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Author: Tristram A Lett (16)


Dec
2017

The specific impact of weather factors on psychiatric disorders has been investigated only in few studies with inconsistent results. We hypothesized that meteorological conditions influence the number of cases presenting in a psychiatric emergency room as a measure of mental health conditions. We analyzed the number of patients consulting the emergency room (ER) of a psychiatric hospital in Berlin, Germany, between January 1, 2008, and December 31, 2014.

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Sep
2017

The rs1625579 variant near the microRNA-137 (MIR137) gene is one of the best-supported schizophrenia variants in genome-wide association studies (GWAS), and microRNA-137 functionally regulates other GWAS identified schizophrenia risk variants. Schizophrenia patients with the MIR137 rs1625579 risk genotype (homozygous for the schizophrenia risk variant) also have aberrant brain structure. It is unclear if the effect of MIR137 among schizophrenia patients is due to potential epistasis with genetic risk for schizophrenia or other factors of the disorder.

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Jun
2017

Threshold-free cluster enhancement (TFCE) is a sensitive means to incorporate spatial neighborhood information in neuroimaging studies without using arbitrary thresholds. The majority of methods have applied TFCE to voxelwise data. The need to understand the relationship among multiple variables and imaging modalities has become critical.

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Jan
2017

Tardive dyskinesia (TD) is a motor side effect that may develop after long-term antipsychotic treatment. Schizophrenia has recently been associated with the Neurexin-1 (NRXN1) gene that codes for a cell adhesion molecule in synaptic communication.
This study examined five NRXN1 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for possible association with the occurrence and severity of TD in 178 schizophrenia patients of European ancestry.

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Dec
2016

The XXIIIrd World Congress of Psychiatric Genetics meeting, sponsored by the International Society of Psychiatric Genetics, was held in Toronto, ON, Canada, on 16-20 October 2015. Approximately 700 participants attended to discuss the latest state-of-the-art findings in this rapidly advancing and evolving field. The following report was written by trainee travel awardees.

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Dec
2016

Genetic variation underlies both the response to antidepressant treatment and the occurrence of side effects. Over the past two decades, a number of pharmacogenetic variants, among these the SCL6A4, BDNF, FKBP5, GNB3, GRIK4, and ABCB1 genes, have come to the forefront in this regard. However, small effects sizes, mixed results in independent samples, and conflicting meta-analyses results led to inherent difficulties in the field of pharmacogenetics translating these findings into clinical practice.

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Dec
1969

The glutamic acid decarboxylase 1 (GAD1) gene is a major determinant of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), the most abundant inhibitory neurotransmitter modulating local neuronal circuitry. GABAergic dysfunction and expression of GAD1 have been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, and in working memory impairment. We examined the influence of the functional GAD1 rs3749034 variant on white matter fractional anisotropy (FA), cortical thickness, and working memory performance in schizophrenia patients and healthy controls (N=197).

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Jan
2015

Genetic variation in cytochrome enzymes is known to affect drug metabolism and influence treatment response. Recently, the rs472660 variant in CYP3A43 has been associated with olanzapine response and clearance. In this study, we investigated the impact of rs472660 and the putatively functional marker rs680055 on antipsychotic response.

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Apr
2014

The genetic and molecular pathways driving human brain white matter (WM) development are only beginning to be discovered. Long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) have been implicated in myelination in animal models and humans. The biosynthesis of LC-PUFAs is regulated by the fatty acid desaturase (FADS) genes, of which a human-specific haplotype is strongly associated with ω-3 and ω-6 LC-PUFA concentrations in blood.

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Nov
2014

Advances in image segmentation of magnetic resonance images (MRI) have demonstrated that multi-atlas approaches improve segmentation over regular atlas-based approaches. These approaches often rely on a large number of manually segmented atlases (e.g.

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Mar
2014

Cognitive deficits are a core feature of schizophrenia. Among these deficits, working memory impairment is considered a central cognitive impairment in schizophrenia. The prefrontal cortex, a region critical for working memory performance, has been demonstrated as a critical liability region in schizophrenia.

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Mar
2013

Previous studies have shown that antipsychotics with high propensity for antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) influence glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) mediated glucose intake. Variation in the gene encoding TBC1 domain family member 1 (TBC1D1), a Rab-GTPase activating protein regulating GLUT4 trafficking, has been associated with obesity. Therefore, we investigated the impact of TBC1D1 polymorphisms on AIWG.

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Nov
2011

Neurexin-1 (NRXN1) modulates recruitment of NMDA receptors. Furthermore, clozapine reduces hyperactivity of NMDA receptors. Thus, regulation of the NRXN1 gene may mediate the efficacy of clozapine at reducing cortical hyperactivity.

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Aug
2011

OBJECTIVES. The ANK3, CACNA1C and ZNF804A genes have been implicated in both bipolar disorders (BPD) and schizophrenia (SCZ). It has been suggested that BPD with psychosis may be a clinical manifestation of genes overlapping between BPD and SCZ.

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Dec
1969

Structural variation in the neurexin-1 (NRXN1) gene increases risk for both autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia. However, the manner in which NRXN1 gene variation may be related to brain morphology to confer risk for ASD or schizophrenia is unknown.
53 healthy individuals between 18-59 years of age were genotyped at 11 single nucleotide polymorphisms of the NRXN1 gene.

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