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Author: Shuai Zhang (571)


Feb
2018

The aim of this work was to study sulfamethoxazole (SMX) removal efficiency and fate of corresponding sul genes in a stacked microbial fuel cell-constructed wetland coupled biofilm electrode reactor system (MFC-CW-BER). Findings showed that two stacked MFC-CWs could provide a relatively stable electricity supply to support the biofilm for SMX removal. Excellent SMX removal (>99.

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Jun
2018

T-Ag/ZnO nanoflowers were successfully fabricated via two steps methods on zinc foil. The chemical composition of norfloxacin was investigated by FTIR spectroscopy. The morphology, composition, and structural and optical properties of the as-synthesized materials were characterized.

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Feb
2018

Permafrost thaw can bring negative consequences in terms of ecosystems, resulting in permafrost collapse, waterlogging, thermokarst lake development, and species composition changes. Little is known about how permafrost thaw influences microbial community shifts and their activities. Here, we show that the dominant archaeal community shifts from Methanomicrobiales to Methanosarcinales in response to the permafrost thaw, and the increase in methane emission is found to be associated with the methanogenic archaea, which rapidly bloom with nearly tenfold increase in total number.

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Feb
2018

All locust epiphytic bacteria were screened and a total of 62 epiphytic bacteria were obtained from samples of Acrida cinerea. Via phylogenetic analysis, the 62 epiphytic bacteria were allocated to 27 genera, 18 families, 13 orders, six classes, and four phylums. Then, cyhalothrin degradation experiments were conducted, and the 10 strains that degraded more than 30% cyhalothrin and Paracoccus acridae SCU-M53 showed the highest cyhalothrin degradation rate of 70.

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Feb
2018

Serum uric acid (SUA) levels are highly heritable and an increased SUA level is one of important risk factors for gout, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular diseases. The genetic variants underlying SUA remains largely unexplored. The aim was to explore new genetic variants underlying SUA in Chinese Han.

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Feb
2018

Few studies have been performed on both the potential and the risks of biofilm-electrode reactors (BERs) with regard to the removal of antibiotics. This study used 33 BERs to investigate the removal rate and degradation pathway of sulfadiazine (SDZ). Furthermore, the effects of additional electrons on sul genes and microbial community composition were examined.

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Dec
1969

Fibrosis reflects a progression to liver cancer or cirrhosis of the liver. Recent studies have shown that high-mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) plays a major role in hepatic injury and fibrosis. Carnosic acid (CA), a compound extracted from rosemary, has been reported to alleviate alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver injury.

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Jan
2018

Cerebral ischemic injury causes severe brain damage and remains one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Members of the microRNA-29 (miR-29) family are involved in regulating the process of ischemia and may be developed as biomarkers to diagnose and treat cerebral ischemia. The role of miR-29b in cerebral ischemia injury remains poorly understood.

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Feb
2018

In the brain, each postsynaptic neuron interconnects many presynaptic neurons and performs functions that are related to summation and recognition as well as correlation. Based on a convolution operation and nonlinear distortion function, we propose a mathematical model to explore the elementary synaptic mechanism. A four-emitter light-induced artificial synapse is implemented on an III-nitride-on-silicon platform to validate the device concept for emulating the synaptic behaviors of a biological synapse with multiple presynaptic inputs.

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Jan
2018

Aqueous solution syntheses are mostly based on mixing two solutions with different reactants. It is shown that freezing one solution and melting it in another solution provides a new interesting strategy to mix chemicals and to significantly change the reaction kinetics and thermodynamics. For example, a precursor solution containing a certain concentration of AgNOwas frozen and dropped into a reductive NaBHsolution at about 0 °C.

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Jan
2018

This study was conducted to determine the apparent and standardized total tract digestibility (ATTD and STTD) of phosphorus (P) in corn, soybean meal (SBM), and canola meal (CM), and additivity of values for ATTD and STTD of P in corn, SBM, and CM in diets fed to growing pigs.
Thirty-six growing barrows (initial BW of 21.6 ± 1.

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Jan
2018

An experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of different diet formulations: F1 (Two complicated basal diets containing different CP levels plus tested feedstuff) vs F2 (A simple corn soybean meal basal diet plus tested feedstuff) combined with total collection (TC) or chromic oxide (Cr2O3) marker or acid-insoluble ash (AIA) marker method, and freeze-dry (FD) or oven-dry (OD) technique on estimation of nutrient digestibility in diets fed to growing pigs.
In F1, twelve barrows were allocated to two 6 × 4 Youden Squares. The treatment diets included a high protein basal (HPB) diet, a low protein basal (LPB) diet, a corn diet and a wheat bran (WB) diet formulated based on the HPB diet, and a soybean meal (SBM) diet and a rapeseed meal (RSM) diet formulated based on the LPB diet.

