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Author: Wai Lau (41)



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May
2017

This study outlines a novel manufacturing technique for the generation of compartmentalized trilayered nanoparticles loaded with an anti-cancer agent and siRNA as a platform for the combination treatment of cancers. More specifically, we describe the use of a multi-needle electrohydrodynamic approach to produce nanoparticles with high size specificity and scalable output, while allowing suitable environments for each therapeutic agent. The inner polylactic-glycolic-acid (PLGA) layer was loaded with cisplatin while the middle chitosan layer was loaded with siRNA.

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May
2017

Activation of TLR3 stimulates cancer cell apoptosis and triggers secretion of inflammatory cytokines. PolyI:C, a TLR3 agonist, activates immune cells and regresses metastatic lung cancer in vivo. Although polyI:C reportedly kills lung carcinomas, the mechanism remains elusive.

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Dec
1969

Angiotensin 1-7 (Ang 1-7) counter-regulates the cardiovascular actions of angiotensin II (Ang II). The present study investigated the protective effect of Ang 1-7 against Ang II-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and endothelial dysfunction. Ex vivo treatment with Ang II (0.

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Dec
2015

Numerous documented ethnopharmacological properties have been associated with Swietenia macrophylla (Meliaceae), with its seed extract reported to display anti-hypoglycemic activities in diabetic rats. In the present study, three compounds isolated from the seeds of S. macrophylla were tested on a modified ELISA binding assay and showed to possess PPARγ ligand activity.

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Oct
2016

To find out whether intrapartum translabial ultrasound examination is painless by comparing pain score of ultrasound-based versus digital vaginal examination of foetal head station.
In 94 women carrying uncomplicated-term singleton pregnancies, labour progress was assessed by translabial ultrasound, followed immediately by conventional digital vaginal examination. Pain scores (0-10) using visual analogue pain scale were obtained for both examinations.

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Dec
2015

The USEPA and the WHO now advocate the use of enterococci as indicators for marine water quality. This study investigated the outcomes for Hong Kong beach water quality assessment by comparing enterococcus measures with data from the HKEPD's monitoring programme. Six beaches were tested once every 2-3 months from November 2013 to June 2014 in order to identify the most contaminated sites, followed by intensive water sampling in sites found to have the highest enterococci densities (Clear Water Bay Second and Golden) every five to six days for six sampling events over a 30-day period in 2014.

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Jul
2015

Findings of substantial remaining morbidity in treated major depressive disorder (MDD) led us to review controlled trials of treatments aimed at preventing early relapses or later recurrences in adults diagnosed with MDD to summarize available data and to guide further research.
Reports (n = 97) were identified through systematic, computerized literature searching up to February 2015. Treatment versus control outcomes were summarized by random-effects meta-analyses.

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May
2015

Hypertensive patients have been found to be associated with elevated levels of homocysteine, known as hyperhomocysteinemia. Homocysteine (Hcy) can induce endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in endothelial cells. This study aims to investigate whether black tea (BT) protects against hypertension-associated endothelial dysfunction through alleviation of ER stress.

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Dec
1969

To determine any change in adverse neonatal/maternal outcomes after increasing the rate of vaginal twin delivery by comparing vaginal twin delivery and caesarean delivery with our previous cohort study.
In a retrospective cohort study, all twins booked at a Hong Kong regional obstetrics unit were evaluated during a 3-year period from 1 April 2009 to 31 March 2012.
Out of the 269 sets of twins who eventually delivered in our unit, 68 (25.

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Dec
1969

Annexin 1 (ANXA1) is an endogenous anti-inflammatory protein implicated in cancer. ANXA1 was previously shown to be regulated by hsa-miR-196a. However, whether ANXA1 itself regulates microRNA (miR) expression is unknown.

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Feb
2015

The efficacy, limitations, and methods of studying antidepressant treatment continued beyond initial weeks of acute major depression remain incompletely resolved.
For subjects treated in controlled trials for acute depression, we analyzed the relationship of relapse risk within 12 months of rerandomizing to placebo versus duration of initial treatment and putative stabilization.
With data from placebo arms of 45 relevant controlled trials identified in recent, systematic reviews were pooled and analyzed by regression modeling.

