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Author: Vasily Ogryzko (36)


Jan
2018

The Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen leader protein (EBNA-LP) acts as a co-activator of EBNA-2, a transcriptional activator essential for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced B-cell transformation. Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) cells harboring a mutant EBV strain that lacks both the EBNA-2 gene and 3' exons of EBNA-LP express Y1Y2-truncated isoforms of EBNA-LP (tEBNA-LP) and better resist apoptosis than if infected with the wild-type virus. In such BL cells, tEBNA-LP interacts with the protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) catalytic subunit (PP2A C), and this interaction likely plays a role in resistance to apoptosis.

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Dec
2016

The nucleotidyl cyclase toxin ExoY is one of the virulence factors injected by the Pseudomonas aeruginosa type III secretion system into host cells. Inside cells, it is activated by an unknown eukaryotic cofactor to synthesize various cyclic nucleotide monophosphates. ExoY-like adenylate cyclases are also found in Multifunctional-Autoprocessing Repeats-in-ToXin (MARTX) toxins produced by various Gram-negative pathogens.

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Sep
2015

Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy (FSHD) is an epi/genetic satellite disease associated with at least two satellite sequences in 4q35: (i) D4Z4 macrosatellite and (ii) β-satellite repeats (BSR), a prevalent part of the 4qA allele. Most of the recent FSHD studies have been focused on a DUX4 transcript inside D4Z4 and its tandem contraction in FSHD patients. However, the D4Z4-contraction alone is not pathological, which would also require the 4qA allele.

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Sep
2015

The dual oxidase 2 (DUOX2) protein belongs to the NADPH oxidase (NOX) family. As H2O2 generator, it plays a key role in both thyroid hormone biosynthesis and innate immunity. DUOX2 forms with its maturation factor, DUOX activator 2 (DUOXA2), a stable complex at the cell surface that is crucial for the H2O2-generating activity, but the nature of their interaction is unknown.

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Jun
2015

The H3.3 histone variant has been a subject of increasing interest in the field of chromatin studies due to its two distinguishing features. First, its incorporation into chromatin is replication independent unlike the replication-coupled deposition of its canonical counterparts H3.

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Apr
2013

Quantum biology is emerging as a new field at the intersection between fundamental physics and biology, promising novel insights into the nature and origin of biological order. We discuss several elements of QBCL (quantum biology at cellular level) - a research program designed to extend the reach of quantum concepts to higher than molecular levels of biological organization. We propose a new general way to address the issue of environmentally induced decoherence and macroscopic superpositions in biological systems, emphasizing the 'basis-dependent' nature of these concepts.

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Dec
1969

It becomes increasingly evident that nuclesomes are far from being identical to each other. This nucleosome diversity is due partially to the existence of histone variants encoded by separate genes. Among the known histone variants the less characterized are H2A.

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Feb
2013

We have developed an approach termed PUB-NChIP (proximity utilizing biotinylation with native ChIP) to purify and study the protein composition of chromatin in proximity to a nuclear protein of interest. It is based on coexpression of (1) a protein of interest, fused with the bacterial biotin ligase BirA, together with (2) a histone fused to a biotin acceptor peptide (BAP), which is specifically biotinylated by BirA-fusion in the proximity of the protein of interest. Using the RAD18 protein as a model, we demonstrate that the RAD18-proximal chromatin is enriched in some H4 acetylated species.

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Aug
2012

Variation in chromatin composition and organization often reflects differences in genome function. Histone variants, for example, replace canonical histones to contribute to regulation of numerous nuclear processes including transcription, DNA repair, and chromosome segregation. Here we focus on H2A.

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Aug
2012

Nuclear structures ND10/PML NBs are linked to multiple processes, including the maintenance of intranuclear homeostasis by sequestering proteins into "nuclear depot." This function presumes release of proteins from PML NBs and their redistribution to the alternative, supposedly "active" locations, in response to the external stress application. To further investigate this nuclear depot function, we focused on the intranuclear distribution of protein Daxx that in normal conditions is mainly accumulated at PML NBs, and has a minor association with centromeres and pericentromeres (CEN/periCEN).

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Apr
2012

pAp (3'-5' phosphoadenosine phosphate) is a by-product of sulfur and lipid metabolism and has been shown to have strong inhibitory properties on RNA catabolism. In the present paper we report a new target of pAp, PARP-1 [poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1], a key enzyme in the detection of DNA single-strand breaks. We show that pAp can interact with PARP-1 and inhibit its poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation activity.

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Sep
2012

Recombinant-tagged proteins have a widespread use in experimental research as well as in clinical diagnostic and therapeutic approaches. Well-stocked sets of differently tagged variants of a same protein would be of great help. However, the construction of differently tagging vectors is a demanding task since cloning procedures need several tailored DNA inserts.

