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Author: Wei-Guo Zhang (93)


Mar
2018

l-lysine is an important amino acid in animals and humans and NADPH is a vital cofactor for maximizing the efficiency of l-lysine fermentation. Dihydrodipicolinate reductase (DHDPR), an NAD(P)H-dependent enzyme, shows a variance in nucleotide-cofactor affinity in bacteria. In this study, we rationally engineered Corynebacterium glutamicum DHDPR (CgDHDPR) to switch its nucleotide-cofactor specificity resulting in an increase in final titer (from 82.

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Feb
2018

Reduced nicotinamide adenine nucleotide phosphate (NADPH), which is one of the key cofactors in the metabolic network, plays an important role in the biochemical reactions, and physiological function of amino acid-producing strains. The manipulation of NADPH availability and form is an efficient and easy method of redirecting the carbon flux to the amino acid biosynthesis in industrial strains. In this review, we survey the metabolic mode of NADPH.

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Feb
2018

The main target of the present research was to examine the antitumor properties of aesculetin in human acute myeloid leukemia cancer cells (THP-1) and peripheral blood mono-nucleated cells (PBMCs) (used as normal cell line model) along with the determination of its effects on induction of apoptosis, inhibition of cancer cell migration and changes in Bcl-2/Bax protein expressions.
MTT colorimetric bioassay was performed to study the impact of this natural compound on cytotoxicity of both cell types. Moreover, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), inverted phase contrast and fluorescence microscopic techniques were used to study the effects on cell morphology and cellular ultrastructural details connected with apoptosis.

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Dec
2017

The occurrence of hyperkalemia after esophagectomy is clinically rare. Patients who underwent esophagectomy often have a serum potassium level due to perioperative reduced intake, fluids loss, consumption and other reasons. These patients often require the artificial administration of potassium.

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Dec
1969

Puerarin possesses a battery of therapeutic values in diverse disorders, including pro-apoptotic actions in multiple cancers. Herein, we investigated the effects of puerarin on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in vitro.
MTT and flow cytometry were carried out to evaluate the viability and apoptosis of SMMC-7721 HCC cells in the presence of different concentrations of puerarin.

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Jun
2017

A menaquinone-7 (MK-7) high-producing strain needs to be isolated to increase MK-7 production, in order to meet a requirement of MK-7 given the low MK-7 content in food products. This article focuses on developing MK-7 high-producing strains via screening and mutagenesis by an atmospheric and room temperature plasma (ARTP) mutation breeding system. We isolated an MK-7-producing strain Y-2 and identified it as Bacillus amyloliquefaciens, which produced (7.

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Dec
2017

The relative importance of alternatives expressed in terms of interval numbers in the fuzzy analytic hierarchy process aims to capture the uncertainty experienced by decision makers (DMs) when making a series of comparisons. Under the assumption of full rationality, the judgements of DMs in the typical analytic hierarchy process could be consistent. However, since the uncertainty in articulating the opinions of DMs is unavoidable, the interval number judgements are associated with the limited rationality.

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Sep
2016

A new enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) inhibitor series comprising a substituted phenyl ring joined to a dimethylpyridone moiety via an amide linkage has been designed. A preferential amide torsion that improved the binding properties of the compounds was identified for this series via computational analysis. Cyclization of the amide linker resulted in a six-membered lactam analogue, compound 18.

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Sep
2016

Nitrogen limited but carbon excess condition was used to obtain high cellular lipid content and production. The maximum lipid production was 51 g/L, the lipid content in the dry cell was 60 %, and the lipid productivity was 0.53 g/L/h.

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Jul
2016

The exopolysaccharide (EPS) produced by Sporidiobolus pararoseus JD-2 contained about 2.0% phosphorus and its zeta potential was -30mV at pH 6.0.

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Apr
2016

Gliomas are the most common primary brain tumors and have a very dismal prognosis. However, recent advancements in nanomedicine and nanotechnology provide opportunities for personalized treatment regimens to improve the poor prognosis of patients suffering from glioma. This comprehensive review starts with an outline of the current status facing glioma.

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Oct
2016

To investigate whether myocardial extracellular volume fraction (ECV) measurement by cardiac MR is indicative of myocardial injury, angiographic collateral flow, and functional recovery in patients with chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO).
A total of 50 CTO patients undergoing 1.5 Tesla MR were prospectively enrolled, and 28 underwent a second MR 6 months after revascularization.

