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Author: Susanne Erk (68)


Sep
2017

The rs1625579 variant near the microRNA-137 (MIR137) gene is one of the best-supported schizophrenia variants in genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and microRNA-137 functionally regulates other GWAS identified schizophrenia risk variants. Schizophrenia patients with the MIR137 rs1625579 risk genotype (homozygous for the schizophrenia risk variant) also have aberrant brain structure. It is unclear if the effect of MIR137 among schizophrenia patients is due to potential epistasis with genetic risk for schizophrenia or other factors of the disorder.

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Sep
2017

Establishing reliable, robust, and unique brain signatures from neuroimaging data is a prerequisite for precision psychiatry, and therefore a highly sought-after goal in contemporary neuroscience. Recently, the procedure of connectome fingerprinting, using brain functional connectivity profiles as such signatures, was shown to be able to accurately identify individuals from a group of 126 subjects from the Human Connectome Project (HCP). However, the specificity and generalizability of this procedure were not tested.

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Jan
2018

The serotonin transporter-linked polymorphic region 5-HTTLPR is a key genetic regulator of 5-HTT expression in the human brain where the short allele S has been implicated in emotion dysregulation. However, the neural mechanism underlying the association between this variant and emotion processing is still unclear. Earlier studies suggested an effect of 5-HTTLPR on amygdala activation during emotional face processing.

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Dec
2017

The fundamental role of the brain-specific myelin transcription factor 1-like (MYT1L) gene in cases of intellectual disability and in the etiology of neurodevelopmental disorders is increasingly recognized. Yet, its function remains under-investigated. Here, we identify a network of helix-loop-helix (HLH) transcriptional regulators controlled by MYT1L, as indicated by our analyses in human neural stem cells and in the human brain.

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Jun
2017

Threshold-free cluster enhancement (TFCE) is a sensitive means to incorporate spatial neighborhood information in neuroimaging studies without using arbitrary thresholds. The majority of methods have applied TFCE to voxelwise data. The need to understand the relationship among multiple variables and imaging modalities has become critical.

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Jun
2017

We evaluated whether sliding-window analysis can reveal functionally relevant brain network dynamics during a well-established fear conditioning paradigm. To this end, we tested if fMRI fluctuations in amygdala functional connectivity (FC) can be related to task-induced changes in physiological arousal and vigilance, as reflected in the skin conductance level (SCL). Thirty-two healthy individuals participated in the study.

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Jul
2017

Imbalances in cortico-limbic activity and functional connectivity (FC) supposedly underlie biased emotional processing and present putative intermediate phenotypes (IPs) for major depressive disorder (MDD). To prove the validity of these IPs, we assessed them in familial risk. In 70 healthy first-degree relatives of MDD patients and 70 controls, brain activity and seed-based amygdala FC were assessed during an implicit emotional processing task for fMRI containing angry and fearful faces.

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Sep
2017

Altered connectivity of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and hippocampus during working memory is considered an intermediate phenotype for schizophrenia (SCZ), but the relevance for other mental disorders with shared genetic background remains unknown. Here we investigated its presence in unaffected first-degree relatives of patients with bipolar disorder (BD) or major depressive disorder (MDD). Furthermore, we aimed to provide an independent replication of this phenotype in first-degree relatives of SCZ patients.

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Apr
2017

Although conscientiousness has for a long time been considered generally adaptive, there are findings challenging this view, suggesting that conscientiousness might be less advantageous during uncontrollable stress. We here examined the impact of conscientiousness on brain activation during and the cortisol response following an uncontrollable social evaluative stress task in order to test this hypothesis. Brain activation and cortisol levels were measured during an fMRI stress task, where subjects (n=86) performed cognitive tasks containing preprogrammed failure under time pressure, while being monitored by a panel of experts inducing social-evaluative threat.

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Jan
2017

Novel genetic loci associated with hippocampal volume.