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Aug
2015

To assess whether angle of progression (AOP) and head-perineum distance (HPD) measured by intrapartum transperineal ultrasound (ITU) correlate with clinical fetal head station (station); and whether AOP versus HPD varies during uterine contraction and relaxation. In a subset of primiparous women, whether these ITU parameters correlate with time to normal spontaneous delivery (TD).
We evaluated prospectively 100 primiparous and multiparous women at term in active labor.

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Jan
2015

End-stage renal failure patients often fail to attend scheduled renal palliative care clinic (RPCC) follow-up because of acute hospital admissions, causing negative impact on patients' well-being and health care burden.
The rates of RPCC attendance, emergency department (ED) attendance, and acute hospital admission per patient from January 2013 to June 2013 were analyzed.
Patients who had more than one ED visit within three months were invited to intensify their RPCC follow-up schedule for symptom assessment, medical advice, psychosocial-spiritual care, and social worker support in the subsequent three months.

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Jun
2014

Recent studies suggested that the development of neuropathic pain associated with neural injury may be partly due to up-regulation of cyclooxygenase (COX) in the central nervous system. However, the cellular sources of COX-1 and COX-2 up-regulation following nerve injury are unclear.
We investigated the spinal cellular sources of COX-1 and COX-2 in association with allodynia following L5 spinal nerve ligation (SNL).

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Oct
2013

Adaptation to changing environments is essential to bacterial physiology. Here we report a unique role of the copper homeostasis system in adapting Escherichia coli to its host-relevant environment of anaerobiosis coupled with amino acid limitation. We found that expression of the copper/silver efflux pump CusCFBA was significantly upregulated during anaerobic amino acid limitation in E.

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Jun
2013

Acupuncture has been used as a treatment for cognitive impairment.
This review assesses clinical evidence for or against acupuncture as a treatment for cognitive impairment. This review also discusses the proposed mechanism(s) that could link acupuncture to improved cognitive function.

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Oct
2010

The tuning of the pK(a) of ionizable residues plays a critical role in various protein functions, such as ligand-binding, catalysis, and allostery. Proteins harness the free energy of folding to position ionizable groups in highly specific environments that strongly affect their pK(a) values. To investigate the interplay among protein folding kinetics, thermodynamics, and pK(a) modulation, we introduced a pair of Asp residues at neighboring interior positions of a coiled-coil.

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Jun
2010

Human papilloma virus has been implicated as the cause of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in first-born children. Thus, cesarean section is strongly recommended by obstetricians to avoid direct contact with papilloma in an infected birth canal. We report a parturient with silent hypopharyngeal papilloma, which was associated with severe clinical problems at the induction of general anesthesia.

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Jan
2010

To evaluate and validate the Classification of Psoriatic Arthritis (CASPAR) criteria for PsA in a Chinese population.
Data were collected prospectively from consecutive Han Chinese clinic attendees with PsA and other chronic inflammatory arthritis. Subjects were classified according to Moll and Wright, European Spondyloarthropathy Study Group (ESSG) criteria for PsA, Vasey and Espinoza or CASPAR criteria.

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Aug
2010

Before April 2006, women with singleton pregnancy and advanced maternal age (AMA, 35 years and older) were offered either direct invasive tests or a variety of screening tests for Down syndrome (DS) with routine anomaly scan at 18-20 weeks. After April 2006, to reduce procedure-related fetal loss, invasive test was performed only for positive screening result or the presence of major fetal anomaly on ultrasound. We reviewed our 2-year experience after the policy change.

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Aug
2007

A series of N-alkylbenzenesulfonamides were developed from a high throughput screening hit. Classic and parallel synthesis strategies were employed to produce compounds with good in vitro and in vivo gamma-secretase activity.