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Feb
2016

With the availability of the whole genome sequence of Escherichia coli or Corynebacterium glutamicum, strategies for directed DNA manipulation have developed rapidly. DNA manipulation plays an important role in understanding the function of genes and in constructing novel engineering bacteria according to requirement. DNA manipulation involves modifying the autologous genes and expressing the heterogenous genes.

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Dec
1969

Treatment of bone metastases usually includes surgical resection with local filling of methotrexate (MTX) in polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) cement. We investigated whether incorporating carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) in MTX-PMMA cement might overcome disadvantages associated with MTX. To determine the optimal CMCS+MTX concentration to suppress the viability of cancer cells, an integrated microfluidic chip culturing highly metastatic lung cancer cells (H460) was employed.

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Jul
2015

Despite the proven benefits of clopidogrel combined aspirin therapy for coronary artery disease (CAD), CAD patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) still tend to have coronary thrombotic events. We aimed to investigate the influence of metabolic risk factors on the efficacy of clopidogrel treatment in patients with CAD undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
Cohorts of 168 MS and 168 non-MS subjects with CAD identified by coronary angiography (CAG) were enrolled in our study.

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Dec
2015

Myocardial infarction (MI) is the major cause of death by disease in the world. Many studies have identified the associations between matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) C-1562T polymorphisms and MI. However, the results remain inconclusive.

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Aug
2015

(1) To assess extracellular volume fraction (ECV) and regional systolic function in patients presenting with coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) in areas without significant late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), and (2) to investigate the correlation between angiography collateral flow and ECV in territories supplied by CTO vessels. A total of 50 angiographically documented CTO patients and 15 age- and sex-matched normal controls were recruited to the study. Myocardial ECV, was calculated in infarcted, global non-infarcted and the entire myocardium respectively.

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Apr
2015

Transient growth in Taylor-Couette flow of a Bingham fluid.

Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys 2015 Apr 13;91(4):043202. Epub 2015 Apr 13.
Cheng Chen, Zhen-Hua Wan, Wei-Guo Zhang
In this paper we investigate linear transient growth of perturbation energy in Taylor-Couette flow of a Bingham fluid. The effects of yield stress on transient growth and the structure of the optimal perturbation are mainly considered for both the wide-gap case and the narrow-gap case. For this purpose we complement the linear stability of this flow subjected to axisymmetric disturbances, presented by Landry et al.

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Dec
1969

This study was prospectively designed to determine the risk factors of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in patients who underwent different surgeries, and to evaluate the efficacy and accuracy of plasma D-dimer level as a screening test.
From June 2013 to June 2014, 360 consecutive patients undergoing orthopedic surgery were evaluated. All patients underwent ultrasonography preoperatively and on postoperative day 7.

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Feb
2015

In addition to genetic alterations, cancer cells are characterized by myriad epigenetic changes. EZH2 is a histone methyltransferase that is over-expressed and mutated in cancer. The EZH2 gain-of-function (GOF) mutations first identified in lymphomas have recently been reported in melanoma (~2%) but remain uncharacterized.

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Dec
1969

To compare tumor size by mammography and sonography and align with pathological results in primary breast cancer cases.
We retrospectively reviewed 95 primary breast cancer patients who underwent mammography and sonography from January 2011 to June 2012. The largest tumor diameter was chosen as sizing reference for each imaging modality.

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Jan
2015

The effectiveness of tacrolimus (FK506) for the promotion of nerve regeneration is known. However, at present, due to the fact that systemic application may lead to opportunistic infections and tumors, and that the treatment of peripheral nerve injury with systemic immunosuppression is not generally accepted, FK506 has not been widely used for the treatment of simple or peripheral nerve injury. In this study, a pyramid-shaped microfluidic device was designed and fabricated that was able to analyze the effective concentration of locally applied FK506.

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Nov
2014

Puerarin, a predominant isoflavonoid compound extracted from the Chinese medicinal herb Radix Puerariae, is considered to exhibit an antitumor effect. In the present study, the effects of puerarin on SMMC-7721 human hepatocellular carcinoma cells were investigated. Cell viability was assessed by MTT assay.

