Helping You Find Full Text Journal Articles

Search Results:

Author: Tatiana El-Bacha (17)


Dec
2017

Glutamine is a conditionally essential amino acid that is an important metabolic resource for proliferating tissues by acting as a proteinogenic amino acid, a nitrogen donor for biosynthetic reactions and as a substrate for the citric acid or tricarboxylic acid cycle. The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) productively infects activated CD4+ T cells that are known to require glutamine for proliferation and for carrying out effector functions. As a virus, HIV-1 is furthermore entirely dependent on host metabolism to support its replication.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jul
2017

The quality of dietary lipids in the maternal diet can programme the offspring to diseases in later life. We investigated whether the maternal intake of palm oil or interesterified fat, substitutes for trans-unsaturated fatty acids (FA), induces metabolic changes in the adult offspring. During pregnancy and lactation, C57BL/6 female mice received normolipidic diets containing partially hydrogenated vegetable fat rich in trans-unsaturated fatty acids (TG), palm oil (PG), interesterified fat (IG) or soyabean oil (CG).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jun
2017

Dietary patterns (DPs) have been described as an important factor that may influence polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) concentrations and body mass index (BMI) during pregnancy. We aim to evaluate the association between pre-pregnancy DPs and serum PUFA percentages throughout pregnancy considering early pregnancy BMI as a possible effect modifier. A prospective cohort of 154 pregnant women was followed (5th-13th, 20th-26th, and 30th-36th gestational weeks).

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2016

The aim of this work was to determine whether placental endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress may contribute to the pathophysiology of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and to test the efficacy of chemical chaperones and antioxidant vitamins in ameliorating that stress in a trophoblast-like cell line in vitro.
Placental samples were obtained from women suffering from GDM and from normoglycaemic controls and were frozen immediately. Women with GDM had 2 h serum glucose levels > 9.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2016

Dengue, due to its global burden, is the most important arthropod-borne flavivirus disease, and early detection lowers fatality rates to below 1%. Since the metabolic resources crucial for viral replication are provided by host cells, detection of changes in the metabolic profile associated with disease pathogenesis could help with the identification of markers of prognostic and diagnostic importance. We applied (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance exploratory metabolomics to study longitudinal changes in plasma metabolites in a cohort in Recife, Brazil.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2013

Infectious diseases such as those caused by virus, account for a vast proportion of deaths worldwide. Re-emerging aspects of host-virus interactions in recent literature include the vital role played by host metabolism on viral replication and the pro-active participation of mitochondria in this process. Different viruses use distinctive strategies to modulate mitochondrial bioenergetics and enhance viral replication.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

The metabolic resources crucial for viral replication are provided by the host. Details of the mechanisms by which viruses interact with host metabolism, altering and recruiting high free-energy molecules for their own replication, remain unknown. Sindbis virus, the prototype of and most widespread alphavirus, causes outbreaks of arthritis in humans and serves as a model for the study of the pathogenesis of neurological diseases induced by alphaviruses in mice.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Dec
1969

Tumor cells are characterized by accelerated growth usually accompanied by up-regulated pathways that ultimately increase the rate of ATP production. These cells can suffer metabolic reprogramming, resulting in distinct bioenergetic phenotypes, generally enhancing glycolysis channeled to lactate production. In the present work we showed metabolic reprogramming by means of inhibitors of histone deacetylase (HDACis), sodium butyrate and trichostatin.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2011

Recent results obtained from research on the intermediary metabolism of tumor cells have uncovered the biochemical reprogramming that takes place upon malignant transformation. Many features have been highlighted that are currently being exploited for specific chemotherapy. Many more will become available shortly as a consequence of the recognition of potentially useful targets for treatment.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Mar
2010

This work describes the use of a virtual learning environment (VLE) applied to the biochemistry class for undergraduate, first-year medical students at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. The course focused on the integration of energy metabolism, exploring metabolic adaptations in different physiological or pathological states such as starvation, diabetes, and exercise. The VLE was designed to combine online activities with traditional course content and presented guided inquiry-based activities to assist in the use of original scientific articles as educational resources.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2010

Liver damage occurs during Dengue Virus infection and constitutes a characteristic of severe forms of the disease. The present study was focused on the modulation of gene expression in a human hepatic cell lineage, HepG2, in response to Dengue Virus infection.
The global gene expression changes in HepG2 cells after 6, 24 and 48h of infection with Dengue Virus were investigated using a new tool of microarray data analysis and real-time PCR.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Feb
2009

3-BrPA (3-bromopyruvate) is an alkylating agent with anti-tumoral activity on hepatocellular carcinoma. This compound inhibits cellular ATP production owing to its action on glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation; however, the specific metabolic steps and mechanisms of 3-BrPA action in human hepatocellular carcinomas, particularly its effects on mitochondrial energetics, are poorly understood. In the present study it was found that incubation of HepG2 cells with a low concentration of 3-BrPA for a short period (150 microM for 30 min) significantly affected both glycolysis and mitochondrial respiratory functions.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2006

Vaccine discovery stands out as one of the public health interventions that has achieved the greatest impact in world's health. Vaccination is the most effective means of disease prevention, especially for viral infections. Starting with the use of smallpox vaccine by Jenner in the late 1700s, the technology for vaccine development has seen numerous advances.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Oct
2007

Dengue virus infection affects millions of people all over the world. Although the clinical manifestations of dengue virus-induced diseases are known, the physiopathological mechanisms involved in deteriorating cellular function are not yet understood. In this study we evaluated for the first time the associations between dengue virus-induced cell death and mitochondrial function in HepG2, a human hepatoma cell line.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Nov
2004

Although it is well established that cellular transformation with tumor virus leads to changes on glucose metabolism, the effects of cell infection by non-transforming virus are far to be completely elucidated. In this study, we report the first evidence that cultured Vero cells infected with the alphavirus Mayaro show several alterations on glucose metabolism. Infected cells presented a two fold increase on glucose consumption, accompanied by an increment in lactate production.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Aug
2003

Neoplastic cells generally present profound changes in glucose metabolism. The mechanisms underlying such process are numerous and all may involve altered cellular hormonal responses. Here we report the first evidence that cellular location of phosphofructokinase activity in human breast cancer tissues is different from the one observed in control tissues and that this phenomenon may be involved in the increased glycolytic flux observed in those cells.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Jan
2002

Phosphofructokinase-1 plays a key role in the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism. Its activity can be used as an indicator of the glycolytic flux in a tissue sample. The method most commonly employed to determine phosphofructokinase-1 activity is based on oxidation of NADH by the use of aldolase, triosephosphate isomerase, and alpha-glycerophosphate dehydrogenase.

View Full Text PDF Listings View primary source full text article PDFs.

Back to top