Nat Commun 2017 Jan 18;8:13624. Epub 2017 Jan 18.
Derrek P Hibar, Hieab H H Adams, Neda Jahanshad, Ganesh Chauhan, Jason L Stein, Edith Hofer, Miguel E Renteria, Joshua C Bis, Alejandro Arias-Vasquez, M Kamran Ikram, Sylvane Desrivières, Meike W Vernooij, Lucija Abramovic, Saud Alhusaini, Najaf Amin, Micael Andersson, Konstantinos Arfanakis, Benjamin S Aribisala, Nicola J Armstrong, Lavinia Athanasiu, Tomas Axelsson, Ashley H Beecham, Alexa Beiser, Manon Bernard, Susan H Blanton, Marc M Bohlken, Marco P Boks, Janita Bralten, Adam M Brickman, Owen Carmichael, M Mallar Chakravarty, Qiang Chen, Christopher R K Ching, Vincent Chouraki, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Fabrice Crivello, Anouk Den Braber, Nhat Trung Doan, Stefan Ehrlich, Sudheer Giddaluru, Aaron L Goldman, Rebecca F Gottesman, Oliver Grimm, Michael E Griswold, Tulio Guadalupe, Boris A Gutman, Johanna Hass, Unn K Haukvik, David Hoehn, Avram J Holmes, Martine Hoogman, Deborah Janowitz, Tianye Jia, Kjetil N Jørgensen, Nazanin Karbalai, Dalia Kasperaviciute, Sungeun Kim, Marieke Klein, Bernd Kraemer, Phil H Lee, David C M Liewald, Lorna M Lopez, Michelle Luciano, Christine Macare, Andre F Marquand, Mar Matarin, Karen A Mather, Manuel Mattheisen, David R McKay, Yuri Milaneschi, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Kwangsik Nho, Allison C Nugent, Paul Nyquist, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Jaap Oosterlaan, Martina Papmeyer, Lukas Pirpamer, Benno Pütz, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Jennifer S Richards, Shannon L Risacher, Roberto Roiz-Santiañez, Nanda Rommelse, Stefan Ropele, Emma J Rose, Natalie A Royle, Tatjana Rundek, Philipp G Sämann, Arvin Saremi, Claudia L Satizabal, Lianne Schmaal, Andrew J Schork, Li Shen, Jean Shin, Elena Shumskaya, Albert V Smith, Emma Sprooten, Lachlan T Strike, Alexander Teumer, Diana Tordesillas-Gutierrez, Roberto Toro, Daniah Trabzuni, Stella Trompet, Dhananjay Vaidya, Jeroen Van der Grond, Sven J Van der Lee, Dennis Van der Meer, Marjolein M J Van Donkelaar, Kristel R Van Eijk, Theo G M Van Erp, Daan Van Rooij, Esther Walton, Lars T Westlye, Christopher D Whelan, Beverly G Windham, Anderson M Winkler, Katharina Wittfeld, Girma Woldehawariat, Christiane Wolf, Thomas Wolfers, Lisa R Yanek, Jingyun Yang, Alex Zijdenbos, Marcel P Zwiers, Ingrid Agartz, Laura Almasy, David Ames, Philippe Amouyel, Ole A Andreassen, Sampath Arepalli, Amelia A Assareh, Sandra Barral, Mark E Bastin, Diane M Becker, James T Becker, David A Bennett, John Blangero, Hans van Bokhoven, Dorret I Boomsma, Henry Brodaty, Rachel M Brouwer, Han G Brunner, Randy L Buckner, Jan K Buitelaar, Kazima B Bulayeva, Wiepke Cahn, Vince D Calhoun, Dara M Cannon, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, Ching-Yu Cheng, Sven Cichon, Mark R Cookson, Aiden Corvin, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Joanne E Curran, Michael Czisch, Anders M Dale, Gareth E Davies, Anton J M De Craen, Eco J C De Geus, Philip L De Jager, Greig I De Zubicaray, Ian J Deary, Stéphanie Debette, Charles DeCarli, Norman Delanty, Chantal Depondt, Anita DeStefano, Allissa Dillman, Srdjan Djurovic, Gary Donohoe, Wayne C Drevets, Ravi Duggirala, Thomas D Dyer, Christian Enzinger, Susanne Erk, Thomas Espeseth, Iryna O Fedko, Guillén Fernández, Luigi Ferrucci, Simon E Fisher, Debra A Fleischman, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Tatiana M Foroud, Peter T Fox, Clyde Francks, Masaki Fukunaga, J Raphael Gibbs, David C Glahn, Randy L Gollub, Harald H H Göring, Robert C Green, Oliver Gruber, Vilmundur Gudnason, Sebastian Guelfi, Asta K Håberg, Narelle K Hansell, John Hardy, Catharina A Hartman, Ryota Hashimoto, Katrin Hegenscheid, Andreas Heinz, Stephanie Le Hellard, Dena G Hernandez, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Beng-Choon Ho, Pieter J Hoekstra, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Albert Hofman, Florian Holsboer, Georg Homuth, Norbert Hosten, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Matthew Huentelman, Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol, Masashi Ikeda, Clifford R Jack, Mark Jenkinson, Robert Johnson, Erik G Jönsson, J Wouter Jukema, René S Kahn, Ryota Kanai, Iwona Kloszewska, David S Knopman, Peter Kochunov, John B Kwok, Stephen M Lawrie, Hervé Lemaître, Xinmin Liu, Dan L Longo, Oscar L Lopez, Simon Lovestone, Oliver Martinez, Jean-Luc Martinot, Venkata S Mattay, Colm McDonald, Andrew M McIntosh, Francis J McMahon, Katie L McMahon, Patrizia Mecocci, Ingrid Melle, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Sebastian Mohnke, Grant W Montgomery, Derek W Morris, Thomas H Mosley, Thomas W Mühleisen, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Michael A Nalls, Matthias Nauck, Thomas E Nichols, Wiro J Niessen, Markus M Nöthen, Lars Nyberg, Kazutaka Ohi, Rene L Olvera, Roel A Ophoff, Massimo Pandolfo, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Brenda W J H Penninx, G Bruce Pike, Steven G Potkin, Bruce M Psaty, Simone Reppermund, Marcella Rietschel, Joshua L Roffman, Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth, Jerome I Rotter, Mina Ryten, Ralph L Sacco, Perminder S Sachdev, Andrew J Saykin, Reinhold Schmidt, Helena Schmidt, Peter R Schofield, Sigurdur Sigursson, Andrew Simmons, Andrew Singleton, Sanjay M Sisodiya, Colin Smith, Jordan W Smoller, Hilkka Soininen, Vidar M Steen, David J Stott, Jessika E Sussmann, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Arthur W Toga, Bryan J Traynor, Juan Troncoso, Magda Tsolaki, Christophe Tzourio, Andre G Uitterlinden, Maria C Valdés Hernández, Marcel Van der Brug, Aad van der Lugt, Nic J A van der Wee, Neeltje E M Van Haren, Dennis van 't Ent, Marie-Jose Van Tol, Badri N Vardarajan, Bruno Vellas, Dick J Veltman, Henry Völzke, Henrik Walter, Joanna M Wardlaw, Thomas H Wassink, Michael E Weale, Daniel R Weinberger, Michael W Weiner, Wei Wen, Eric Westman, Tonya White, Tien Y Wong, Clinton B Wright, Ronald H Zielke, Alan B Zonderman, Nicholas G Martin, Cornelia M Van Duijn, Margaret J Wright, W T Longstreth, Gunter Schumann, Hans J Grabe, Barbara Franke, Lenore J Launer, Sarah E Medland, Sudha Seshadri, Paul M Thompson, M Arfan Ikram
The hippocampal formation is a brain structure integrally involved in episodic memory, spatial navigation, cognition and stress responsiveness. Structural abnormalities in hippocampal volume and shape are found in several common neuropsychiatric disorders. To identify the genetic underpinnings of hippocampal structure here we perform a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of 33,536 individuals and discover six independent loci significantly associated with hippocampal volume, four of them novel.

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Nov
2016

Schizophrenia is increasingly recognized as a disorder of distributed neural dynamics, but the molecular and genetic contributions are poorly understood. Recent work highlights a role for altered N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor signaling and related impairments in the excitation-inhibitory balance and synchrony of large-scale neural networks. Here, we combined a pharmacological intervention with novel techniques from dynamic network neuroscience applied to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify alterations in the dynamic reconfiguration of brain networks related to schizophrenia genetic risk and NMDA receptor hypofunction.

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Dec
1969

Novel genetic loci underlying human intracranial volume identified through genome-wide association.