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Feb
2018

Pelvic floor peritoneum reconstruction is a key step in various standard resections for open radical rectal cancer. However, during endoscopic surgery, most surgeons do not close the pelvic floor peritoneum. This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of pelvic peritonization during laparoscopic Dixon surgery using an observational study.

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Jul
2017

We use path integral Monte Carlo and density functional molecular dynamics to construct a coherent set of equations of state (EOS) for a series of hydrocarbon materials with various C:H ratios (2:1, 1:1, 2:3, 1:2, and 1:4) over the range of 0.07-22.4gcm^{-3} and 6.

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Jul
2017

The atomic and electronic structure of intrinsic defects in a WSe_{2} monolayer grown on graphite was revealed by low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy. Instead of chalcogen vacancies that prevail in other transition metal dichalcogenide materials, intrinsic defects in WSe_{2} arise surprisingly from single tungsten vacancies, leading to the hole (p-type) doping. Furthermore, we found these defects to dominate the excitonic emission of the WSe_{2} monolayer at low temperature.

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Dec
1969

A range of titanium doped diamond-like carbon (Ti-DLC) coatings with different Ti contents were prepared on stainless steel substrates using a plasma-enhanced chemical vapour deposition technique. It was found that both the electron donor surface energy and the surface roughness of the Ti-DLC coatings increased with increasing Ti contents in the coatings. Bacterial adhesion to the coatings was evaluated against Escherichia coli WT F1693 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 33347.

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Feb
2018

This paper described a reliable and simple method for the selective determination of MQCA in animal tissues using ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). A highly targeted immunoaffinity column was used for sample purification after enzymatic hydrolysis. The purified extracts were analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC-MS/MS in positive ESI and multiple reaction monitoring mode.

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Mar
2018

Neuritin plays an important role in the development and regeneration of the nervous system, and shows good prospects in the treatment and protection of the nervous system. To characterize neuritin function, we constructed a baculovirus expression system of neuritin, and identified the biological activity of the neuritin protein. The results and showed that the expression product could promote the neurite growth of dorsal root ganglion in chicken embryos.

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Jan
2018

Recently, organometal halide perovskite-based optoelectronics, particularly lasers, have attracted intensive attentions because of its outstanding spectral coherence, low threshold, and wideband tunability. In this work, high-quality CHNHPbBrsingle crystals with a unique shape of cube-corner pyramids are synthesized on mica substrates using chemical vapor deposition method. These micropyramids naturally form cube-corner cavities, which are eminent candidates for small-sized resonators and retroreflectors.

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Jan
2018

In aqueous solution, host-guest complexation is frequently driven by the hydrophobic effect, which also constitutes a popular approach in the design of supramolecular assemblies. Herein, we report an orthogonal assembly motif, the chaotropic effect, which exploits the tendency of chaotropic anions to associate with hydrophobic surfaces.

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Jan
2018

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) actin filament associated protein 1 antisense RNA1 (AFAP1-AS1) is oriented in an antisense direction to the protein-coding gene AFAP1 in the opposite strand. Previous studies showed that lncRNA AFAP1-AS1 was upregulated and acted as an oncogene in a variety of tumors. However, the expression and biological functions of lncRNA AFAP1-AS1 in tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) are still unknown.

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Apr
2018

The fate of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and associated antibiotic-resistant gene (ARG) expression under electrolytic stimulation in bio-electrochemical reactors (BERs) was unknown. In this study, sulfadiazine resistant bacteria (Klebsiella spp.), which were isolated from a BER, were subjected to constant direct current (DC) stimulation in a simulated BER.

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Jan
2018

We report the study of a triaxial vector magnetoresistance (MR) in nonmagnetic (BiIn)Senanodevices at the composition of x = 0.08. We show a dumbbell-shaped in-plane negative MR up to room temperature as well as a large out-of-plane positive MR.

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Nov
2017

In this study, Fe(III)-cross-linked chitosan beads (Fe(III)-CBs) were synthesized and employed to explore the characteristics and primary mechanism of their hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) adsorption under low concentration Cr(VI) (less than 20.0 mg l) and a pH range from 2.0 to 8.

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Dec
2017

Ecological decline in the water level fluctuating (WLF) zone of the Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) has been well established over the past decades. However, the effect of heavy metal fractions present in the sediment and their potential ecological risk under the anti-seasonal hydrological regime are still unclear. The Pengxi River is a tributary of the Yangtze River and it has a typical annual water level fluctuation ranging from 145 to 175m above sea level.

