg/100 g body weight/d) were orally administrated to four-months-old ovariectomized (OVX) rats for 3 months.

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Mar
2005

The responses of renal vitamin D metabolism to its major stimuli alter with age. Previous studies showed that the increase in circulating 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D3) as well as renal 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 1-alpha hydroxylase (1-OHase) activity in response to dietary Ca or P restriction reduced with age in rats. We hypothesized that the mechanism involved in increasing circulating 1,25(OH)2D3 in response to mineral deficiency alters with age.

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Nov
2003

The interactions of two pyridoxal-5-phosphate (PLP)-dependent enzymes, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), with pyridoxal kinase (PK) were studied by fluorescence polarization as well as surface plasmon resonance techniques. The results demonstrated that PK can specifically bind to ALT and GAD. Moreover, binding profiles of both enzymes to immobilized PK were altered by excess amount of PLP.

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Sep
2003

Regulation of vitamin D metabolism alters with age. The present study is undertaken to investigate if the loss of renal 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3) (1,25(OH)(2)D(3)) production in response to dietary phosphate (P) restriction in adult rats is due to an alteration in the renal expression of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3) 1-alpha hydroxylase (1-OHase). Young (4-6 weeks old) and adult (12-14 weeks old) male Sprague Dawley rats were fed either normal P (NPD) or low P diet (LPD) for 0-5 days.

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May
2003

Two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) is one of the most commonly used techniques in proteomic investigations. However, due to the complex interplay of incidence including significant biological sample variations, lengthy steps involved in performing 2-DE as well as exposure time with silver staining, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate authentic differences caused by drug treatment with those artifacts caused by sample variations, running conditions of 2-DE as well as treatment time in silver staining etc. If we can compare pooled samples of control and treatment groups run in a single gel and stained together, we would be more comfortable with our findings.

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Sep
2002

Renal proximal tubules play a vital role in phosphorus (P) homeostasis. It is well known that dietary P restriction up-regulates the activities of 25-hydroxyvitamin D(3)-1alpha-hydroxylase (1-OHase), an enzyme that is involved in activation of vitamin D and thereby maintaining P balance. However, the mechanism involved in such regulation is not known.

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Sep
2002

Oriental ginseng (Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer) and American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius) are two widely used valuable traditional Chinese medicines (TCM).

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