Nat Neurosci 2016 12 3;19(12):1569-1582. Epub 2016 Oct 3.
Hieab H H Adams, Derrek P Hibar, Vincent Chouraki, Jason L Stein, Paul A Nyquist, Miguel E Rentería, Stella Trompet, Alejandro Arias-Vasquez, Sudha Seshadri, Sylvane Desrivières, Ashley H Beecham, Neda Jahanshad, Katharina Wittfeld, Sven J Van der Lee, Lucija Abramovic, Saud Alhusaini, Najaf Amin, Micael Andersson, Konstantinos Arfanakis, Benjamin S Aribisala, Nicola J Armstrong, Lavinia Athanasiu, Tomas Axelsson, Alexa Beiser, Manon Bernard, Joshua C Bis, Laura M E Blanken, Susan H Blanton, Marc M Bohlken, Marco P Boks, Janita Bralten, Adam M Brickman, Owen Carmichael, M Mallar Chakravarty, Ganesh Chauhan, Qiang Chen, Christopher R K Ching, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Anouk Den Braber, Nhat Trung Doan, Stefan Ehrlich, Irina Filippi, Tian Ge, Sudheer Giddaluru, Aaron L Goldman, Rebecca F Gottesman, Corina U Greven, Oliver Grimm, Michael E Griswold, Tulio Guadalupe, Johanna Hass, Unn K Haukvik, Saima Hilal, Edith Hofer, David Hoehn, Avram J Holmes, Martine Hoogman, Deborah Janowitz, Tianye Jia, Dalia Kasperaviciute, Sungeun Kim, Marieke Klein, Bernd Kraemer, Phil H Lee, Jiemin Liao, David C M Liewald, Lorna M Lopez, Michelle Luciano, Christine Macare, Andre Marquand, Mar Matarin, Karen A Mather, Manuel Mattheisen, Bernard Mazoyer, David R McKay, Rebekah McWhirter, Yuri Milaneschi, Nazanin Mirza-Schreiber, Ryan L Muetzel, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Kwangsik Nho, Allison C Nugent, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Jaap Oosterlaan, Martina Papmeyer, Irene Pappa, Lukas Pirpamer, Sara Pudas, Benno Pütz, Kumar B Rajan, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Jennifer S Richards, Shannon L Risacher, Roberto Roiz-Santiañez, Nanda Rommelse, Emma J Rose, Natalie A Royle, Tatjana Rundek, Philipp G Sämann, Claudia L Satizabal, Lianne Schmaal, Andrew J Schork, Li Shen, Jean Shin, Elena Shumskaya, Albert V Smith, Emma Sprooten, Lachlan T Strike, Alexander Teumer, Russell Thomson, Diana Tordesillas-Gutierrez, Roberto Toro, Daniah Trabzuni, Dhananjay Vaidya, Jeroen Van der Grond, Dennis Van der Meer, Marjolein M J Van Donkelaar, Kristel R Van Eijk, Theo G M Van Erp, Daan Van Rooij, Esther Walton, Lars T Westlye, Christopher D Whelan, Beverly G Windham, Anderson M Winkler, Girma Woldehawariat, Christiane Wolf, Thomas Wolfers, Bing Xu, Lisa R Yanek, Jingyun Yang, Alex Zijdenbos, Marcel P Zwiers, Ingrid Agartz, Neelum T Aggarwal, Laura Almasy, David Ames, Philippe Amouyel, Ole A Andreassen, Sampath Arepalli, Amelia A Assareh, Sandra Barral, Mark E Bastin, Diane M Becker, James T Becker, David A Bennett, John Blangero, Hans van Bokhoven, Dorret I Boomsma, Henry Brodaty, Rachel M Brouwer, Han G Brunner, Randy L Buckner, Jan K Buitelaar, Kazima B Bulayeva, Wiepke Cahn, Vince D Calhoun, Dara M Cannon, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, Christopher Chen, Ching-Yu Cheng, Sven Cichon, Mark R Cookson, Aiden Corvin, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Joanne E Curran, Michael Czisch, Anders M Dale, Gareth E Davies, Eco J C De Geus, Philip L De Jager, Greig I de Zubicaray, Norman Delanty, Chantal Depondt, Anita L DeStefano, Allissa Dillman, Srdjan Djurovic, Gary Donohoe, Wayne C Drevets, Ravi Duggirala, Thomas D Dyer, Susanne Erk, Thomas Espeseth, Denis A Evans, Iryna O Fedko, Guillén Fernández, Luigi Ferrucci, Simon E Fisher, Debra A Fleischman, Ian Ford, Tatiana M Foroud, Peter T Fox, Clyde Francks, Masaki Fukunaga, J Raphael Gibbs, David C Glahn, Randy L Gollub, Harald H H Göring, Hans J Grabe, Robert C Green, Oliver Gruber, Vilmundur Gudnason, Sebastian Guelfi, Narelle K Hansell, John Hardy, Catharina A Hartman, Ryota Hashimoto, Katrin Hegenscheid, Andreas Heinz, Stephanie Le Hellard, Dena G Hernandez, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Beng-Choon Ho, Pieter J Hoekstra, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Albert Hofman, Florian Holsboer, Georg Homuth, Norbert Hosten, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol, Masashi Ikeda, M Kamran Ikram, Clifford R Jack, Mark Jenkinson, Robert Johnson, Erik G Jönsson, J Wouter Jukema, René S Kahn, Ryota Kanai, Iwona Kloszewska, David S Knopman, Peter Kochunov, John B Kwok, Stephen M Lawrie, Hervé Lemaître, Xinmin Liu, Dan L Longo, W T Longstreth, Oscar L Lopez, Simon Lovestone, Oliver Martinez, Jean-Luc Martinot, Venkata S Mattay, Colm McDonald, Andrew M McIntosh, Katie L McMahon, Francis J McMahon, Patrizia Mecocci, Ingrid Melle, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Sebastian Mohnke, Grant W Montgomery, Derek W Morris, Thomas H Mosley, Thomas W Mühleisen, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Michael A Nalls, Matthias Nauck, Thomas E Nichols, Wiro J Niessen, Markus M Nöthen, Lars Nyberg, Kazutaka Ohi, Rene L Olvera, Roel A Ophoff, Massimo Pandolfo, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Brenda W J H Penninx, G Bruce Pike, Steven G Potkin, Bruce M Psaty, Simone Reppermund, Marcella Rietschel, Joshua L Roffman, Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth, Jerome I Rotter, Mina Ryten, Ralph L Sacco, Perminder S Sachdev, Andrew J Saykin, Reinhold Schmidt, Peter R Schofield, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Andy Simmons, Andrew Singleton, Sanjay M Sisodiya, Colin Smith, Jordan W Smoller, Hilkka Soininen, Velandai Srikanth, Vidar M Steen, David J Stott, Jessika E Sussmann, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Henning Tiemeier, Arthur W Toga, Bryan J Traynor, Juan Troncoso, Jessica A Turner, Christophe Tzourio, Andre G Uitterlinden, Maria C Valdés Hernández, Marcel Van der Brug, Aad Van der Lugt, Nic J A Van der Wee, Cornelia M Van Duijn, Neeltje E M Van Haren, Dennis Van T Ent, Marie-Jose Van Tol, Badri N Vardarajan, Dick J Veltman, Meike W Vernooij, Henry Völzke, Henrik Walter, Joanna M Wardlaw, Thomas H Wassink, Michael E Weale, Daniel R Weinberger, Michael W Weiner, Wei Wen, Eric Westman, Tonya White, Tien Y Wong, Clinton B Wright, H Ronald Zielke, Alan B Zonderman, Ian J Deary, Charles DeCarli, Helena Schmidt, Nicholas G Martin, Anton J M De Craen, Margaret J Wright, Lenore J Launer, Gunter Schumann, Myriam Fornage, Barbara Franke, Stéphanie Debette, Sarah E Medland, M Arfan Ikram, Paul M Thompson
Intracranial volume reflects the maximally attained brain size during development, and remains stable with loss of tissue in late life. It is highly heritable, but the underlying genes remain largely undetermined. In a genome-wide association study of 32,438 adults, we discovered five previously unknown loci for intracranial volume and confirmed two known signals.