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Dec
1969

This protocol describes the process of isolating and engineering antibodies or proteins for increased affinity and stability using yeast surface display. Single-chain antibody fragments (scFvs) are first isolated from an existing nonimmune human library displayed on the yeast surface using magnetic-activated cell sorting selection followed by selection using flow cytometry. This enriched population is then mutagenized, and successive rounds of random mutagenesis and flow cytometry selection are done to attain desired scFv properties through directed evolution.

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Dec
1969

Unconventional reaction-design strategies have been developed to exploit the intriguing kinematics that occur when adsorbed organic molecules are bombarded by a beam of hyperthermal protons: kinematic energy transfer is only effective in H-->H collisions and thus only C-H bonds are cleaved. This process yields a cross-linked molecular film with its chemistry governed by the selection of appropriate precursor molecules. Unlike the conventional wet-chemistry synthesis of cross-linked polymeric films, this new route uses no chemical initiators, additives, nor catalysts, and only requires a proton beam with a kinetic energy of a few electron volts in a dry-process mode compatible with molecular-device fabrication.

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Apr
2006

To define the dose-response relationship of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) above the conventional tumoricidal dose level of 66 Gy when the basic radiotherapy (RT) course was given by the 2D Ho's technique.
Data from all five regional cancer centers in Hong Kong were pooled for this retrospective study. All patients (n = 2426) were treated with curative-intent RT with or without chemotherapy between 1996 and 2000 with the basic RT course using the Ho's technique.

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Dec
2005

Iatrogenic internal carotid artery aneurysm is a rare complication of irradiation. There are few reported cases in the literature. A case of radiation-induced petrous internal carotid artery aneurysm in a patient with nasopharyngeal cancer treated with radiotherapy is reported.

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Dec
2005

Partially folded intermediates have been frequently observed in equilibrium and kinetic protein folding studies. However, folding intermediates that exist at the native side of the rate-limiting step are rather difficult to study because they often evade detection by conventional folding kinetic methods. Here, we demonstrated that a laser-induced temperature-jump method can potentially be used to identify the existence of such post-transition or hidden intermediates.

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Apr
2004

Using a cell-based assay, we have identified optimal residues and key recognition elements necessary for inhibition of gamma-secretase. An (S)-hydroxy group or 3,5-difluorophenylacetyl group at the amino terminus and N-methyltertiary amide moiety at the carboxy terminus provided potent gamma-secretase inhibitors with an IC(50) <10 nM.

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Feb
2004

Microarray technology is a powerful tool to speed up genomics study, yet many technical aspects need to be improved. The hybridization reaction of microarray experiments is carried out for 16h or overnight in order to obtain reasonably strong signals for analysis in the presence of high salt buffer, like SSC. However, the quantitative aspect of microarray hybridization has seldom been investigated.

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Jan
2004

A key element of membrane fusion reactions in biology is the involvement of specific fusion proteins. In many viruses, the proteins that mediate membrane fusion usually exist as homotrimers. Furthermore, they contain extended triple-helical coiled-coil domains and fusogenic peptides.

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Jan
2004

Multiple and extensive alterations in chromosome 9 were detected in thirty-four esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients, using seventeen polymorphic markers localized to chromosome 9 to detect the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) by polymerase chain reaction techniques. The LOH rates detected in this study range from 42.9 to 80.

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Jan
2004

To report a case where failure to provide adequate one-lung ventilation during transbronchial intubation resulted in a potentially fatal mishap.
A 61-yr-old male was scheduled for right lung lobectomy. Induction of general anesthesia was smooth, and subsequent resection of the right middle lobe was uneventful.

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Sep
2002

The application of microarray analysis to gene expression from limited tissue samples has not been very successful because of the poor signal qualityfrom the genes expressed at low levels. Here we discussed the use of catalyzed reporter deposition (CARD) technology to amplify signals from limited RNA samples on nylon membrane cDNA microarray. When the input RNA level was greater than 10 microg, the genes expressed at high levels did not amplify in proportion to those expressed at low levels.

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Mar
2002

To evaluate the role of radioiodine and external radiotherapy treatment in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC).
This is a retrospective study of 842 patients with the diagnosis of PTC registered from 1960 to 1997 at the Department of Clinical Oncology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong. The mean follow-up was 9.

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