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Author: Pin-Wen Chen (16)


Dec
1969

Aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency is an inborn error of monoamine neurotransmitter synthesis, which results in dopamine, serotonin, epinephrine and norepinephrine deficiencies. The DDC gene founder mutation IVS6 + 4A > T is highly prevalent in Chinese patients with AADC deficiency. In this study, we designed several U1 snRNA vectors to adapt U1 snRNA binding sequences of the mutated DDC gene.

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Dec
1969

The diagnosis of aromatic l-amino-acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency is often delayed because a cerebrospinal fluid analysis is required to detect a neurotransmitter deficiency. We here demonstrated that an elevated concentration of l-dopa metabolite 3-O-methyldopa (3-OMD) in dried blood spots could be integrated into newborn screening program to precisely predict AADC deficiency.
After obtaining parental consent, an additional spot was punched from newborn filter paper, eluted, cleaned, and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry.

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Aug
2015

Substantial aberrations are ubiquitous in many conventional adaptive lenses due to the existence of deformable interface and thus inevitably compromise the optical performance. In this paper, we introduce a novel concept of dual-function fluidic lenses (DFFL) with a built-in aspheric polydimethylsiloxane lens (APL) to enable the design of a compact optical system with tunable imaging and aberration suppression properties. This is achieved by varying both hydrostatic pressures (i.

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Oct
2015

Aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency is a rare autosomal recessive disease that impairs synthesis of dopamine and serotonin. Children with AADC deficiency exhibit severe motor, behavioral, and autonomic dysfunctions. We previously generated an IVS6+4A>T knock-in mouse model of AADC deficiency (Ddc(KI) mice) and showed that gene therapy at the neonatal stage can rescue this phenotype.

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May
2015

In this co-culture of oleaginous yeast-Rhodotorula glutinis and microalgae-Scenedesmus obliquus, microalgae potentially acts as an oxygen generator for the growth of aerobic yeast while the yeast mutually provides CO2 to the microalgae as both carry out the production of lipids. To explore the synergistic effects of co-cultivation on the cells growth and total lipids accumulation, several co-culture process parameters including the carbon source concentration, temperature and dissolved oxygen level would be firstly investigated in the flask trials. The results of co-culture in a 5L photobioreactor revealed that about 40-50% of biomass increased and 60-70% of total lipid increased was observed as compared to the single culture batches.

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Apr
2014

Inherited defects that affect the synthesis or metabolism of neurotransmitters cause severe motor dysfunction. The diagnosis of these diseases, including aromatic L-amino-acid decarboxylase (AADC) deficiency, typically requires cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) neurotransmitter analysis. However, 3-O-methyldopa (3-OMD), which is a catabolic product of L-dopa that accumulates in individuals with AADC deficiency, can be detected in blood.

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Jan
2014

Novel chitosan/pectin/gum Arabic polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) solutions and membranes with various compositions were prepared for biomedical applications. The appearance of the PEC solutions, either clear or turbid, was process-dependent and depended on how the three components were dissolved and mixed. The addition of gum Arabic to the chitosan and pectin significantly decreased the viscosities of the resultant PEC solutions due to the formation of globe-like microstructures that was accompanied by network-like microstructures and other molecular entanglements.

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Mar
2014

Dopamine and serotonin are produced by distinct groups of neurons in the brain, and gene therapies other than direct injection have not been attempted to correct congenital deficiencies in such neurotransmitters. In this study, we performed gene therapy to treat knock-in mice with dopamine and serotonin deficiencies caused by a mutation in the aromatic L-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) gene (Ddc(KI) mice). Intracerebral ventricular injection of neonatal mice with an adeno-associated virus (AAV) serotype 9 (AAV9) vector expressing the human AADC gene (AAV9-hAADC) resulted in widespread AADC expression in the brain.

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Feb
2013

Tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) analysis is a powerful tool for newborn screening, and many rare inborn errors of metabolism are currently screened using MS/MS. However, the sensitivity of MS/MS screening for several inborn errors, including citrin deficiency (screened by citrulline level) and carnitine uptake defect (CUD, screened by free carnitine level), is not satisfactory. This study was conducted to determine whether a second-tier molecular test could improve the sensitivity of citrin deficiency and CUD detection without increasing the false-positive rate.

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Apr
2013

Aromatic l-amino acid decarboxylase (AADC) is responsible for the syntheses of dopamine and serotonin. Children with AADC deficiency exhibit compromised development, particularly with regard to their motor functions. Currently, no animal model of AADC deficiency exists.

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Jun
2013

The purpose was to examine the effects of non-commercial music on quality of sleep and relaxation indices, including heart rate, mean arterial pressure, and respiratory rate in patients in intensive care units.
There is currently insufficient scientific knowledge for the effects of music on quality of sleep in critically ill patients.
A randomized controlled trial.

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Apr
2013

Research-based evidence supports the effectiveness of soothing music in improving stress-related psycho-physiological indices in a clinical setting. However, there is currently insufficient scientific knowledge of the effects of music on immune markers of stress in humans. Therefore, the aims of the study were to compare the effects of music and quiet rest on the levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-10 (IL-10), heart rate and mean arterial pressure among healthcare workers.

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Aug
2012

Research-based evidence supports the therapeutic use of music to improve the sleep quality measured by self-reported questionnaires. However, scientific knowledge of the effects of music measured using standard polysomnography in chronic insomnia adults is currently insufficient.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of soothing music on objective and subjective sleep quality in adults with chronic insomnia.

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Dec
2011

This study examined the effects of music at mealtimes on agitation in 22 nursing home residents with dementia. We used a pretest-posttest research design. We played researcher-composed music to residents at each of two mealtimes daily over a consecutive 4-week period.

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Nov
2008

The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of lento music on examination anxiety among nursing students. A randomized crossover classroom-based trial was conducted. Thirty-eight students with a mean age of 19.

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