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Feb
2015

A novel single-phase full-color phosphor CaZr4(PO4)6:Dy(3+) has been synthesized by a high-temperature solid-state reaction. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis and FT-IR spectra confirmed the phase formation of CaZr4(PO4)6:Dy(3+) materials. The photoluminescence excitation and emission spectra, the concentration dependence of the emission intensity, decay curves, ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy and Commission International de I(')Eclairage (CIE) of the phosphor were investigated.

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Oct
2014

As a highly aggressive malignant disease, the prognosis of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is poor. Yet, the mechanisms underlying the progression of PDAC remain unclear. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) may be involved in various human cancers as cancer suppressors or oncogenes.

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Dec
1969

Objectives. Bile duct invasion (BDI) is a rare event in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The present study aimed at investigating clinical characteristics and surgical outcome of HCC patients with bile duct invasion.

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Dec
2014

Concussion is the most common form of traumatic brain injury (TBI), but diagnosis remains controversial because the brain appears quite normal in conventional computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These conventional tools are not sensitive enough to detect diffuse traumatic axonal injury, and cannot depict aberrations in mild TBIs. Advanced MRI modalities including diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), make it possible to detect brain injuries in TBI.

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Dec
1969

Industrial waste substrates, sugarcane molasses, and corn steep liquor were used for production of carotenes by Arthrobacter globiformis in this study. At the first stage, a one-factor-at-a-time approach was used for optimization of different media components such as carbon, nitrogen, MgSO(4) · 7H(2)O, and KH(2)PO(4), as well as pH, temperature, liquid medium volume, and inoculums level. The response surface method was further applied to determination of optimum values of process variables for maximum carotenes concentration.

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Aug
2014

Due to the vagueness of real-world environments and the subjective nature of human judgments, it is natural for experts to estimate their judgements by using incomplete interval fuzzy preference relations. In this paper, based on the technique for order preference by similarity to ideal solution method, we present a consensus model for group decision-making (GDM) with incomplete interval fuzzy preference relations. To do this, we first define a new consistency measure for incomplete interval fuzzy preference relations.

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Sep
2013

Vitamin D is suggested to have protective effects against type 1 diabetes. However, the results from observational studies have been inconsistent. We aimed to examine their association by conducting a meta-analysis of observational studies.

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Dec
2013

Computed tomography (CT) signs of hypovolemic shock have been reported previously. Whether these signs can be used to clinically predict hypovolemic shock remains unclear.
To investigate the predictive value of CT signs for hypovolemic shock in severe multiple-injury patients.

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Dec
2012

By the detection of hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with GP73 content to explore its significance for liver cancer diagnosis and clinical treatment.
Up-converting phosphor immunochromatography methods was used for detection of serum GP73 in 302 cases of liver cancer, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis patients and normal control, application electrochemiluminescence detection of AFP as a comparison. And ROC curve analysis of its diagnostic performance, and patients with HCC before and after treatment GP73 periodic testing of the treatment effect.

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Apr
2013

To assess the value of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) combined with chromosomal analysis for the detection of Robertsonian translocation type trisomy 21 in amniotic fluid cells.
Amniotic fluid samples from pregnant women requesting prenatal diagnosis were cultivated. Metaphase cells were prepared for G-banding karyotype analysis.

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Jun
2013

We report a case of pulmonary adenofibroma, a rare benign soft-tissue tumor characterized by a combination of glandular and spindle stromal elements, in a 55-year-old man. This case is interesting because of the unusual X-ray and computed tomography (CT) imaging findings of a well-defined, subpleural soft-tissue nodule in the inferior lobe of the left lung, which showed no enhancement after contrast scan. The tumor was resected completely via video-assisted thoracoscopy.

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Dec
1969

The effect of temperature on the growth and L-lactic acid production of Lactobacillus casei G-03 was investigated in a 7-L bioreactor. It was found that the maximum specific growth rate (0.27 hr⁻¹) and L-lactic acid concentration (160.

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Nov
2012

hSMG-1 kinase plays a dual role in a highly conserved RNA surveillance pathway termed nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD) and in cellular genotoxic stress response. Since deregulation of cellular responses to stress contributes to tumor growth and resistance to chemotherapy, hSMG-1 is a potential target for cancer treatment. From our screening efforts, we have identified pyrimidine derivatives as hSMG-1 kinase inhibitors.