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Dec
1969

Individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD) are characterized by emotional instability, impaired emotion regulation and unresolved attachment patterns associated with abusive childhood experiences. We investigated the neural response during the activation of the attachment system in BPD patients compared to healthy controls using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Eleven female patients with BPD without posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 17 healthy female controls matched for age and education were telling stories in the scanner in response to the Adult Attachment Projective Picture System (AAP), an eight-picture set assessment of adult attachment.

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Jun
2016

Although deficits in emotional processing are prominent in schizophrenia, it has been difficult to identify neural mechanisms related to the genetic risk for this highly heritable illness. Prior studies have not found consistent regional activation or connectivity alterations in first-degree relatives compared with healthy controls, suggesting that a more comprehensive search for connectomic biomarkers is warranted.
To identify a potential systems-level intermediate phenotype linked to emotion processing in schizophrenia and to examine the psychological association, task specificity, test-retest reliability, and clinical validity of the identified phenotype.

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Dec
1969

Resilience can be defined as the capability of an individual to maintain health despite stress and adversity. Here we suggest to study the temporal dynamics of neural processes associated with affective perturbation and emotion regulation at different time scales to investigate the mechanisms of resilience. Parameters related to neural recovery might serve as a predictive biomarker for resilience.

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Dec
2015

Behavioral deficits in the Theory of Mind (ToM) have been robustly demonstrated in bipolar disorder. These deficits may represent an intermediate phenotype of the disease. The aim of this study was: (i) to investigate alterations in neural ToM processing in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder, and (ii) to examine whether similar effects are present in unaffected relatives of patients with bipolar disorder suggesting that ToM functional activation may be, in part, due to genetic risk for the disease.

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Dec
1969

Humans value rewards less when these are delivered in the future as opposed to immediately, a phenomenon referred to as delay discounting. While delay discounting has been studied during the anticipation of rewards and in the context of intertemporal decision-making, little is known about its neural correlates in the outcome phase (during reward delivery) and their relation to personality. Personality traits that have been associated with increased delay discounting include impulsivity and, potentially, anxious-depressive traits.

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Feb
2016

As evidenced by a multitude of studies, abnormalities in Theory of Mind (ToM) and its neural processing might constitute an intermediate phenotype of schizophrenia. If so, neural alterations during ToM should be observable in unaffected relatives of patients as well, since they share a considerable amount of genetic risk. While behaviorally, impaired ToM function is confirmed meta-analytically in relatives, evidence on aberrant function of the neural ToM network is sparse and inconclusive.

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Sep
2015

The brain is an inherently dynamic system, and executive cognition requires dynamically reconfiguring, highly evolving networks of brain regions that interact in complex and transient communication patterns. However, a precise characterization of these reconfiguration processes during cognitive function in humans remains elusive. Here, we use a series of techniques developed in the field of "dynamic network neuroscience" to investigate the dynamics of functional brain networks in 344 healthy subjects during a working-memory challenge (the "n-back" task).

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Oct
2015

The application of global signal regression (GSR) to resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data and its usefulness is a widely discussed topic. In this article, we report an observation of segregated distribution of amygdala resting-state functional connectivity (rs-FC) within the fusiform gyrus (FFG) as an effect of GSR in a multi-center-sample of 276 healthy subjects. Specifically, we observed that amygdala rs-FC was distributed within the FFG as distinct anterior versus posterior clusters delineated by positive versus negative rs-FC polarity when GSR was performed.

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Apr
2015

Common genetic variants influence human subcortical brain structures.

