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Author: Robert A R Hurta (11)


Nov
2014

This study investigated the effects of magnolol, a compound from Magnolia officinalis, on the behavior of LNCaP and PC3 human prostate cancer cells in vitro.
In vitro cell culture approach with biochemical tests and Western blot analyses was used.
Magnolol, (80 μM, 6 hour exposure) was found to affect the expression of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and associated proteins.

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Dec
1969

Prostate cancer, one of the most common cancers in the Western world, affects many men worldwide. This study investigated the effects of magnolol, a compound found in the roots and bark of the magnolia tree Magnolia officinalis, on the behavior of 2 androgen insensitive human prostate cancer cell lines, DU145 and PC3, in vitro. Magnolol, in a 24-h exposure at 40 and 80 μM, was found to be cytotoxic to cells.

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Dec
2011

Cranberry ( Vaccinium macrocarpon ) has been shown in clinical studies to reduce infections caused by Escherichia coli and other bacteria, and proanthocyanidins are believed to play a role. The ability of cranberry to inhibit the growth of opportunistic human fungal pathogens that cause oral, skin, respiratory, and systemic infections has not been well-studied. Fractions from whole cranberry fruit were screened for inhibition of five Candida species and Cryptococcus neoformans , a causative agent of fungal meningitis.

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Mar
2011

Ursolic acid and its cis- and trans-3-O-p-hydroxycinnamoyl esters have been identified as constituents of American cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon), which inhibit tumor cell proliferation. Since the compounds may contribute to berry anticancer properties, their content in cranberries, selected cranberry products, and three other Vaccinium species (V. oxycoccus, V.

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Dec
1969

Diets rich in fruits and vegetables have been shown to improve patient prognosis in a variety of cancers, a benefit partly derived from phytochemicals, many of which target cell death pathways in tumor cells. Cranberries (Vaccinium macrocarpon) are a phytochemical-rich fruit containing a variety of polyphenolic compounds. As flavonoids have been shown to induce apoptosis in human tumor cells, this study investigated the hypothesis that cranberry-mediated cytotoxicity in DU145 human prostate adenocarcinoma cells involves apoptosis.

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Oct
2010

Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in the Western world, and it is believed that an individual's diet affects his risk of developing cancer. There has been an interest in examining phytochemicals, the secondary metabolites of plants, in order to determine their potential anti-cancer activities in vitro and in vivo. In this study we document the effects of proanthocyanidins (PACs) from the American Cranberry (Vaccinium macrocarpon) on matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity in DU145 human prostate cancer cells.

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Oct
2005

Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), the major mediators of extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation, is crucial to regulate ECM proteolysis, which is important in metastasis. This study examined the effects of 3 flavonoid-enriched fractions (a crude fraction, an anthocyanin-enriched fraction, and a proanthocyanidin-enriched fraction), which were prepared from lowbush blueberries (Vaccinium angustifolium), on MMP activity in DU145 human prostate cancer cells in vitro. Using gelatin gel electrophoresis, MMP activity was evaluated from cells after 24-hr exposure to blueberry fractions.

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Feb
2006

Regulation of the matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is crucial to regulate extracellular matrix (ECM) proteolysis which is important in metastasis. This study investigated the mechanism(s) by which three flavonoid-enriched fractions from lowbush blueberry (Vaccinium angustifolium) down-regulate MMP activity in DU145 human prostate cancer cells. Metalloproteinase activity was evaluated from cells exposed to "crude," anthocyanin-enriched (AN) and proanthocyanidin-enriched (PAC) fractions.

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Apr
2002

Omithine decarboxylase (ODC) and S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) expression was investigated in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts that secrete K-FGF. Correlations between altered ODC and SAMDC expression and malignant potential were determined. Increased ODC and SAMDC expression was associated with increased expression of both ODC and SAMDC mRNA and enzyme activity levels.

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Dec
1969

Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression was investigated in NIH-3T3 fibroblasts that secrete K-FGF and in NIH-3T3 cells which express chimeric bFGF with a signal sequence targeting bFGF to the secretory pathway. Correlations between altered MMPs' and other proteases' expression and malignant potential were determined. Correlations between the expression of MMPs and the invasion ability of K-FGF and bFGF over-expressing cells were also determined.

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Dec
1969

Mammalian S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (SAMDC) is a regulatory activity, which is involved in the biosynthesis of polyamines. The polyamines, namely putrescine, spermidine, and spermine, are essential for mammalian cell proliferation. SAMDC expression was examined in a H-ras transformed cell capable of metastasis formation.

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