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Dec
1969

Carotenoids produced by Sporidiobolus pararoseus were studied. It was found that biomass was connected with carbon source, temperature, and pH, but carotenoids proportion was seriously influenced by dissolved oxygen and nitrogen source. Different carotenoids could be obtained by using selected optimum conditions.

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Mar
2012

Two soil cores were collected from the Yuepu Park and a vegetable field near the Yunchuan Road in Baoshan district, Shanghai. Particle size, Pb content and Pb stable isotopic ratios were measured to examine Pb contamination status and its source. The results indicate that Pb concentration in the vegetable field soil and Yuepu park soil varies from 17.

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May
2012

In the crystal of the title compound, C(17)H(17)N(3)O(2), the mol-ecules exist in the keto-enamine form. The pyrazole ring is oriented at 10.59 (4) and 57.

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May
2012

Human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) could be used in clinics as precursors of multiple cell lineages following proper induction. Such application is impeded by their characteristically short lifespan, together with the increasing loss of proliferation capability and progressive reduction of differentiation potential after the prolonged culture expansion. In the current study, we addressed the possible role of 20S proteasomes in this process.

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Nov
2011

Catabolic repression in the synthesis of inducible enzymes by glucose, fructose, and intermediates of the glycolytic cycle has been observed in many microorganisms. In order to enhance the polygalacturonase (PG) production of Aspergillus niger GJ-2, Saccharomyces cerevisiae J-1 was inoculated to the medium at 12h of culture, which resulted in a significant improvement of PG production. It was also found that maximum PG activity of 512.

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Jun
2011

To study the clinical and radiographic results of tatal hip arthroplasty (THA) with an uncemented femoral component after 6 to 10 years follow-up, and to investigate factors effecting their efficacy.
From January 2000 to December 2003, 58 patients were treated with primary total hip arthroplasty. Among the patients, 27 patients were male and 31 patients were female, ranging in age from 25 to 73 years, with an average of 56 years.

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Oct
2011

Currently, the main hurdle in the tissue engineering field is how to provide sufficient blood supply to grafted tissue substitutes in the early post-transplanted period. For three-dimensional, cell-dense, thick tissues to survive after transplantation, treatments are required for hypoxia, nutrient insufficiency, and the accumulation of waste products. In this study, a biomacromolecular layer-by-layer coating process of chitosan/heparin onto a decellularized extracellular bone matrix was designed to accelerate the blood perfusion and re-endothelialization process.

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Dec
1969

To investigate the feasibility of noncontrast computed tomography (NcCT) and perfusion CT (PCT) in the assessment of head deceleration injury (HDI).
A small animal HDI device was developed. A total of 20 healthy adult rabbits with frontal impacts resulting from a 3.

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Mar
2011

To investigate the effect of oral alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) supplement on brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), supine systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in overweight/obese individuals. An 8-week double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled and cross-over trial with a 4-week washout between cross-over periods.
Sixty-three males and 40 females aged 22 - 57 years old who met the inclusion criteria as (1) Han ethnicity; (2) 20 - 60 years old; (3) BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2) and having at least one of the following risk factors: borderline hypertension (130 mm Hg ≤ SBP < 140 mm Hg and/or 85 mm Hg ≤ supine DBP< 90 mm Hg), dyslipidemia (fasting total cholesterol ≥ 5.

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May
2011

To explore the value of quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (i.e., T2 map technique) in the diagnosis of crush injury in rabbit hind limb muscles.

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Jul
2010

To investigate the effect of estradiol (E2) on tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) content in raphe nuclei of rats under forced swimming stress and explore the role of estrogen and stress in disease mechanism of depression in women.
At Week 3 post-ovariectomy, 35 ovariectomized (OVX) female SD rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n = 7): non-stress group, control group, estradiol (E2) group and fluoxetine (FLX) group and E2 plus FLX group. Animals were administered with different drugs for 2 weeks.

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Jan
2011

L-Lactic acid production by Lactobacillus casei was used as a model to study the mechanism of substrate inhibition and the strategy for enhancing L-lactic acid production. It was found that the concentration of cell growth and L-lactate decreased with the increase of glucose concentration and fermentation temperature. To enhance the osmotic stress resistance of the strain at high temperature, a mutant G-03 was screened and selected with 360 g/L glucose at 45°C as the selective criterion.

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