Nature 2015 Apr 21;520(7546):224-9. Epub 2015 Jan 21.
Derrek P Hibar, Jason L Stein, Miguel E Renteria, Alejandro Arias-Vasquez, Sylvane Desrivières, Neda Jahanshad, Roberto Toro, Katharina Wittfeld, Lucija Abramovic, Micael Andersson, Benjamin S Aribisala, Nicola J Armstrong, Manon Bernard, Marc M Bohlken, Marco P Boks, Janita Bralten, Andrew A Brown, M Mallar Chakravarty, Qiang Chen, Christopher R K Ching, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Anouk den Braber, Sudheer Giddaluru, Aaron L Goldman, Oliver Grimm, Tulio Guadalupe, Johanna Hass, Girma Woldehawariat, Avram J Holmes, Martine Hoogman, Deborah Janowitz, Tianye Jia, Sungeun Kim, Marieke Klein, Bernd Kraemer, Phil H Lee, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Michelle Luciano, Christine Macare, Karen A Mather, Manuel Mattheisen, Yuri Milaneschi, Kwangsik Nho, Martina Papmeyer, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Shannon L Risacher, Roberto Roiz-Santiañez, Emma J Rose, Alireza Salami, Philipp G Sämann, Lianne Schmaal, Andrew J Schork, Jean Shin, Lachlan T Strike, Alexander Teumer, Marjolein M J van Donkelaar, Kristel R van Eijk, Raymond K Walters, Lars T Westlye, Christopher D Whelan, Anderson M Winkler, Marcel P Zwiers, Saud Alhusaini, Lavinia Athanasiu, Stefan Ehrlich, Marina M H Hakobjan, Cecilie B Hartberg, Unn K Haukvik, Angelien J G A M Heister, David Hoehn, Dalia Kasperaviciute, David C M Liewald, Lorna M Lopez, Remco R R Makkinje, Mar Matarin, Marlies A M Naber, D Reese McKay, Margaret Needham, Allison C Nugent, Benno Pütz, Natalie A Royle, Li Shen, Emma Sprooten, Daniah Trabzuni, Saskia S L van der Marel, Kimm J E van Hulzen, Esther Walton, Christiane Wolf, Laura Almasy, David Ames, Sampath Arepalli, Amelia A Assareh, Mark E Bastin, Henry Brodaty, Kazima B Bulayeva, Melanie A Carless, Sven Cichon, Aiden Corvin, Joanne E Curran, Michael Czisch, Greig I de Zubicaray, Allissa Dillman, Ravi Duggirala, Thomas D Dyer, Susanne Erk, Iryna O Fedko, Luigi Ferrucci, Tatiana M Foroud, Peter T Fox, Masaki Fukunaga, J Raphael Gibbs, Harald H H Göring, Robert C Green, Sebastian Guelfi, Narelle K Hansell, Catharina A Hartman, Katrin Hegenscheid, Andreas Heinz, Dena G Hernandez, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Pieter J Hoekstra, Florian Holsboer, Georg Homuth, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Masashi Ikeda, Clifford R Jack, Mark Jenkinson, Robert Johnson, Ryota Kanai, Maria Keil, Jack W Kent, Peter Kochunov, John B Kwok, Stephen M Lawrie, Xinmin Liu, Dan L Longo, Katie L McMahon, Eva Meisenzahl, Ingrid Melle, Sebastian Mohnke, Grant W Montgomery, Jeanette C Mostert, Thomas W Mühleisen, Michael A Nalls, Thomas E Nichols, Lars G Nilsson, Markus M Nöthen, Kazutaka Ohi, Rene L Olvera, Rocio Perez-Iglesias, G Bruce Pike, Steven G Potkin, Ivar Reinvang, Simone Reppermund, Marcella Rietschel, Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth, Glenn D Rosen, Dan Rujescu, Knut Schnell, Peter R Schofield, Colin Smith, Vidar M Steen, Jessika E Sussmann, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Arthur W Toga, Bryan J Traynor, Juan Troncoso, Jessica A Turner, Maria C Valdés Hernández, Dennis van 't Ent, Marcel van der Brug, Nic J A van der Wee, Marie-Jose van Tol, Dick J Veltman, Thomas H Wassink, Eric Westman, Ronald H Zielke, Alan B Zonderman, David G Ashbrook, Reinmar Hager, Lu Lu, Francis J McMahon, Derek W Morris, Robert W Williams, Han G Brunner, Randy L Buckner, Jan K Buitelaar, Wiepke Cahn, Vince D Calhoun, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Anders M Dale, Gareth E Davies, Norman Delanty, Chantal Depondt, Srdjan Djurovic, Wayne C Drevets, Thomas Espeseth, Randy L Gollub, Beng-Choon Ho, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Norbert Hosten, René S Kahn, Stephanie Le Hellard, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Matthias Nauck, Lars Nyberg, Massimo Pandolfo, Brenda W J H Penninx, Joshua L Roffman, Sanjay M Sisodiya, Jordan W Smoller, Hans van Bokhoven, Neeltje E M van Haren, Henry Völzke, Henrik Walter, Michael W Weiner, Wei Wen, Tonya White, Ingrid Agartz, Ole A Andreassen, John Blangero, Dorret I Boomsma, Rachel M Brouwer, Dara M Cannon, Mark R Cookson, Eco J C de Geus, Ian J Deary, Gary Donohoe, Guillén Fernández, Simon E Fisher, Clyde Francks, David C Glahn, Hans J Grabe, Oliver Gruber, John Hardy, Ryota Hashimoto, Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol, Erik G Jönsson, Iwona Kloszewska, Simon Lovestone, Venkata S Mattay, Patrizia Mecocci, Colm McDonald, Andrew M McIntosh, Roel A Ophoff, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Mina Ryten, Perminder S Sachdev, Andrew J Saykin, Andy Simmons, Andrew Singleton, Hilkka Soininen, Joanna M Wardlaw, Michael E Weale, Daniel R Weinberger, Hieab H H Adams, Lenore J Launer, Stephan Seiler, Reinhold Schmidt, Ganesh Chauhan, Claudia L Satizabal, James T Becker, Lisa Yanek, Sven J van der Lee, Maritza Ebling, Bruce Fischl, W T Longstreth, Douglas Greve, Helena Schmidt, Paul Nyquist, Louis N Vinke, Cornelia M van Duijn, Luting Xue, Bernard Mazoyer, Joshua C Bis, Vilmundur Gudnason, Sudha Seshadri, M Arfan Ikram, , , , , , Nicholas G Martin, Margaret J Wright, Gunter Schumann, Barbara Franke, Paul M Thompson, Sarah E Medland
The highly complex structure of the human brain is strongly shaped by genetic influences. Subcortical brain regions form circuits with cortical areas to coordinate movement, learning, memory and motivation, and altered circuits can lead to abnormal behaviour and disease. To investigate how common genetic variants affect the structure of these brain regions, here we conduct genome-wide association studies of the volumes of seven subcortical regions and the intracranial volume derived from magnetic resonance images of 30,717 individuals from 50 cohorts.

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Dec
1969

Elderly individuals with subjective memory impairment (SMI) report memory decline, but perform within the age-, gender-, and education- adjusted normal range on neuropsychological tests. Longitudinal studies indicate SMI as a risk factor or early sign of Alzheimer's disease (AD). There is increasing evidence from neuroimaging that at the group level, subjects with SMI display evidence of AD related pathology.

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Dec
1969

Although a heritable contribution to risk for major depressive disorder (MDD) has been established and neural alterations in patients have been identified through neuroimaging, it is unclear which brain abnormalities are related to genetic risk. Studies on brain structure of high-risk subjects - such as individuals carrying a familial liability for the development of MDD - can provide information on the potential usefulness of these measures as intermediate phenotypes of MDD.
63 healthy first-degree relatives of patients with MDD and 63 healthy controls underwent structural magnetic resonance imaging.

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Nov
2014

Emotions are an indispensable part of our mental life. The term emotion regulation refers to those processes that influence the generation, the experience and the expression of emotions. There is a great variety of strategies to regulate emotions efficiently, which are used in daily life and that have been investigated by cognitive neuroscience.

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Jul
2014

Functional interactions between the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and hippocampus during working memory have been studied extensively as an intermediate phenotype for schizophrenia. Coupling abnormalities have been found in patients, their unaffected siblings, and carriers of common genetic variants associated with schizophrenia, but the global genetic architecture of this imaging phenotype is unclear. To achieve genome-wide hypothesis-free identification of genes and pathways associated with prefrontal-hippocampal interactions, we combined gene set enrichment analysis with whole-genome genotyping and functional magnetic resonance imaging data from 269 healthy German volunteers.

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Dec
1969

Task-rest interactions, defined as the modulation of brain activation during fixation periods depending on the preceding stimulation and experimental manipulation, have been described repeatedly for different cognitively demanding tasks in various regions across the brain. However, task-rest interactions in emotive paradigms have received considerably less attention. In this study, we therefore investigated task-rest interactions evoked by the induction and instructed regulation of negative emotion.

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Jul
2014

Variation in the CACNA1C gene has consistently been associated with psychosis in genome wide association studies. We have previously shown in a sample of n=110 healthy subjects that carriers of the CACNA1C rs1006737 risk variant exhibit hippocampal and perigenual anterior cingulate dysfunction (pgACC) during episodic memory recall. Here, we aimed to replicate our results, by testing for the effects of the rs1006737 risk variant in a new large cohort of healthy controls.