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Oct
2011

The common techniques to study protein-protein proximity in vivo are not well adapted to the capabilities and the expertise of a standard proteomics laboratory, typically based on the use of mass spectrometry. With the aim of closing this gap, we have developed PUB-MS (for proximity utilizing biotinylation and mass spectrometry), an approach to monitor protein-protein proximity, based on biotinylation of a protein fused to a biotin-acceptor peptide (BAP) by a biotin-ligase, BirA, fused to its interaction partner. The biotinylation status of the BAP can be further detected by either Western analysis or mass spectrometry.

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Jun
2011

This unit describes a system for expression of biotinylated proteins in mammalian cells in vivo, and its application to chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). The system is based on co-expression of the target protein fused to a short biotin acceptor domain, together with the biotinylating enzyme BirA from Escherichia coli. The superior strength of the biotin-avidin interaction in the modified ChIP protocol presented here allows one to employ more stringent washing conditions, resulting in a better signal/noise ratio.

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Jan
2011

Protein footprinting is a new methodology that is based on probing, typically with the use of MS, of reactivity of different amino acid residues to a modifying reagent. Data thus obtained allow one to make inferences about protein conformations and their intermolecular interactions. Most of the protein footprinting studies so far have been performed on individual proteins in vitro.

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Nov
2010

Tumor-derived mutant forms of p53 compromise its DNA binding, transcriptional, and growth regulatory activity in a manner that is dependent upon the cell-type and the type of mutation. Given the high frequency of p53 mutations in human tumors, reactivation of the p53 pathway has been widely proposed as beneficial for cancer therapy. In support of this possibility p53 mutants possess a certain degree of conformational flexibility that allows for re-induction of function by a number of structurally different artificial compounds or by short peptides.

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Nov
2009

We describe a modification of the tandem affinity purification method for purification and analysis of multiprotein complexes, termed here DEF-TAP (for differential elution fractionation after tandem affinity purification). Its essential new feature is the use for last purification step of 6xHis-Ni(++) interaction, which is resistant to a variety of harsh washing conditions, including high ionic strength and the presence of organic solvents. This allows us to use various fractionation schemes before the protease digestion, which is expected to improve the coverage of the analyzed protein mixture and also to provide an additional insight into the structure of the purified macromolecular complex and the nature of protein-protein interactions involved.

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Aug
2009

Escherichia coli possesses only one essential oligoribonuclease (Orn), an enzyme that can degrade oligoribonucleotides of five residues and shorter in length (nanoRNA). Firmicutes including Bacillus subtilis do not have an Orn homolog. We had previously identified YtqI (NrnA) as functional analog of Orn in B.

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Sep
2008

A fundamental requirement for genomic studies is the availability of genetic material of good quality and quantity. The desired quantity and quality are often hard to obtain when target DNA is composed of complex mixtures of relatively short DNA fragments. Here, we sought to develop a method to representatively amplify such complex mixtures by converting them to long linear and circular concatamers, from minute amounts of starting material, followed by phi29-based multiple displacement amplification.

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Oct
2008

Tagging of proteins in vivo by covalent attachment of a biotin moiety has emerged as a new prospective tool for protein detection and purification. Previously, we established a strategy for expression of in vivo biotinylated proteins in mammalian cells. It is based on coexpression of the protein of interest fused to a short biotin acceptor peptide and biotin ligase BirA cloned in the same vector.

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Apr
2008

Schroedinger's book 'What is Life?' is widely credited for having played a crucial role in development of molecular and cellular biology. My essay revisits the issues raised by this book from the modern perspective of epigenetics and systems biology. I contrast two classes of potential mechanisms of epigenetic stability: 'epigenetic templating' and 'systems biology' approaches, and consider them from the point of view expressed by Schroedinger.

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Mar
2008

The mammalian heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1) family of proteins was recently shown to be involved in transient repression of inducible promoters. One of these promoters is the HIV1 long terminal repeat, which, during viral latency, recruits a non-processive RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) that synthesizes a short regulatory transcript. Here, we have used this promoter to examine the interplay of HP1alpha, HP1beta and HP1gamma with RNAPII.

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Dec
1969

Oligoribonuclease is the only RNase in Escherichia coli that is able to degrade RNA oligonucleotides five residues and shorter in length. Firmicutes including Bacillus subtilis do not have an Oligoribonuclease (Orn) homologous protein and it is not yet understood which proteins accomplish the equivalent function in these organisms. We had previously identified oligoribonucleases Orn from E.