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Dec
2017

Reconstruction of the defect following limb-sparing resection of malignant bone tumors is controversial and extremely challenging. Extracorporeal irradiation (ECI) and re-implantation have been used for limb salvage surgery for patients, with major advantages, including biological reconstruction, ready availability and preservation of bone stock, over replacement with a megaprosthesis. The purpose of the present study was to present our experience and details of all patients treated with this surgery.

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Dec
2017

BACKGROUND Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most important cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Pirfenidone is an orally available small molecule with therapeutic potential for fibrotic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this study, we analyzed the effects of different pirfenidone concentrations on the proliferation of HepG2 HCC cells using Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assays.

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Mar
2018

Ropinirole is a very important treatment option for Parkinson's disease (PD), a major threat to the aging population. However, this drug undergoes extensive first-pass metabolism, resulting in a low oral bioavailability. Moreover, the necessity of frequent administration due to the short half-life of ropinirole may jeopardize patient compliance.

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Mar
2018

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of strontium ranelate (SR), an anti‑osteoporotic drug, on osteolysis in an experimental mouse model of aseptic loosening. A total of 45 female C57BL/6J mice each received implantation of one titanium alloy pin into the tibia, followed by intraarticular injection of titanium particles. One week following surgery, mice were randomly divided into three groups: Control group (no additional treatment), SR625 group (treated with SR at a dose of 625 mg/kg/day), and SR1800 group (treated with SR at a dose of 1,800 mg/kg/day).

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Nov
2017

Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs), most of which display the immunosuppressive M2 phenotype, affect the tumor microenvironment and promote progression and metastasis in lung carcinoma. In this study, we analyzed clinical non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) samples and found that high densities of TAMs were associated with a poor prognosis in NSCLC patients. Moreover, the number of TAMs present correlated positively with expression of sex determining region Y (SRY)-related high mobility group box 9 (SOX9) in NSCLC tissues.

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Dec
2017

The multiple functionalities of III-nitride semiconductors enable the integration with different components into a multicomponent system with enhanced functions. Here, we propose to fabricate and characterize a monolithic InGaN photonic circuit of a transmitter, waveguide, and receiver on an III-nitride-on-silicon platform. Both the transmitter and the receiver, sharing identical InGaN/GaN multiple-quantum-well structures and fabrication procedures, work to emit light and detect light independently.

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Dec
1969

Reference genes have been utilized in estimating gene expression levels using quantitative reverse transcriptase-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis. Aphidius gifuensis Ashmaed is one of the most widely used biological control agents for aphids. The biological properties of this species have been studied in detail, and current investigations are focused on elucidating the regulatory mechanisms in its host However, the appropriate reference genes for target gene expression studies have not been identified.

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Nov
2017

Wetlands are an important methane (CH) emission source. CHis mainly produced during the biogeochemical process, in which methanogens and methanotrophs both play important roles. However, little is known how these two microbial communities change under different water regimes.

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Dec
1969

Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) may protect against coronary artery disease (CAD) in animal models, and rs1136410, a non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in, has a potential impact on PARP activities. This two-stage case-control study, involving 2803 CAD patients and 2840 controls, aimed to investigate the associations ofrs1136410 with CAD development, lipid levels, PARP activities, 8-hydroxy-2'-dexyguanosine (8-OHdG), and interleukin (IL)-6 levels in a Chinese Han population. Assuming a recessive model, the variant genotype GG of SNP rs1136410 showed a significantly inverse association with CAD risk (adjusted odds ratio (OR) = 0.

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Dec
1969

Aortic stenosis caused by leaflet calcification in the bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is more accelerative than that in the tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). MicroRNA-195 (miR-195) is downregulated more in stenotic than in insufficient BAVs, but its expression in BAVs compared with TAVs is unclear. We aimed to investigate the roles of miR-195 and its calcification-related target SMAD7 in stenotic BAVs compared with those in TAVs.

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Jan
2018

A highly crystalline copper(II) benzenehexathiolate coordination polymer (Cu-BHT) has been prepared. The two-dimensional kagome structure has been confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy. The as-prepared sample exhibits bulk superconductivity at about 0.

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Nov
2017

Parkinson disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by chronic and progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in substansia nigra pars compacta. Oxidative stress is proposed to play a critical role in the pathogenesis of PD. Uric acid (UA), as an important physiological antioxidant, is identified a molecular predictor associated with a decreased risk and a slower disease progression for PD and potential neuroprotectant of PD by increasing epidemiological and clinical evidences.