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May
2014

Attenuated ventral striatal response during reward anticipation is a core feature of schizophrenia that is seen in prodromal, drug-naive, and chronic schizophrenic patients. Schizophrenia is highly heritable, raising the possibility that this phenotype is related to the genetic risk for the disorder.
To examine a large sample of healthy first-degree relatives of schizophrenic patients and compare their neural responses to reward anticipation with those of carefully matched controls without a family psychiatric history.

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Sep
2014

Variation in CACNA1C has consistently been associated with psychiatric disease in genome-wide association studies. We have previously shown that healthy carriers of the CACNA1C rs1006737 risk variant exhibit hippocampal and perigenual anterior cingulate (pgACC) dysfunction during episodic memory recall. To test whether this brain systems-level abnormality is a potential intermediate phenotype for psychiatric disorder, we studied unaffected relatives of patients with bipolar disorder, major depression, and schizophrenia.

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Jun
2014

The ENIGMA Consortium: large-scale collaborative analyses of neuroimaging and genetic data.

Brain Imaging Behav 2014 Jun;8(2):153-82
Paul M Thompson, Jason L Stein, Sarah E Medland, Derrek P Hibar, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Miguel E Renteria, Roberto Toro, Neda Jahanshad, Gunter Schumann, Barbara Franke, Margaret J Wright, Nicholas G Martin, Ingrid Agartz, Martin Alda, Saud Alhusaini, Laura Almasy, Jorge Almeida, Kathryn Alpert, Nancy C Andreasen, Ole A Andreassen, Liana G Apostolova, Katja Appel, Nicola J Armstrong, Benjamin Aribisala, Mark E Bastin, Michael Bauer, Carrie E Bearden, Orjan Bergmann, Elisabeth B Binder, John Blangero, Henry J Bockholt, Erlend Bøen, Catherine Bois, Dorret I Boomsma, Tom Booth, Ian J Bowman, Janita Bralten, Rachel M Brouwer, Han G Brunner, David G Brohawn, Randy L Buckner, Jan Buitelaar, Kazima Bulayeva, Juan R Bustillo, Vince D Calhoun, Dara M Cannon, Rita M Cantor, Melanie A Carless, Xavier Caseras, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, M Mallar Chakravarty, Kiki D Chang, Christopher R K Ching, Andrea Christoforou, Sven Cichon, Vincent P Clark, Patricia Conrod, Giovanni Coppola, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Joanne E Curran, Michael Czisch, Ian J Deary, Eco J C de Geus, Anouk den Braber, Giuseppe Delvecchio, Chantal Depondt, Lieuwe de Haan, Greig I de Zubicaray, Danai Dima, Rali Dimitrova, Srdjan Djurovic, Hongwei Dong, Gary Donohoe, Ravindranath Duggirala, Thomas D Dyer, Stefan Ehrlich, Carl Johan Ekman, Torbjørn Elvsåshagen, Louise Emsell, Susanne Erk, Thomas Espeseth, Jesen Fagerness, Scott Fears, Iryna Fedko, Guillén Fernández, Simon E Fisher, Tatiana Foroud, Peter T Fox, Clyde Francks, Sophia Frangou, Eva Maria Frey, Thomas Frodl, Vincent Frouin, Hugh Garavan, Sudheer Giddaluru, David C Glahn, Beata Godlewska, Rita Z Goldstein, Randy L Gollub, Hans J Grabe, Oliver Grimm, Oliver Gruber, Tulio Guadalupe, Raquel E Gur, Ruben C Gur, Harald H H Göring, Saskia Hagenaars, Tomas Hajek, Geoffrey B Hall, Jeremy Hall, John Hardy, Catharina A Hartman, Johanna Hass, Sean N Hatton, Unn K Haukvik, Katrin Hegenscheid, Andreas Heinz, Ian B Hickie, Beng-Choon Ho, David Hoehn, Pieter J Hoekstra, Marisa Hollinshead, Avram J Holmes, Georg Homuth, Martine Hoogman, L Elliot Hong, Norbert Hosten, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol, Kristy S Hwang, Clifford R Jack, Mark Jenkinson, Caroline Johnston, Erik G Jönsson, René S Kahn, Dalia Kasperaviciute, Sinead Kelly, Sungeun Kim, Peter Kochunov, Laura Koenders, Bernd Krämer, John B J Kwok, Jim Lagopoulos, Gonzalo Laje, Mikael Landen, Bennett A Landman, John Lauriello, Stephen M Lawrie, Phil H Lee, Stephanie Le Hellard, Herve Lemaître, Cassandra D Leonardo, Chiang-Shan Li, Benny Liberg, David C Liewald, Xinmin Liu, Lorna M Lopez, Eva Loth, Anbarasu Lourdusamy, Michelle Luciano, Fabio Macciardi, Marise W J Machielsen, Glenda M Macqueen, Ulrik F Malt, René Mandl, Dara S Manoach, Jean-Luc Martinot, Mar Matarin, Karen A Mather, Manuel Mattheisen, Morten Mattingsdal, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Colm McDonald, Andrew M McIntosh, Francis J McMahon, Katie L McMahon, Eva Meisenzahl, Ingrid Melle, Yuri Milaneschi, Sebastian Mohnke, Grant W Montgomery, Derek W Morris, Eric K Moses, Bryon A Mueller, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Thomas W Mühleisen, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Benson Mwangi, Matthias Nauck, Kwangsik Nho, Thomas E Nichols, Lars-Göran Nilsson, Allison C Nugent, Lars Nyberg, Rene L Olvera, Jaap Oosterlaan, Roel A Ophoff, Massimo Pandolfo, Melina Papalampropoulou-Tsiridou, Martina Papmeyer, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Godfrey D Pearlson, Brenda W Penninx, Charles P Peterson, Andrea Pfennig, Mary Phillips, G Bruce Pike, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Steven G Potkin, Benno Pütz, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Jerod Rasmussen, Marcella Rietschel, Mark Rijpkema, Shannon L Risacher, Joshua L Roffman, Roberto Roiz-Santiañez, Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth, Emma J Rose, Natalie A Royle, Dan Rujescu, Mina Ryten, Perminder S Sachdev, Alireza Salami, Theodore D Satterthwaite, Jonathan Savitz, Andrew J Saykin, Cathy Scanlon, Lianne Schmaal, Hugo G Schnack, Andrew J Schork, S Charles Schulz, Remmelt Schür, Larry Seidman, Li Shen, Jody M Shoemaker, Andrew Simmons, Sanjay M Sisodiya, Colin Smith, Jordan W Smoller, Jair C Soares, Scott R Sponheim, Emma Sprooten, John M Starr, Vidar M Steen, Stephen Strakowski, Lachlan Strike, Jessika Sussmann, Philipp G Sämann, Alexander Teumer, Arthur W Toga, Diana Tordesillas-Gutierrez, Daniah Trabzuni, Sarah Trost, Jessica Turner, Martijn Van den Heuvel, Nic J van der Wee, Kristel van Eijk, Theo G M van Erp, Neeltje E M van Haren, Dennis van 't Ent, Marie-Jose van Tol, Maria C Valdés Hernández, Dick J Veltman, Amelia Versace, Henry Völzke, Robert Walker, Henrik Walter, Lei Wang, Joanna M Wardlaw, Michael E Weale, Michael W Weiner, Wei Wen, Lars T Westlye, Heather C Whalley, Christopher D Whelan, Tonya White, Anderson M Winkler, Katharina Wittfeld, Girma Woldehawariat, Christiane Wolf, David Zilles, Marcel P Zwiers, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Peter R Schofield, Nelson B Freimer, Natalia S Lawrence, Wayne Drevets,
The Enhancing NeuroImaging Genetics through Meta-Analysis (ENIGMA) Consortium is a collaborative network of researchers working together on a range of large-scale studies that integrate data from 70 institutions worldwide. Organized into Working Groups that tackle questions in neuroscience, genetics, and medicine, ENIGMA studies have analyzed neuroimaging data from over 12,826 subjects. In addition, data from 12,171 individuals were provided by the CHARGE consortium for replication of findings, in a total of 24,997 subjects.