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Oct
2006

MyoD regulates skeletal myogenesis. Since proteins associated with MyoD exert regulatory functions, their identification is expected to contribute important insights into the mechanisms governing gene expression in skeletal muscle. We have found that the RNA helicases p68/p72 are MyoD-associated proteins and that the noncoding RNA SRA also immunoprecipitates with MyoD.

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Oct
2006

Escherichia coli formamidopyrimidine-DNA glycosylase (Fpg) and human 8-oxoguanine-DNA glycosylase (hOgg1) initiate the base excision repair pathway for 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) residues present in DNA. Recent structural and biochemical studies of Fpg-DNA and hOgg1-DNA complexes point to the existence of extensive interactions between phosphate groups and amino acids. However, the role of these contacts and their physiological relevance remains unclear.

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Jul
2006

Chromatin is considered to be a principal carrier of epigenetic information due to the ability of alternative chromatin states to persist through generations of cell divisions and to spread on DNA. Replacement histone variants are novel candidates for epigenetic marking of chromatin. We developed a novel approach to analyze the chromatin environment of nucleosomes containing a particular replacement histone.

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Dec
1969

We identified Oligoribonuclease (Orn), an essential Escherichia coli protein and the only exonuclease degrading small ribonucleotides (5mer to 2mer) and its human homologue, small fragment nuclease (Sfn), in a screen for proteins that are potentially regulated by 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphate (pAp). We show that both enzymes are sensitive to micromolar amounts of pAp in vitro. We also demonstrate that Orn can degrade short DNA oligos in addition to its activity on RNA oligos, similar to what was documented for Sfn.

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Mar
2005

Biotinylation of proteins is an attractive alternative to 'epitope-tagging', due to the strong biotin-(strept)avidin interaction and to the wide commercial availability of reagents for detection and purification of biotinylated macromolecules. Enzymatic biotinylation of target proteins in vivo using short biotin acceptor domains was described previously. Their use in mammalian cell requires expression of the bacterial biotinylation enzyme BirA.

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Sep
2004

Foamy virus Bel1/Tas trans-activators act as key regulators of gene expression and directly bind to Bel1 response elements (BRE) in both the internal and the 5'LTR promoters leading to strong transcriptional trans-activation. Cellular coactivators interacting with Bel1/Tas are unknown to date.
Transient expression assays, co-immunoprecipitation experiments, pull-down assays, and Western blot analysis were used to demonstrate that the coactivator p300 and histone acetyltransferase PCAF specifically interact with the retroviral trans-activator Bel1/Tas in vivo.

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Feb
2004

We describe a system designed to express biotinylated proteins in mammalian cells in vivo and its application to the study of protein-DNA interactions in vivo by chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). The system is based on coexpression of the target protein fused to a short biotin acceptor domain together with the biotinylating enzyme BirA from Escherichia coli. The superior strength of the biotin-avidin interaction allows one to employ more stringent washing conditions in the ChIP protocol, resulting in a better signal/noise ratio.

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Jan
2003

Chromatin dynamics and DNA repair.

Front Biosci 2003 Jan 1;8:s149-55. Epub 2003 Jan 1.
Tsuyoshi Ikura, Vasily V Ogryzko
Packing of the eukaryotic genome into chromatin poses an accessibility problem for the DNA repair machinery. Chromatin structure has to be changed for the repair to occur, and we are beginning to discover how different chromatin modifying mechanisms facilitate DNA repair in the chromatin context. On the other hand, the repair-related changes in chromatin should be transient, and a particular chromatin state should be able to survive the repair process.

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Nov
2002

The retinoblastoma (RB) gene product has been shown to restrict cell proliferation, promote cell differentiation, and inhibit apoptosis. Loss of RB function can induce both p53-dependent apoptosis and p53-independent apoptosis; little is known about the mechanisms of RB-regulated p53-independent apoptosis. Here we show that RB specifically activates transcription of the survival gene bcl-2 in epithelial cells but not in NIH 3T3 mesenchymal cells.

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Oct
2002

The LIM-domain-binding protein Ldb1 is a key factor in the assembly of transcriptional complexes involving LIM-homeodomain proteins and other transcription factors that regulate animal development. We identified Ssdp proteins (previously described as sequence-specific, single-stranded-DNA-binding proteins) as components of Ldb1-associated nuclear complexes in HeLa cells. Ssdp proteins are associated with Ldb1 in a variety of additional mammalian cell types.

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Jun
2002

High mobility group nucleosome-binding (HMGN) proteins belong to a family of nuclear proteins that bind to nucleosomes and enhance transcription from chromatin templates by altering the structure of the chromatin fiber. The intranuclear organization of these proteins is dynamic and related to the metabolic state of the cell. Here we report that approximately 50% of the HMGN proteins are organized into macromolecular complexes in a fashion that is similar to that of other nuclear activities that modify the structure of the chromatin fiber.

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