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Nov
2017

The Cangdong Sag is a complex Cenozoic rift basin at the center of the Bohai Bay Basin. Cenozoic structures in the Cangdong Sag can be subdivided into the Cangdong Fault System in the west and the Xuxi Fault System in the east. The geometry of the boundary faults varies along the axes of half-grabens.

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Nov
2017

Photochemical solution-phase reactions have been widely applied for the syntheses of nanocrystals. In particular, tuning of the nucleation and growth of solids has been a major area of focus. Here we demonstrate a facile approach to generate atomically dispersed platinum via photochemical reduction of frozen chloroplatinic acid solution using ultraviolet light.

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Nov
2017

Postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) is referred to as meal-related functional dyspepsia (FD) and causes a reduced quality of life (QoL) for patients. Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have suggested that acupuncture is an effective treatment for FD, but few studies were particularly for PDS. This pilot study was designed to determine the feasibility and efficacy of acupuncture in patients with PDS characterized by postprandial fullness and early satiation according to the Rome III criteria.

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Feb
2018

This study was conducted to evaluate effects of inclusion level and supplementary amino acids (AAs) on digestible energy (DE) and metabolizable energy (ME) values of soybean meal (SBM) fed to growing pigs, determined by difference and regression methods. Sixty pigs were fed 10 diets according to a 5 × 2 factorial arrangement. Two control diets contained 97.

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Apr
2018

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease and is characterized by neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) composed of Tau protein. α-Lipoic acid (LA) has been found to stabilize the cognitive function of AD patients, and animal study findings have confirmed its anti-amyloidogenic properties. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear, especially with respect to the ability of LA to control Tau pathology and neuronal damage.

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Apr
2018

Engineered nanoparticles are increasingly discharged into the environment. After discharge, these nanoparticles can interact with co-existing organic contaminants, resulting in a phenomena referred to as 'joint toxicity'. This study evaluated joint toxicities of TiOnanoparticles (TiONPs) with four different (atrazine, hexachlorobenzene, pentachlorobenzene, and 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl) organochlorine contaminants (OCs) toward algae (Chlorella pyrenoidosa).

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Mar
2018

Ischemic cerebral stroke is a leading cause of death and long-term disability world-wide. Neuronal injury following cerebral ischemia initiates a complex series of signaling cascades that lead to neuronal cell death. MicroRNA 29b (miR-29b) has reported involvement in the pathogenic process of ischemic brain injury.

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Dec
1969

The challenge of detecting research topics in a specific research field has attracted attention from researchers in the bibliometrics community. In this study, to solve two problems of clustering papers, i.e.

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Oct
2017

Dirac Fermions with different helicities exist on the top and bottom surfaces of topological insulators, offering a rare opportunity to break the degeneracy protected by the no-go theorem. Through the application of Co clusters, quantum Hall plateaus were modulated for the topological insulator BiSbTeSe, allowing an optimized surface transport. Here, using renormalization group flow diagrams, we show the extraction of two sets of converging points in the conductivity tensor space, revealing that the top surface exhibits an anomalous quantization trajectory, while the bottom surface retains the 1/2 quantization.

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Oct
2017

Two-dimensional metallic transition metal dichalcogenides are emerging as prototypes for uncovering fundamental physical phenomena, such as superconductivity and charge-density waves, as well as for engineering-related applications. However, the batch production of such envisioned transition metal dichalcogenides remains challenging, which has hindered the aforementioned explorations. Herein, we fabricate thickness-tunable tantalum disulfide flakes and centimetre-sized ultrathin films on an electrode material of gold foil via a facile chemical vapour deposition route.

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Aug
2017

A fundamental boron cluster, [closo-BH], mainly known as an inert agent for boron neutron capture therapy, can also serve as a bi-functional reductant and a capping agent for the formation of monodispersed size-controlled gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) under mild reaction conditions. The obtained AuNPs remained thermo-dynamically stable over 3 months, and exhibited high performance in phase transfer and sensing of heavy metal ions.

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Dec
2017

Specification of distinct cell types from Müller glial cells is key to the potential application of endogenous repair in retinal regeneration. Sonic hedgehog (SHH) has been established as a potent mitogen for rat Müller glial cells, which also induces Müller glial cells to dedifferentiate and adopt the phenotype of rod photoreceptors. The present study investigated the effects of purmorphamine, a small molecule that activates the SHH‑pathway, in the proliferation, dedifferentiation and transdifferentiation of Müller glial cells, as determined by several methods including immunofluorescence, polymerase chain reaction and western blotting.

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Feb
2018

Late embryogenesis abundant (LEA) proteins are highly hydrophilic proteins with key roles in environmental stress responses. In this study, we performed the first survey of the LEA proteome in seedling leaves from two wheat genotypes subjected to drought stress, i.e.

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