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Apr
2014

The single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1344706 in ZNF804A is one of the best-supported risk variants for psychosis. We hypothesized that this SNP contributes to the development of schizophrenia by affecting the ability to understand other people's mental states. This skill, commonly referred to as Theory of Mind (ToM), has consistently been found to be impaired in schizophrenia.

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Jul
2012

Reexposure to trauma reminders is an integral element of trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (Roberts et al., 2009), but little is known about the physiological processes underlying the therapeutic progress. While it is well established that amygdala, prefrontal cortex and hippocampus are key brain structures in fear memory processing (McGaugh, 2004; Herry et al.

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Apr
2012

Identification of common variants associated with human hippocampal and intracranial volumes.

Nat Genet 2012 Apr 15;44(5):552-61. Epub 2012 Apr 15.
Jason L Stein, Sarah E Medland, Alejandro Arias Vasquez, Derrek P Hibar, Rudy E Senstad, Anderson M Winkler, Roberto Toro, Katja Appel, Richard Bartecek, Ørjan Bergmann, Manon Bernard, Andrew A Brown, Dara M Cannon, M Mallar Chakravarty, Andrea Christoforou, Martin Domin, Oliver Grimm, Marisa Hollinshead, Avram J Holmes, Georg Homuth, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Camilla Langan, Lorna M Lopez, Narelle K Hansell, Kristy S Hwang, Sungeun Kim, Gonzalo Laje, Phil H Lee, Xinmin Liu, Eva Loth, Anbarasu Lourdusamy, Morten Mattingsdal, Sebastian Mohnke, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Kwangsik Nho, Allison C Nugent, Carol O'Brien, Martina Papmeyer, Benno Pütz, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Jerod Rasmussen, Mark Rijpkema, Shannon L Risacher, J Cooper Roddey, Emma J Rose, Mina Ryten, Li Shen, Emma Sprooten, Eric Strengman, Alexander Teumer, Daniah Trabzuni, Jessica Turner, Kristel van Eijk, Theo G M van Erp, Marie-Jose van Tol, Katharina Wittfeld, Christiane Wolf, Saskia Woudstra, Andre Aleman, Saud Alhusaini, Laura Almasy, Elisabeth B Binder, David G Brohawn, Rita M Cantor, Melanie A Carless, Aiden Corvin, Michael Czisch, Joanne E Curran, Gail Davies, Marcio A A de Almeida, Norman Delanty, Chantal Depondt, Ravi Duggirala, Thomas D Dyer, Susanne Erk, Jesen Fagerness, Peter T Fox, Nelson B Freimer, Michael Gill, Harald H H Göring, Donald J Hagler, David Hoehn, Florian Holsboer, Martine Hoogman, Norbert Hosten, Neda Jahanshad, Matthew P Johnson, Dalia Kasperaviciute, Jack W Kent, Peter Kochunov, Jack L Lancaster, Stephen M Lawrie, David C Liewald, René Mandl, Mar Matarin, Manuel Mattheisen, Eva Meisenzahl, Ingrid Melle, Eric K Moses, Thomas W Mühleisen, Matthias Nauck, Markus M Nöthen, Rene L Olvera, Massimo Pandolfo, G Bruce Pike, Ralf Puls, Ivar Reinvang, Miguel E Rentería, Marcella Rietschel, Joshua L Roffman, Natalie A Royle, Dan Rujescu, Jonathan Savitz, Hugo G Schnack, Knut Schnell, Nina Seiferth, Colin Smith, Vidar M Steen, Maria C Valdés Hernández, Martijn Van den Heuvel, Nic J van der Wee, Neeltje E M Van Haren, Joris A Veltman, Henry Völzke, Robert Walker, Lars T Westlye, Christopher D Whelan, Ingrid Agartz, Dorret I Boomsma, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, Anders M Dale, Srdjan Djurovic, Wayne C Drevets, Peter Hagoort, Jeremy Hall, Andreas Heinz, Clifford R Jack, Tatiana M Foroud, Stephanie Le Hellard, Fabio Macciardi, Grant W Montgomery, Jean Baptiste Poline, David J Porteous, Sanjay M Sisodiya, John M Starr, Jessika Sussmann, Arthur W Toga, Dick J Veltman, Henrik Walter, Michael W Weiner, , , , , Joshua C Bis, M Arfan Ikram, Albert V Smith, Vilmundur Gudnason, Christophe Tzourio, Meike W Vernooij, Lenore J Launer, Charles DeCarli, Sudha Seshadri, , Ole A Andreassen, Liana G Apostolova, Mark E Bastin, John Blangero, Han G Brunner, Randy L Buckner, Sven Cichon, Giovanni Coppola, Greig I de Zubicaray, Ian J Deary, Gary Donohoe, Eco J C de Geus, Thomas Espeseth, Guillén Fernández, David C Glahn, Hans J Grabe, John Hardy, Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol, Mark Jenkinson, René S Kahn, Colm McDonald, Andrew M McIntosh, Francis J McMahon, Katie L McMahon, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Derek W Morris, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Thomas E Nichols, Roel A Ophoff, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Brenda W Penninx, Steven G Potkin, Philipp G Sämann, Andrew J Saykin, Gunter Schumann, Jordan W Smoller, Joanna M Wardlaw, Michael E Weale, Nicholas G Martin, Barbara Franke, Margaret J Wright, Paul M Thompson,
Identifying genetic variants influencing human brain structures may reveal new biological mechanisms underlying cognition and neuropsychiatric illness. The volume of the hippocampus is a biomarker of incipient Alzheimer's disease and is reduced in schizophrenia, major depression and mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. Whereas many brain imaging phenotypes are highly heritable, identifying and replicating genetic influences has been difficult, as small effects and the high costs of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have led to underpowered studies.

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Dec
2011

Alzheimer's disease is a devastating, common, progressive dementia with considerable heritability. Recently, a genetic variant associated with the disease was discovered at CLU (rs11136000) with genome-wide support. Here we show, using an imaging genetics approach in a large genotyped sample, that healthy carriers of the variant exhibit altered coupling between hippocampus and prefrontal cortex during memory processing, mirroring clinical evidence of disturbed connectivity in patients and providing a neurogenetic mechanism for CLU-associated risk and protection.

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Jan
2012

Characterizing the brain connectome using neuroimaging data and measures derived from graph theory emerged as a new approach that has been applied to brain maturation, cognitive function and neuropsychiatric disorders. For a broad application of this method especially for clinical populations and longitudinal studies, the reliability of this approach and its robustness to confounding factors need to be explored. Here we investigated test-retest reliability of graph metrics of functional networks derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) recorded in 33 healthy subjects during rest.

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Aug
2011

Accumulating evidence suggests that the mere subjective feeling of memory impairment in the absence of objective cognitive deficits may precede mild cognitive impairment in the continuum of Alzheimer disease manifestation. Brain imaging studies have provided insights into structural and functional alterations at the clinical stages of dementia and mild cognitive impairment, but the functional characteristics of subjective memory impairment (SMI) are largely unstudied.
To investigate brain activation during memory tasks in individuals without cognitive impairment who report SMI compared with control subjects without cognitive impairment and without SMI.

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Nov
2011

Recent research showed that cognitive emotion regulation (ER) both increases activity in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and decreases striatal responsivity to monetary rewards. Using a mixed monetary incentive delay/memory task as well as functional magnetic resonance imaging, we tested in healthy subjects whether ER effectively attenuates striatal reward encoding during the anticipation of reward (€1.00 vs.

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Nov
2010

Dysfunctional regulation of mood and emotion is a key component of major depressive disorder and leads to sustained negative feelings. Using functional MRI (fMRI), we investigated the temporal dynamics of emotion regulation in patients with major depressive disorder and in healthy controls, testing for acute and sustained neural effects of active emotion regulation. Moderately depressed individuals (n = 17) and never-depressed healthy control subjects (n = 17) underwent fMRI during performance of an active cognitive emotion regulation task while viewing emotionally arousing pictures.

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Feb
2011

Alterations of connectivity are central to the systems-level pathophysiology of schizophrenia. One of the best-established genome-wide significant risk variants for this highly heritable disorder, the rs1344706 single nucleotide polymorphism in ZNF804A, was recently shown to modulate connectivity in healthy carriers during working memory (WM) in a pattern mirroring that which was found in overt disease. However, it was unclear whether this finding is specific to WM or if it is present regardless of cognitive state.

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Aug
2010

The neural abnormalities underlying genetic risk for bipolar disorder, a severe, common, and highly heritable psychiatric condition, are largely unknown. An opportunity to define these mechanisms is provided by the recent discovery, through genome-wide association, of a single-nucleotide polymorphism (rs1006737) strongly associated with bipolar disorder within the CACNA1C gene, encoding the alpha subunit of the L-type voltage-dependent calcium channel Ca(v)1.2.

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Sep
2010

Genome-wide association studies are a powerful tool for unravelling the genetic background of complex disorders such as major depression.
We conducted a genome-wide association study of 604 patients with major depression and 1364 population based control subjects. The top hundred findings were followed up in a replication sample of 409 patients and 541 control subjects.

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Aug
2010

The response-focused emotion regulation style 'Expressive suppression' has been associated with symptoms of lower psychological well-being and increased function magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activation of the sublenticular extended amygdala (SLEA) in patients with major depression. Extending prior studies on active emotion regulation, we were interested in effects of habitual emotion regulation on neurobiology. Thirty subjects with either relatively high or low suppression scores as assessed with the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire without symptoms of clinical depression participated in the study.

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Jan
2011

Various kinds of normative judgments are an integral part of everyday life. We extended the scrutiny of social cognitive neuroscience into the domain of legal decisions, investigating two groups, lawyers and other academics, during moral and legal decision-making. While we found activation of brain areas comprising the so-called 'moral brain' in both conditions, there was stronger activation in the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and middle temporal gyrus particularly when subjects made legal decisions, suggesting that these were made in respect to more explicit rules and demanded more complex semantic processing.

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Dec
1969

The revised dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia postulates that dopamine metabolism is impacted differently with increased dopamine in the subcortical mesolimbic system and decreased dopamine in prefrontal cortical regions. Recently, we described findings supporting this hypothesis using a financial reward task in patients with schizophrenia (Walter et al., 2009).

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Nov
2010

Individuals carrying the short allele of a common polymorphism in the promoter region of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) exhibit heightened amygdala responses to passive stimulation with aversive emotional material. In turn, the level of amygdala activation in response to emotion can be decreased by will, for example by using cognitive emotion regulation strategies. In the present study, 37 female subjects (s-carriers: n=21; l/l-homozygotes: n=16) performed an emotion regulation task during functional magnetic resonance imaging to determine whether cognitive emotion regulation can modulate the genetically determined amygdala hyperreactivity in 5-HTTLPR short allele carriers.

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Mar
2010

Emotions can enhance memory which is on the one hand advantageous, but on the other hand may be detrimental in the long term, for example in the case of traumatic events. Although cognitive emotion regulation may reduce emotion experience and corresponding neural activation, at present little is known about its influence on long-term memory. We investigated memory for emotional pictures in healthy female subjects 1 year after voluntary emotion regulation using fMRI.

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Aug
2009

In addiction, loss of prefrontal inhibitory control is believed to contribute to impulsivity. To improve cognitive therapy approaches, it is important to determine whether cognitive control strategies can generally influence reward processing at the neural level. We investigated the effects of one such strategy--namely, reappraisal (distancing from feelings)--on neural reward processing in 16 healthy subjects by utilizing event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI).

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May
2009

Schizophrenia is a devastating, highly heritable brain disorder of unknown etiology. Recently, the first common genetic variant associated on a genome-wide level with schizophrenia and possibly bipolar disorder was discovered in ZNF804A (rs1344706). We show, by using an imaging genetics approach, that healthy carriers of rs1344706 risk genotypes exhibit no changes in regional activity but pronounced gene dosage-dependent alterations in functional coupling (correlated activity) of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) across hemispheres and with hippocampus, mirroring findings in patients, and abnormal coupling of amygdala.

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Mar
2009

Preferred pathways of emotional processing were investigated in an fMRI study where fearful and neutral faces were presented in the left, right or central visual field. Seventeen male volunteers were imaged at 3.0 T using GE-EPI.

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